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dummynet.4freebsd

Langue: en

Version: 300578 (debian - 07/07/09)

Section: 4 (Pilotes et protocoles réseau)


BSD mandoc

NAME

dummynet - traffic shaper, bandwidth manager and delay emulator

DESCRIPTION

The system facility permits the control of traffic going through the various network interfaces, by applying bandwidth and queue size limitations, implementing different scheduling and queue management policies, and emulating delays and losses.

The user interface for is implemented by the ipfw(8) utility, so please refer to the ipfw(8) manpage for a complete description of the capabilities and how to use it.

Kernel Options

The following options in the kernel configuration file are related to operation:
IPFIREWALL
enable ipfirewall (required for )
IPFIREWALL_VERBOSE
enable firewall output
IPFIREWALL_VERBOSE_LIMIT
limit firewall output
DUMMYNET
enable operation
HZ
set the timer granularity

Generally, the following options are required:

 options IPFIREWALL
 options DUMMYNET
 options HZ=1000         # strongly recommended
 

Additionally, one may want to increase the number of mbuf clusters (used to store network packets) according to the sum of the bandwidth-delay products and queue sizes of all configured pipes.

SEE ALSO

setsockopt(2), if_bridge4, ip(4), ipfw(8), sysctl(8)

HISTORY

The facility was initially implemented as a testing tool for TCP congestion control by An Luigi Rizzo Aq luigi@iet.unipi.it , as described on ACM Computer Communication Review, Jan.97 issue. Later it has been modified to work at the IP and bridging levels, integrated with the ipfw(4) packet filter, and extended to support multiple queueing and scheduling policies.
J'habite Boulogne-sur-mer, et les rumeurs vont bon train concernant une prochaine chute des cours du poisson. Aussi, d'ici quelques mois je ne manquerai pas d'entendre crier sur le port :
« 1 EURO, MA MORUE, 1 ! »
-- Schmitter, Frédéric