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Langue: en

Version: 330432 (ubuntu - 24/10/10)

Section: 1 (Commandes utilisateur)


troff, nroff - text formatting and typesetting


troff [ option ... ] [ file ... ]

nroff [ option ... ] [ file ... ]


Troff formats text in the named files for printing on a typesetter. Nroff does the same, but produces output suitable for typewriter-like devices.

If no file argument is present, the standard input is read. An argument consisting of a single minus (-) is taken to be a file name corresponding to the standard input. The options are:

Print pages in the comma-separated list of numbers and ranges. A range N-M means N through M; initial -M means up to M; final N- means from N to the end.
Number first generated page N.
Process the macro file /sys/lib/tmac/ before the input files.
Set register a (one character name) to N.
Read standard input after the input files are exhausted.
Invoke the simultaneous input-output mode of the rd request.
Produce output suitable for typewriter-like devices.

Typesetter devices (not -N) only

Send a printable textual approximation of the results to the standard output.
Prepare output for typesetter dest:
(The default.) PostScript printers with preprocessing to handle Unicode characters encoded in UTF
Regular PostScript printers
Mergenthaler Linotron 202
Take font information from directory dir.

Typewriter (-N) output only

Halt prior to every N pages (default N=1) to allow paper loading or changing.
Prepare output for specified terminal. Known names include utf for the normal Plan 9 UTF encoding of the Unicode Standard character set (default), 37 for the Teletype model 37, lp (`line-printer') for any terminal without half-line capability, 450 for the DASI-450 (Diablo Hyterm), and think (HP ThinkJet).
Produce equally-spaced words in adjusted lines, using full terminal resolution.
Use output tabs during horizontal spacing to speed output and reduce output character count. Tab settings are assumed to be every 8 nominal character widths.


temporary file
standard macro files
terminal driving tables for nroff
font width tables for troff




lpr(1), proof(1), tr2post(1), eqn(1), tbl(1), pic(1), grap(1), doctype(1), ms(7), image(7), tex(1), deroff(1)
J. F. Ossanna and B. W. Kernighan, ``Troff User's Manual''
B. W. Kernighan, ``A TROFF Tutorial'', Unix Research System Programmer's Manual, Tenth Edition, Volume 2.
Ces qualités du Corps qui n'en peuvent être séparées, je les nomme
qualités originales et premières, qui sont la solidité, l'étendue, la
figure, le nombre, et le mouvement, ou le repos, et qui produisent en
nous des idées simples, comme chacun peut, à mon avis s'en assurer par
soi-même. Il y a, en second lieu, des qualités qui dans le Corps ne
sont effectivement autre chose que la puissance de produire diverses
sensations en nous par le moyen de leurs premières qualités,
c'est-à-dire, par la grosseur, figure, contexture et mouvement de leurs
parties insensibles, comme sont les couleurs, les sons, les goûts, etc.
Je donne à ces qualités le nom de secondes qualités.
-+- John Locke (1632-1704), Essai sur l'entendement humain -+-