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natm.4freebsd

Langue: en

Version: 300670 (debian - 07/07/09)

Section: 4 (Pilotes et protocoles réseau)


BSD mandoc

NAME

natm - Native Mode ATM protocol layer

DESCRIPTION

The BSD ATM software comes with a native mode ATM protocol layer which provides socket level access to AAL0 and AAL5 virtual circuits. To enable this protocol layer, add
options NATM
to your kernel configuration file and re-make the kernel (do not forget to do ``make clean )''

NATM API

The NATM layer uses a Vt struct sockaddr_natm to specify a virtual circuit:
 struct sockaddr_natm {
   u_int8_t      snatm_len;              /* length */
   u_int8_t      snatm_family;           /* AF_NATM */
   char          snatm_if[IFNAMSIZ];     /* interface name */
   u_int16_t     snatm_vci;              /* vci */
   u_int8_t      snatm_vpi;              /* vpi */
 };
 

To create an AAL5 connection to a virtual circuit with VPI 0, VCI 201 one would use the following:

   struct sockaddr_natm snatm;
   int s, r;
   s = socket(AF_NATM, SOCK_STREAM, PROTO_NATMAAL5);
                        /* note: PROTO_NATMAAL0 is AAL0 */
   if (s < 0) { perror("socket"); exit(1); }
   bzero(&snatm, sizeof(snatm));
   snatm.snatm_len = sizeof(snatm);
   snatm.snatm_family = AF_NATM;
   sprintf(snatm.snatm_if, "en0");
   snatm.snatm_vci = 201;
   snatm.snatm_vpi = 0;
   r = connect(s, (struct sockaddr *)&snatm, sizeof(snatm));
   if (r < 0) { perror("connect"); exit(1); }
   /* s now connected to ATM! */
 

The Fn socket call simply creates an unconnected NATM socket. The Fn connect call associates an unconnected NATM socket with a virtual circuit and tells the driver to enable that virtual circuit for receiving data. After the Fn connect call one can Fn read or Fn write to the socket to perform ATM I/O.

Internal NATM operation

Internally, the NATM protocol layer keeps a list of all active virtual circuits on the system in natm_pcbs This includes circuits currently being used for IP to prevent NATM and IP from clashing over virtual circuit usage.

When a virtual circuit is enabled for receiving data, the NATM protocol layer passes the address of the protocol control block down to the driver as a receive ``handle'' When inbound data arrives, the driver passes the data back with the appropriate receive handle. The NATM layer uses this to avoid the overhead of a protocol control block lookup. This allows us to take advantage of the fact that ATM has already demultiplexed the data for us.

CAVEATS

The NATM protocol support is subject to change as the ATM protocols develop. Users should not depend on details of the current implementation, but rather the services exported.

SEE ALSO

en(4), fatm(4), hatm(4), natmip(4), patm(4)

AUTHORS

An Chuck Cranor of Washington University implemented the NATM protocol layer along with the EN ATM driver in 1996 for Nx .
Le désir de paraître habile empêche souvent de le devenir.
-+- François de La Rochefoucauld (1613-1680), Maximes 199 -+-