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Version: 09/14/2010 (ubuntu - 25/10/10)

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Section: 8 (Commandes administrateur)


samba - server to provide filesharing- and directory services to clients


samba [-i] [-M model]


This program is part of the samba(7) suite.

samba is the server daemon that provides filesharing and directory services to Windows clients. The server provides filespace and directory services to clients using the SMB (or CIFS) protocol and other related protocols such as DCE/RPC, LDAP and Kerberos.

Clients supported include MSCLIENT 3.0 for DOS, Windows for Workgroups, Windows 95/98/ME, Windows NT, Windows 2000/XP/2003, OS/2, DAVE for Macintosh, and cifsfs for Linux.

An extensive description of the services that the server can provide is given in the man page for the configuration file controlling the attributes of those services (see smb.conf(5). This man page will not describe the services, but will concentrate on the administrative aspects of running the server.

Please note that there are significant security implications to running this server, and the smb.conf(5) manual page should be regarded as mandatory reading before proceeding with installation.

As of Samba 4, there is a single daemon that incorporates the functionality of both smbd and nmbd that are present in older versions of Samba.



If this parameter is specified it causes the server to run "interactively", not as a daemon, even if the server is executed on the command line of a shell. Setting this parameter negates the implicit deamon mode when run from the command line. samba also logs to standard output, as if the -S parameter had been given.

-M model

This parameter can be used to specify the "process model" samba should use. This determines how concurrent clients are handled. Available process models include single (everything in a single process), standard (similar behaviour to that of Samba 3), thread (single process, different threads.



or whatever initialization script your system uses).
If running the server as a daemon at startup, this file will need to contain an appropriate startup sequence for the server.


If running the server via the meta-daemon inetd, this file must contain a mapping of service name (e.g., netbios-ssn) to service port (e.g., 139) and protocol type (e.g., tcp).


This is the default location of the smb.conf(5) server configuration file. Other common places that systems install this file are /usr/samba/lib/smb.conf and /etc/samba/smb.conf.
This file describes all the services the server is to make available to clients. See smb.conf(5) for more information.


This man page is correct for version 4 of the Samba suite.


Most diagnostics issued by the server are logged in a specified log file. The log file name is specified at compile time, but may be overridden on the command line.

The number and nature of diagnostics available depends on the debug level used by the server. If you have problems, set the debug level to 3 and peruse the log files.

Most messages are reasonably self-explanatory. Unfortunately, at the time this man page was created, there are too many diagnostics available in the source code to warrant describing each and every diagnostic. At this stage your best bet is still to grep the source code and inspect the conditions that gave rise to the diagnostics you are seeing.


hosts_access(5) smb.conf(5), smbclient(1), testparm(1), and the Internet RFC's rfc1001.txt, rfc1002.txt. In addition the CIFS (formerly SMB) specification is available as a link from the Web page m[blue][][1].


The original Samba software and related utilities were created by Andrew Tridgell. Samba is now developed by the Samba Team as an Open Source project similar to the way the Linux kernel is developed.