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logname.1posix

Langue: en

Version: 2003 (ubuntu - 07/07/09)

Section: 1 (Commandes utilisateur)

NAME

logname - return the user's login name

SYNOPSIS

logname

DESCRIPTION

The logname utility shall write the user's login name to standard output. The login name shall be the string that would be returned by the getlogin() function defined in the System Interfaces volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001. Under the conditions where the getlogin() function would fail, the logname utility shall write a diagnostic message to standard error and exit with a non-zero exit status.

OPTIONS

None.

OPERANDS

None.

STDIN

Not used.

INPUT FILES

None.

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES

The following environment variables shall affect the execution of logname:

LANG
Provide a default value for the internationalization variables that are unset or null. (See the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, Section 8.2, Internationalization Variables for the precedence of internationalization variables used to determine the values of locale categories.)
LC_ALL
If set to a non-empty string value, override the values of all the other internationalization variables.
LC_CTYPE
Determine the locale for the interpretation of sequences of bytes of text data as characters (for example, single-byte as opposed to multi-byte characters in arguments).
LC_MESSAGES
Determine the locale that should be used to affect the format and contents of diagnostic messages written to standard error.
NLSPATH
Determine the location of message catalogs for the processing of LC_MESSAGES .

ASYNCHRONOUS EVENTS

Default.

STDOUT

The logname utility output shall be a single line consisting of the user's login name:

 
 "%s\n", <login name>
 
 

STDERR

The standard error shall be used only for diagnostic messages.

OUTPUT FILES

None.

EXTENDED DESCRIPTION

None.

EXIT STATUS

The following exit values shall be returned:

 0
Successful completion.
>0
An error occurred.

CONSEQUENCES OF ERRORS

Default.

The following sections are informative.

APPLICATION USAGE

The logname utility explicitly ignores the LOGNAME environment variable because environment changes could produce erroneous results.

EXAMPLES

None.

RATIONALE

The passwd file is not listed as required because the implementation may have other means of mapping login names.

FUTURE DIRECTIONS

None.

SEE ALSO

id , who , the System Interfaces volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, getlogin()

Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .
Il faut, autant qu'on peut, obliger tout le monde :
On a souvent besoin d'un plus petit que soi.
-+- Jean de La Fontaine (1621-1695),
Le Lion et le Rat (Fables II.11) -+-