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Langue: en

Version: 250237 (debian - 07/07/09)

Section: 1 (Commandes utilisateur)


mace2 - searches for finite countermodels of first-order statements


mace2 [options] < input-file > output-file


This manual page documents briefly the mace2 command.

mace2 is a program that searches for finite models of first-order statements. The statement to be modeled is first translated to clauses, then to relational clauses; finally for the given domain size, the ground instances are constructed. A Davis-Putnam-Loveland-Logeman procedure decides the propositional problem, and any models found are translated to first-order models. mace2 is a useful complement to the theorem prover otter(1), with otter searching for proofs and mace2 looking for countermodels.


A summary of options is included below.
-n n
This gives the starting domain size for the search. The default value is 2. If you also give an -N option, MACE will iterate domain sizes up through the -N value. Otherwise, mace2 will search only for the -n value.
-N n
This gives the ending domain size for the search. The default is the value of the -n option.
This says that constants in the input should be assigned unique elements of the domain. If the number of constants in the input is greater than the domain size n, the first n constants are given values, and the rest are unconstrained. This is a useful option because it eliminates lots of isomorphism from the search. But it can block all models, especially when used with other constraints.
This option tells mace2 to print models in a nice tabular form as they are found. This format is meant for human consumption.
This option tells mace2 to print models in an easily parsable form. This format has an otter-like syntax and can be read by most Prolog systems.
This option tells mace2 to print models in IVY form. This format is a Lisp S-expression and is meant to be read by IVY, our proof and model checker.
-m n
This tells mace2 to stop after finding n models. The default is 1.
-t n
This tells mace2 to stop after about n seconds. The default is unlimited. mace2 ignores any assign(max_seconds, n) commands that might be in the input file. Such commands are used by otter only.
-k n
This tells mace2 to stop if it tries to allocate more than n kilobytes of memory. The default is 48000 (about 48 megabytes). mace2 ignores any assign(max_mem, n) commands that might be in the input file. Such commands are used by otter only.
This is a special-purpose constraint designed to reduce isomorphism in quasigroup problems. It applies only to binary function f.
This tells mace2 to print a summary of these command-line options.


anldp(1), formed(1), otter(1), pl(1).
Full documentation for mace2 is found in /usr/share/doc/mace2/mace2.{html,ps.gz}.


mace2 ws written by William McCune <>

This manual page was written by Peter Collingbourne <>, for the Debian project (but may be used by others).

13:17 Salut tout l'monde ! j'ai un p'tit soucis : j'ai installé MDK 8
pour tester, et puis j'ai voulu jouer avec le MDK control center...
et pis j'ai modifier la souris... et elle marche plus.. help!
13:25 suite 13:17 --> J'ai bien essayé d'annuler la modif en utilisant le
Control Center avec le clavier, mais c'est tellement graphique
qu'on peut même pas utiliser le clavier >:-(
13:26 13:25 c'est vrai ça ? tu ne serais pas un rebelle indépendantiste
slackwariste essayant de descredibiliser Mandrake au yeux du
proletariat ?