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sacct

Langue: en

Version: 331583 (ubuntu - 24/10/10)

Section: 1 (Commandes utilisateur)

NAME

sacct - displays accounting data for all jobs and job steps in the SLURM job accounting log or SLURM database

SYNOPSIS

sacct [OPTIONS...]

DESCRIPTION

Accounting information for jobs invoked with SLURM are either logged in the job accounting log file or saved to the SLURM database.

The sacct command displays job accounting data stored in the job accounting log file or SLURM database in a variety of forms for your analysis. The sacct command displays information on jobs, job steps, status, and exitcodes by default. You can tailor the output with the use of the --fields= option to specify the fields to be shown.

For the root user, the sacct command displays job accounting data for all users, although there are options to filter the output to report only the jobs from a specified user or group.

For the non-root user, the sacct command limits the display of job accounting data to jobs that were launched with their own user identifier (UID) by default. Data for other users can be displayed with the --all, --user, or --uid options.

Note:
Much of the data reported by sacct has been generated by the wait3() and getrusage() system calls. Some systems gather and report incomplete information for these calls; sacct reports values of 0 for this missing data. See your systems getrusage(3) man page for information about which data are actually available on your system.
If --dump is specified, the field selection options (--brief, --format, ...) have no effect.
Elapsed time fields are presented as 2 fields, integral seconds and integral microseconds
If --dump is not specified, elapsed time fields are presented as [[days-]hours:]minutes:seconds.hundredths.
The default input file is the file named in the jobacct_logfile parameter in slurm.conf.

OPTIONS

-a , --allusers
Displays the current user's jobs. Displays all users jobs when run by root.

-A account_list , --accounts=account_list
Displays jobs when a comma separated list of accounts are given as the argument.


-b , --brief
Displays a brief listing, which includes the following data:
jobid
status
exitcode
This option has no effect when the ---dump option is also specified.
-C cluster_list, --cluster=cluster_list
Displays the statistics only for the jobs started on the clusters specified by the cluster_list operand, which is a comma-separated list of clusters. Space characters are not allowed in the cluster_list. -1 for all clusters, default is current cluster you are executing the sacct command on.
-c , --completion
Use job completion instead of job accounting.


-d , --dump
Dumps the raw data records.

The section titled "INTERPRETING THE --dump OPTION OUTPUT" describes the data output when this option is used.
--duplicates
If SLURM job ids are reset, but the job accounting log file isn't reset at the same time (with -e, for example), some job numbers will probably appear more than once in the accounting log file to refer to different jobs; such jobs can be distinguished by the "submit" time stamp in the data records.
When data for specific jobs are requested with the --jobs option, we assume that the user wants to see only the most recent job with that number. This behavior can be overridden by specifying --duplicates, in which case all records that match the selection criteria will be returned.
-e , --helpformat
Print a list of fields that can be specified with the --format option.

 Fields available:
 
 AllocCPUS     Account       AssocID       AveCPU
 AvePages      AveRSS        AveVMSize     BlockID
 Cluster       CPUTime       CPUTimeRAW    Elapsed
 Eligible      End           ExitCode      GID
 Group         JobID         JobName       Layout
 MaxPages      MaxPagesNode  MaxPagesTask  MaxRSS
 MaxRSSNode    MaxRSSTask    MaxVMSize     MaxVMSizeNode
 MaxVMSizeTask MinCPU        MinCPUNode    MinCPUTask
 NCPUS         NNodes        NodeList      NTasks
 Priority      Partition     QOS           QOSRAW
 ReqCPUS       Reserved      ResvCPU       ResvCPURAW
 Start         State         Submit        Suspended
 SystemCPU     Timelimit     TotalCPU      UID
 User          UserCPU       WCKey         WCKeyID
 
 
The section titled "Job Accounting Fields" describes these fields.
-E end_time, --endtime=end_time
Select jobs eligible before time. If states are given with the -s option return jobs in this state before this period.
Valid time formats are... HH:MM[:SS] [AM|PM] MMDD[YY] or MM/DD[/YY] or MM.DD[.YY] MM/DD[/YY]-HH:MM[:SS] YYYY-MM-DD[THH:MM[:SS]]


-f file, --file=file
Causes the sacct command to read job accounting data from the named file instead of the current SLURM job accounting log file. Only applicable when running the filetxt plugin.
-g gid_list, --gid=gid_list --group=group_list
Displays the statistics only for the jobs started with the GID or the GROUP specified by the gid_list or thegroup_list operand, which is a comma-separated list. Space characters are not allowed. Default is no restrictions..
-h , --help
Displays a general help message.

-j job(.step) , --jobs=job(.step)
Displays information about the specified job(.step) or list of job(.step)s.
The job(.step) parameter is a comma-separated list of jobs. Space characters are not permitted in this list.
The default is to display information on all jobs.
-l, --long
Equivalent to specifying:
'--fields=jobid,jobname,partition,maxvsize,maxvsizenode,maxvsizetask,avevsize,maxrss,maxrssnode,maxrsstask,averss,maxpages,maxpagesnode,maxpagestask,avepages,mincpu,mincpunode,mincputask,avecpu,ntasks,alloccpus,elapsed,state,exitcode'

-L, --allclusters
Display jobs ran on all clusters. By default, only jobs ran on the cluster from where sacct is called are displayed.
-n, --noheader
No heading will be added to the output. The default action is to display a header.
This option has no effect when used with the --dump option.
-N, --nodelist
Display jobs that ran on any of these nodes, can be one or more using a ranged string.

-o , --format
Comma separated list of fields. (use "--helpformat" for a list of available fields).

NOTE: When using the format option for listing various fields you can put a %NUMBER afterwards to specify how many characters should be printed.

i.e. format=name%30 will print 30 characters of field name right justified. A -30 will print 30 characters left justified.


-O , --formatted_dump
Dumps accounting records in an easy-to-read format.
This option is provided for debugging.
-p , --parsable
output will be '|' delimited with a '|' at the end
-P , --parsable2
output will be '|' delimited without a '|' at the end
-r , --partition

Comma separated list of partitions to select jobs and job steps from. The default is all partitions.

-s state_list , --state=state_list
Selects jobs based on their current state or the state they were in during the time period given, which can be designated with the following state designators:
r
running
s
suspended
ca
cancelled
cd
completed
pd
pending
f
failed
to
timed out
nf
node_fail
The state_list operand is a comma-separated list of these state designators. Space characters are not allowed in the state_list
NOTE: When specifying states and no start time is given the default starttime is 'now'. .
-S , --starttime
Select jobs eligible after the specified time. Default is midnight of current day. If states are given with the -s option then return jobs in this state at this time, 'now' is also used as the default time.

Valid time formats are... HH:MM[:SS] [AM|PM] MMDD[YY] or MM/DD[/YY] or MM.DD[.YY] MM/DD[/YY]-HH:MM[:SS] YYYY-MM-DD[THH:MM[:SS]]

-T , --truncate
Truncate time. So if a job started before --starttime the start time would be truncated to --starttime. The same for end time and --endtime.
-u uid_list, --uid=uid_list --user=user_list
Use this comma separated list of uids or user names to select jobs to display. By default, the running user's uid is used.
--usage
Displays a help message.
-v , --verbose
Primarily for debug use reports the state of certain variables during processing.
-V , --version
Print version.
-W wckey_list, --wckeys=wckey_list
Displays the statistics only for the jobs started on the wckeys specified by the wckey_list operand, which is a comma-separated list of wckey names. Space characters are not allowed in the wckey_list. Default is all wckeys.
-x associd_list, --associations=assoc_list
Displays the statistics only for the jobs running under the association ids specified by the assoc_list operand, which is a comma-separated list of association ids. Space characters are not allowed in the assoc_list. Default is all associations.
-X , --allocations
Only show cumulative statistics for each job, not the intermediate steps.

Job Accounting Fields

The following describes each job accounting field:
alloccpus
Count of allocated processors.
account
Account the job ran under.
associd
Reference to the association of user, account and cluster.
avecpu
Average CPU time of a process.
avepages
Average pages of a process.
averss
Average resident set size of a process.
avevsize
Average Virtual Memory size of a process.
blockid
Block ID, applicable to BlueGene computers only.
cluster
Cluster name.
cputime
Formatted number of cpu seconds a process was allocated.
cputimeraw
How much cpu time process was allocated in second format, not formatted like above.
elapsed
The jobs elapsed time.
The format of this fields output is as follows:
[DD-[hh:]]mm:ss
as defined by the following:
DD
days
hh
hours
mm
minutes
ss
seconds
eligible
When the job became eligible to run.
end
Termination time of the job. Format output is as follows:
MM/DD-hh:mm:ss
as defined by the following:
MM
month
DD
day
hh
hours
mm
minutes
ss
seconds
exitcode
The first non-zero error code returned by any job step.
gid
The group identifier of the user who ran the job.
group
The group name of the user who ran the job.
jobid
The number of the job or job step. It is in the form: job.jobstep.
jobname
The name of the job or job step. The slurm_accounting.log file is a space delimited file. Because of this if a space is used in the jobname an underscore is substituted for the space before the record is written to the accounting file. So when the jobname is displayed by sacct the jobname that had a space in it will now have an underscore in place of the space.
layout
What the layout of a step was when it was running. This can be used to give you an idea of which node ran which rank in your job.
maxpages
Maximum page faults of a process.
maxpagesnode
The node where the maxpages occured.
maxpagestask
The task on maxpagesnode where the maxpages occured.
maxrss
Maximum resident set size of a process.
maxrssnode
The node where the maxrss occured.
maxrsstask
The task on maxrssnode where the maxrss occured.
maxvmsize
Maximum Virtual Memory size of any process.
maxvmsizenode
The node where the maxvsize occured.
maxvmsizetask
The task on maxvsizenode where the maxvsize occured.
mincpu
Minimum cpu of any process.
mincpunode
The node where the mincpu occured.
mincputask
The task on mincpunode where the mincpu occured.
ncpus
Total number of CPUs allocated to the job.
nodelist
List of nodes in job/step.
nnodes
Number of nodes in a job or step.
ntasks
Total number of tasks in a job or step.
priority
Slurm priority.
partition
Identifies the partition on which the job ran.
qos
Name of Quality of Service.
qosraw
Id of Quality of Service.
reqcpus
Required CPUs.
reserved
How much wall clock time was used as reserved time for this job. This is derived from how long a job was waiting from eligible time to when it actually started.
resvcpu
Formatted time for how long (cpu secs) a job was reserved for.
resvcpuraw
Reserved CPUs in second format, not formatted.
start
Initiation time of the job in the same format as end.
state
Displays the job status, or state.

Output can be RUNNING, SUSPENDED, COMPLETED, CANCELLED, FAILED, TIMEOUT, or NODE_FAIL.

submit
The time and date stamp (in Universal Time Coordinated, UTC) the job was submitted. The format of the output is identical to that of the end field.
suspended
How long the job was suspended for.
SystemCPU
The amount of system CPU time used by the job or job step. The format of the output is identical to that of the elapsed field.

NOTE: SystemCPU provides a measure of the task's parent process and does not include CPU time of child processes.

timelimit
What the timelimit was/is for the job.
TotalCPU
The sum of the SystemCPU and UserCPU time used by the job or job step. The total CPU time of the job may exceed the job's elapsed time for jobs that include multiple job steps. The format of the output is identical to that of the elapsed field.

NOTE: TotalCPU provides a measure of the task's parent process and does not include CPU time of child processes.

uid
The user identifier of the user who ran the job.
user
The user name of the user who ran the job.
UserCPU
The amount of user CPU time used by the job or job step. The format of the output is identical to that of the elapsed field.

NOTE: UserCPU provides a measure of the task's parent process and does not include CPU time of child processes.

wckey
Workload Characterization Key. Arbitrary string for grouping orthogonal accounts together.
wckeyid
Reference to the wckey.

INTERPRETING THE -DUMP OPTION OUTPUT

The sacct commands --dump option displays data in a horizontal list of fields depending on the record type; there are three record types: JOB_START, JOB_STEP, and JOB_TERMINATED. There is a subsection that describes the output for each record type.

When the data output is a job accounting field, as described in the section titled "Job Accounting Fields", only the name of the job accounting field is listed. Otherwise, additional information is provided.

Note:
The output for the JOB_STEP and JOB_TERMINATED record types present a pair of fields for the following data: Total CPU time, Total User CPU time, and Total System CPU time. The first field of each pair is the time in seconds expressed as an integer. The second field of each pair is the fractional number of seconds multiplied by one million. Thus, a pair of fields output as "1 024315" means that the time is 1.024315 seconds. The least significant digits in the second field are truncated in formatted displays.

Output for the JOB_START Record Type

The following describes the horizontal fields output by the sacct --dump option for the JOB_START record type.
Field #
Field
1
job
2
partition
3
submitted
4
The jobs start time; this value is the number of non-leap seconds since the Epoch (00:00:00 UTC, January 1, 1970)
5
uid.gid
6
(Reserved)
7
JOB_START (literal string)
8
Job Record Version (1)
9
The number of fields in the record (16)
10
uid
11
gid
12
The job name
13
Batch Flag (0=no batch)
14
Relative SLURM priority
15
ncpus
16
nodes

Output for the JOB_STEP Record Type

The following describes the horizontal fields output by the sacct --dump option for the JOB_STEP record type.
Field #
Field
1
job
2
partition
3
submitted
4
The jobs start time; this value is the number of non-leap seconds since the Epoch (00:00:00 UTC, January 1, 1970)
5
uid.gid
6
(Reserved)
7
JOB_STEP (literal string)
8
Job Record Version (1)
9
The number of fields in the record (38)
10
jobid
11
end
12
Completion Status; the mnemonics, which may appear in uppercase or lowercase, are as follows:
CA
Cancelled
CD
Completed successfully
F
Failed
NF
Job terminated from node failure
R
Running
S
Suspended
TO
Timed out
13
exitcode
14
ntasks
15
ncpus
16
elapsed time in seconds expressed as an integer
17
Integer portion of the Total CPU time in seconds for all processes
18
Fractional portion of the Total CPU time for all processes expressed in microseconds
19
Integer portion of the Total User CPU time in seconds for all processes
20
Fractional portion of the Total User CPU time for all processes expressed in microseconds
21
Integer portion of the Total System CPU time in seconds for all processes
22
Fractional portion of the Total System CPU time for all processes expressed in microseconds
23
rss
24
ixrss
25
idrss
26
isrss
27
minflt
28
majflt
29
nswap
30
inblocks
31
outblocks
32
msgsnd
33
msgrcv
34
nsignals
35
nvcsw
36
nivcsw
37
vsize

Output for the JOB_TERMINATED Record Type

The following describes the horizontal fields output by the sacct --dump option for the JOB_TERMINATED (literal string) record type.
Field #
Field
1
job
2
partition
3
submitted
4
The jobs start time; this value is the number of non-leap seconds since the Epoch (00:00:00 UTC, January 1, 1970)
5
uid.gid
6
(Reserved)
7
JOB_TERMINATED (literal string)
8
Job Record Version (1)
9
The number of fields in the record (38)
Although thirty-eight fields are displayed by the sacct command for the JOB_TERMINATED record, only fields 1 through 12 are recorded in the actual data file; the sacct command aggregates the remainder.
10
The total elapsed time in seconds for the job.
11
end
12
Completion Status; the mnemonics, which may appear in uppercase or lowercase, are as follows:
CA
Cancelled
CD
Completed successfully
F
Failed
NF
Job terminated from node failure
R
Running
TO
Timed out
13
exitcode
14
ntasks
15
ncpus
16
elapsed time in seconds expressed as an integer
17
Integer portion of the Total CPU time in seconds for all processes
18
Fractional portion of the Total CPU time for all processes expressed in microseconds
19
Integer portion of the Total User CPU time in seconds for all processes
20
Fractional portion of the Total User CPU time for all processes expressed in microseconds
21
Integer portion of the Total System CPU time in seconds for all processes
22
Fractional portion of the Total System CPU time for all processes expressed in microseconds
23
rss
24
ixrss
25
idrss
26
isrss
27
minflt
28
majflt
29
nswap
30
inblocks
31
outblocks
32
msgsnd
33
msgrcv
34
nsignals
35
nvcsw
36
nivcsw
37
vsize

EXAMPLES

This example illustrates the default invocation of the sacct command:

 # sacct
 Jobid      Jobname    Partition    Account AllocCPUS State     ExitCode
 ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- --------
 2          script01   srun       acct1               1 RUNNING           0
 3          script02   srun       acct1               1 RUNNING           0
 4          endscript  srun       acct1               1 RUNNING           0
 4.0                   srun       acct1               1 COMPLETED         0
 
 

This example shows the same job accounting information with the brief option.


 # sacct --brief
 Jobid      Status     Exitcode
 ---------- ---------- --------
 2          RUNNING           0
 3          RUNNING           0
 4          RUNNING           0
 4.0        COMPLETED         0
 

 # sacct --allocations
 Jobid      Jobname    Partition Account    AllocCPUS  State     Exitcode
 ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ------- ---------- --------
 3          sja_init   andy       acct1            1 COMPLETED         0
 4          sjaload    andy       acct1            2 COMPLETED         0
 5          sja_scr1   andy       acct1            1 COMPLETED         0
 6          sja_scr2   andy       acct1           18 COMPLETED         2
 7          sja_scr3   andy       acct1           18 COMPLETED         0
 8          sja_scr5   andy       acct1            2 COMPLETED         0
 9          sja_scr7   andy       acct1           90 COMPLETED         1
 10         endscript  andy       acct1          186 COMPLETED         0
 
 

This example demonstrates the ability to customize the output of the sacct command. The fields are displayed in the order designated on the command line.


 # sacct --fields=jobid,ncpus,ntasks,nsignals,status
 Jobid     Elapsed    Ncpus     Ntasks   Status
 ---------- ---------- ---------- -------- ----------
 3            00:01:30          2        1 COMPLETED
 3.0          00:01:30          2        1 COMPLETED
 4            00:00:00          2        2 COMPLETED
 4.0          00:00:01          2        2 COMPLETED
 5            00:01:23          2        1 COMPLETED
 5.0          00:01:31          2        1 COMPLETED
 
 

COPYING

Copyright (C) 2005-2007 Copyright Hewlett-Packard Development Company L.P.

Copyright (C) 2008-2009 Lawrence Livermore National Security. Produced at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (cf, DISCLAIMER). CODE-OCEC-09-009. All rights reserved.

This file is part of SLURM, a resource management program. For details, see <https://computing.llnl.gov/linux/slurm/>.

SLURM is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

SLURM is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.

FILES

/etc/slurm.conf
Entries to this file enable job accounting and designate the job accounting log file that collects system job accounting.
/var/log/slurm_accounting.log
The default job accounting log file. By default, this file is set to read and write permission for root only.

SEE ALSO

sstat(1), ps(1), srun(1), squeue(1), getrusage(2), time(2)
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Je vous invite a consulter dans un premier temps le french-Howto.
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