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MPI_Bcast

Langue: en

Version: 173168 (fedora - 06/07/09)

Autres sections - même nom

Section: 4 (Pilotes et protocoles réseau)

NAME

MPI_Bcast - Broadcasts a message from the process with rank "root" to all other processes of the communicator

SYNOPSIS

 int MPI_Bcast( void *buffer, int count, MPI_Datatype datatype, int root, 
                MPI_Comm comm )
 

INPUT/OUTPUT PARAMETER

buffer
- starting address of buffer (choice)

INPUT PARAMETERS

count
- number of entries in buffer (integer)
datatype
- data type of buffer (handle)
root
- rank of broadcast root (integer)
comm
- communicator (handle)

THREAD AND INTERRUPT SAFETY

This routine is thread-safe. This means that this routine may be safely used by multiple threads without the need for any user-provided thread locks. However, the routine is not interrupt safe. Typically, this is due to the use of memory allocation routines such as malloc or other non-MPICH runtime routines that are themselves not interrupt-safe.

NOTES FOR FORTRAN

All MPI routines in Fortran (except for MPI_WTIME and MPI_WTICK ) have an additional argument ierr at the end of the argument list. ierr is an integer and has the same meaning as the return value of the routine in C. In Fortran, MPI routines are subroutines, and are invoked with the call statement.

All MPI objects (e.g., MPI_Datatype , MPI_Comm ) are of type INTEGER in Fortran.

ERRORS

All MPI routines (except MPI_Wtime and MPI_Wtick ) return an error value; C routines as the value of the function and Fortran routines in the last argument. Before the value is returned, the current MPI error handler is called. By default, this error handler aborts the MPI job. The error handler may be changed with MPI_Comm_set_errhandler (for communicators), MPI_File_set_errhandler (for files), and MPI_Win_set_errhandler (for RMA windows). The MPI-1 routine MPI_Errhandler_set may be used but its use is deprecated. The predefined error handler MPI_ERRORS_RETURN may be used to cause error values to be returned. Note that MPI does not guarentee that an MPI program can continue past an error; however, MPI implementations will attempt to continue whenever possible.

MPI_SUCCESS
- No error; MPI routine completed successfully.
MPI_ERR_COMM
- Invalid communicator. A common error is to use a null communicator in a call (not even allowed in MPI_Comm_rank ).
MPI_ERR_COUNT
- Invalid count argument. Count arguments must be non-negative; a count of zero is often valid.
MPI_ERR_TYPE
- Invalid datatype argument. May be an uncommitted MPI_Datatype (see MPI_Type_commit ).
MPI_ERR_BUFFER
- Invalid buffer pointer. Usually a null buffer where one is not valid.
MPI_ERR_ROOT
- Invalid root. The root must be specified as a rank in the communicator. Ranks must be between zero and the size of the communicator minus one.

LOCATION

bcast.c
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