Rechercher une page de manuel

Chercher une autre page de manuel:

v.sample

Langue: en

Autres versions - même langue

Version: 369069 (fedora - 01/12/10)

Section: 1 (Commandes utilisateur)

NAME

v.sample - Samples a raster map at vector point locations.

KEYWORDS

vector

SYNOPSIS

v.sample
v.sample help
v.sample [-bcq] input=name column=string output=name raster=name [z=float] [--overwrite] [--verbose] [--quiet]

Flags:

-b

Bilinear interpolation (default is nearest neighbor)
-c

Cubic convolution interpolation [default is nearest neighbor]
-q

Quiet
--overwrite

Allow output files to overwrite existing files
--verbose

Verbose module output
--quiet

Quiet module output

Parameters:

input=name

Vector map defining sample points
column=string

Vector map attribute column to use for comparison
output=name

Vector map to store differences
raster=name

Raster map to be sampled
z=float

Option scaling factor for values read from raster map. Sampled values will be multiplied by this factor
Default: 1.0

DESCRIPTION

v.sample samples a GRASS raster map at the point locations in the input file by either cubic convolution interpolation, bilinear interpolation, or nearest neighbor sampling (default).

This program may be especially useful when sampling for cross validation of interpolations whose output is a raster map.

NOTES

The output points will have the easting and northing of the input points. The input category value is used. The input attribute, raster value and difference is written to output.

When NULL values are encountered for a cell, zero value is used instead. In these cases, more acurrate results may be obtained by using the default nearest neighbor comparisons.

This program may not work properly with lat-long data when the -BC flags are used.

When interpolation is done (i.e., the -BC flags are used), values are assumed to be located at the centroid of grid cells. Therefore, current resolution settings are important.

EXAMPLE

Comparison of "elevation.dem" and "elevation.10m" Spearfish maps at random places:
#generate random points:

 v.random output=random n=100
#add table with one column:

 v.db.addtable random col="el10 double"
#transfer elevations at random points into table:

 v.what.rast rast=elevation.10m vect=random col=el10
#verify:

 v.db.select random

#generate sampling from other elevation map:

 v.sample in=random col=el10 rast=elevation.dem out=elev_sample

#verify:

 v.db.select elev_sample

#univariate statistics of differences between elevation maps:

 v.univar elev_sample col=diff type=point

SEE ALSO

v.random, g.region Image Sampling Methods - GRASS Tutorial on s.sample (available as s.sample-tutorial.ps.gz)

AUTHOR

James Darrell McCauley
when he was at: Agricultural Engineering Purdue University

Updated for GRASS 5.0 by Eric G. Miller
Updated for GRASS 5.7 by Radim Blazek

Last changed: $Date: 2007-03-20 07:24:10 +0100 (Tue, 20 Mar 2007) $

Full index

© 2003-2008 GRASS Development Team

La femme coquette est l'agrément des autres et le mal de qui la possède.
-+- Voltaire -+-