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di

Langue: en

Autres versions - même langue

Version: 22 Nov 2009 (ubuntu - 24/10/10)

Section: 1 (Commandes utilisateur)

Name

di - disk information

Synopsis

di [-AaghHklLmnPtZ] [-b block-size] [-d display-size] [-f format] [-I include-fstyp-list] [-s sort-type] [-w block-width] [-W inode-width] [-x exclude-fstyp-list] [-X debug-level] [-z zone-name] [file [...]]

mi

Description

di Displays usage information on mounted filesystems. Block values are reported in megabytes (1024k bytes) by default, but may be changed. If file is specified, the usage information for the partition on which file is located is printed.

Unless the -a flag is specified, the following mounted filesystems will not normally be displayed: filesystems with total blocks <= 0; filesystems marked by the operating system as "ignore"; automounted filesystems that are duplicates of other normally mounted filesystems; loopback filesystems that are part of a zone (Solaris).

mi Displays the mounted filesystem information.

Several options may be specified to control the output of di and mi:

-A
Print all fields (used for debugging). Mount points and special device names are printed at full width. The -a flag is set.
-a
Prints all mounted devices (normally, those with 0 total blocks are not printed - e.g. /dev/proc, /dev/fd).
-b
block-size (compatibility: -B)
Change the base block size from 1024 (default) to the size specified. block-size may be one of: k - 1024 bytes, si - 1000 bytes, or a specific size.
-d
display-size Display the blocks in units specified by display-size. Note that if the base block size is SI units of 1000 bytes, the display size is calculated using those units. display-size may be one of: 512 - POSIX, k - kilobytes, m - megabytes, g - gigabytes, t - terabytes, P - petabytes, E - exabytes, Z - zettabytes, Y - yottabytes, h - Scaled alternative 1, H - Scaled alternative 2, or a specific value to use as the block size.
Block display sizes greater than 1024 bytes are displayed with a precision of one decimal place after the radix.
The Scaled alternatives scale the sizes displayed and appends a suffix (e.g. 48.0k, 3.4M).
With scaled alternative 1, sizes within a line may scale to different units.
Scaled alternative 2 scales all the sizes in each individual line to the same unit size (the largest needed).
-f
format Use the specified format string format. Format strings are described below.
-g
(alias for: -dg)
Display sizes in gigabytes.
-h
(alias for: -dh)
Display partition sizes in scaled alternative 1 format.
-H
(alias for: -dH)
Display partition sizes in scaled alternative 2 format.
-I
include-fstype-list (compatibility: -F)
Include only the file system types listed in include-fstyp-list. The list is a comma separated list of file system types. Multiple -I options may be specified. If the 'fuse' filesystem type is specified, all fuse* filesystems will be included. e.g. -I nfs,rfs or -I nfs -I rfs.
-k
(alias for: -dk)
Display sizes in Kbytes.
-l
Display only local file systems.
-L
Don't do the check for duplicate filesystems.
-m
(alias for: -dm)
Display sizes in megabytes.
-n
Do not print a header line above the list of file systems. Useful when parsing the output of di.
-P
Output format is POSIX standard. 512 byte block size is the default. The -k option may be used.
-s
sort-type
Use sort-type to sort the output. The output of di is normally sorted by mount point. The following sort flags may be used to change the sort order: m - by mount point (default); n - leave unsorted (as it appears in the mount table); s - by special device name; t - by filesystem type; r - reverse the sort order.
These sort options may be combined in any order. e.g.: di -stsrm; di -strsrm.
-t
Print a totals line below the list of file systems. Pooled filesystems (zfs, advfs) have only the main pool added to the total. It is up to the user to exclude (using the -x option) read-only filesystems (cdfs, iso9660), swap-based (memfs, mfs, tmpfs) filesystems and user (fuse*) filesystems. Excluding the 'fuse' filesystem will exclude all fuse* filesystems.
-w
block-width
Set the print width for block values. Default is eight.
-W
inode-width
Set the print width for inode values. Default is seven.
-x
exclude-fstype-list (old: -i)
Exclude the file system types listed in exclude-fstyp-list. The list is a comma separated list of file system types. Multiple -x options may be specified. If the 'fuse' filesystem type is excluded, all fuse* filesystems will be excluded. e.g. -x nfs,rfs or -x nfs -x rfs.
-X
level
Set the program's debugging level to debug-level.
-z
zone-name
Display the filesystems for the specified zone. The zone must be visible to the user.
-Z
(alias for: -z all)
Display the filesystems for all visible zones.

Format strings

The output of di may be specified via a format string. This string may be given either via the -f command line option or by the DIFMT environment variable. The format string may specify the following columns:
m
Print the name of the mount point.
M
Print the name of the mount point, at full length. The mount point is formatted to the maximum width necessary for the longest mount point name.
b
Print the total number of megabytes on the file system. See also the -d option.
B
Print the total number of megabytes on the file system available for use by normal users. See also the -d option.
u
Print the number of megabytes in use on the file system (actual number of megabytes used = total - free). See also the -d option.
c
Print the number of megabytes not available for use by normal users (total - available). See also the -d option.
f
Print the number of free (unused) megabytes on the file system. See also the -d option.
v
Print the number of megabytes available for use by normal users. See also the -d option.
p
Print the percentage of megabytes not available for use by normal users (number of megabytes not available for use / total disk space). See also the -d option.
1
Print the percentage of total megabytes in use (actual number of megabytes used / total disk space). See also the -d option.
2
Print the percentage of megabytes in use, BSD-style. Represents the percentage of user-available space in use. Note that values over 100% are possible (actual number of megabytes used / disk space available to non-root users). See also the -d option.
a
Print the percentage of megabytes available for use by normal users (number of megabytes available for use / total disk space). See also the -d option.
3
Print the percentage of total megabytes free (actual number of megabytes free / total disk space). See also the -d option.
i
Print the total number of file slots (inodes) that can be created on the file system.
U
Print the number of file slots in use.
F
Print the number of file slots available.
P
Print the percentage of file slots in use.
s
Print the file system name (special device or remote mount point).
S
Print the file system name (special device or remote mount point), at full length. The file system name is formatted to the maximum width necessary for the longest file system name.
t
Print the file system type.
T
Print the file system type at full length. The file system type is formatted to the maximum width necessary for the longest file system type.
I
Print the time the filesystem was mounted. This column is not supported on all systems.
O
Print the filesystem mount options.

The default format string for di is smbuvpT.

The default format string for mi is MSTIO.

The format string may also contain any other character not listed above. The character will be printed as is. e.g. di -f 'mbuvp|iUFP' will print the character '|' between the disk usage and the file slot usage. The command sequence (Bourne Shell):


di -f 'mbuvp
miUFP'
will print two lines of data for each filesystem.

Examples

Various df equivalent format strings for System V release 4 are:
/usr/bin/df -v di -P -f msbuf1
/usr/bin/df -k di -dk -f sbcvpm
/usr/ucb/df di -dk -f sbuv2m

If you like your numbers to add up/calculate the percentage correctly, try one of the following format strings:

di -f SMbuf1T
di -f SMbcvpT
di -f SMBuv2T

Environment Variables

The DIFMT environment variable may be used to specify the default display format string.

The DI_ARGS environment variable may be used to specify command line arguments. e.g. If you always want gigabytes displayed, set DI_ARGS equal to "-dg". Any command line arguments specified will override the DI_ARGS environment variable.

The GNU df POSIXLY_CORRECT, and DF_BLOCK_SIZE and the BSD BLOCKSIZE environment variables are honored.

Note

For filesystems that do not report available blocks (e.g. System V release 3), the number of available blocks is considered to be the number of free blocks.

WARNING

Do not replace your system's df command with this program. You will in all likelihood break your installation procedures.

See Also

df(1), fstab(5), getmnt(2), getmntinfo(2), mnttab(4), mount(1M) statfs(2), statvfs(2)

Bugs

Send bug reports to: bll6969di_at_gmail.com

Website

http://www.gentoo.com/di/

Author

This program is Copyright 1994-2009 by Brad Lanam.

Brad Lanam, Walnut Creek, CA (bll6969di_at_gmail.com)

Il y a des gens qui mentent simplement pour mentir.
-+- Blaise Pascal (1623-1662) - II.108 -+-