Langue: en

Version: 312161 (ubuntu - 07/07/09)

Section: 1 (Commandes utilisateur)


salloc - Obtain a SLURM job allocation (a set of nodes), execute a command, and then release the allocation when the command is finished.


salloc [options] [<command> [command args]]


salloc is used to allocate a SLURM job allocation, which is a set of resources (nodes), possibly with some set of constraints (e.g. number of processors per node). When salloc successfully obtains the requested allocation, it then runs the command specified by the user. Finally, when the user specified command is complete, salloc relinquishes the job allocation.

The command may be any program the user wishes. Some typical commands are xterm, a shell script containing srun commands, and srun (see the EXAMPLES section). If no command is specified, then the value of SallocDefaultCommand in slurm.conf is used. If SallocDefaultCommand is not set, then salloc runs the user's default shell.


Define the job accounting sampling interval. This can be used to override the JobAcctGatherFrequency parameter in SLURM's configuration file, slurm.conf. A value of zero disables real the periodic job sampling and provides accounting information only on job termination (reducing SLURM interference with the job).
-B --extra-node-info=sockets[:cores[:threads]]
Request a specific allocation of resources with details as to the number and type of computational resources within a cluster: number of sockets (or physical processors) per node, cores per socket, and threads per core. The total amount of resources being requested is the product of all of the terms. As with --nodes, each value can be a single number or a range (e.g. min-max). An asterisk (*) can be used as a placeholder indicating that all available resources of that type are to be utilized. As with nodes, the individual levels can also be specified in separate options if desired:
When the task/affinity plugin is enabled, specifying an allocation in this manner also instructs SLURM to use a CPU affinity mask to guarantee the request is filled as specified. NOTE: Support for these options are configuration dependent. The task/affinity plugin must be configured. In addition either select/linear or select/cons_res plugin must be configured. If select/cons_res is configured, it must have a parameter of CR_Core, CR_Core_Memory, CR_Socket, or CR_Socket_Memory.
Submit the batch script to the SLURM controller immediately, like normal, but tell the controller to defer the allocation of the job until the specified time.

Time may be of the form HH:MM:SS to run a job at a specific time of day (seconds are optional). (If that time is already past, the next day is assumed.) You may also specify midnight, noon, or teatime (4pm) and you can have a time-of-day suffixed with AM or PM for running in the morning or the evening. You can also say what day the job will be run, by specifying a date of the form MMDDYY or MM/DD/YY or MM.DD.YY. You can also give times like now + count time-units, where the time-units can be minutes, hours, days, or weeks and you can tell SLURM to run the job today with the keyword today and to run the job tomorrow with the keyword tomorrow. The value may be changed after job submission using the scontrol command.

Force salloc to ring the terminal bell when the job allocation is granted (and only if stdout is a tty). By default, salloc only rings the bell if the allocation is pending for more than ten seconds (and only if stdout is a tty). Also see the option --no-bell.
-C, --constraint[=]<list>
Specify a list of constraints. The constraints are features that have been assigned to the nodes by the slurm administrator. The list of constraints may include multiple features separated by ampersand (AND) and/or vertical bar (OR) operators. For example: --constraint="opteron&video" or --constraint="fast|faster". In the first example, only nodes having both the feature "opteron" AND the feature "video" will be used. There is no mechanism to specify that you want one node with feature "opteron" and another node with feature "video" in that case that no node has both features. If only one of a set of possible options should be used for all allocated nodes, then use the OR operator and enclose the options within square brackets. For example: "--constraint="[rack1|rack2|rack3|rack4]" might be used to specify that all nodes must be allocated on a single rack of the cluster, but any of those four racks can be used. A request can also specify the number of nodes needed with some feature by appending an asterisk and count after the feature name. For example "salloc --nodes=16 --constraint=graphics*4 ..." indicates that the job requires 16 nodes at that at least four of those nodes must have the feature "graphics." Constraints with node counts may only be combined with AND operators. If no nodes have the requested features, then the job will be rejected by the slurm job manager.
An arbitrary comment.
Demand a contiguous range of nodes. The default is "yes". Specify --contiguous=no if a contiguous range of nodes is not required.
-c, --cpus-per-task[=]<ncpus>
Advise the SLURM controller that ensuing job steps will require ncpus number of processors per task. Without this option, the controller will just try to allocate one processor per task.

For instance, consider an application that has 4 tasks, each requiring 3 processors. If our cluster is comprised of quad-processors nodes and we simply ask for 12 processors, the controller might give us only 3 nodes. However, by using the --cpus-per-task=3 options, the controller knows that each task requires 3 processors on the same node, and the controller will grant an allocation of 4 nodes, one for each of the 4 tasks.

-D, --chdir=path
change directory to path before beginning execution.
The job allocation cannot share nodes with other running jobs. This is the oposite of --share, whichever option is seen last on the command line will win. (The default shared/exclusive behaviour depends on system configuration.)
-F, --nodefile[=]<node file>
Much like --nodelist, but the list is contained in a file of name node file. The node names of the list may also span multiple lines in the file. Duplicate node names in the file will be ignored. The order of the node names in the list is not important; the node names will be sorted my SLURM.
This option will load login environment variables for the user specified in the --uid option. The environment variables are retrieved by running something of this sort "su - <username> -c /usr/bin/env" and parsing the output. Be aware that any environment variables already set in salloc's environment will take precedence over any environment variables in the user's login environment. The optional timeout value is in seconds. Default value is 3 seconds. The optional mode value control the "su" options. With a mode value of "S", "su" is executed without the "-" option. With a mode value of "L", "su" is executed with the "-" option, replicating the login environment. If mode not specified, the mode established at SLURM build time is used. Example of use include "--get-user-env", "--get-user-env=10" "--get-user-env=10L", and "--get-user-env=S". NOTE: This option only works if the caller has an effective uid of "root". This option was originally created for use by Moab.
If salloc is run as root, and the --gid option is used, submit the job with group's group access permissions. group may be the group name or the numerical group ID.
-h, --help
Display help information and exit.
Bind tasks according to application hints
Select settings for compute bound applications: use all cores in each physical CPU
Select settings for memory bound applications: use only one core in each physical CPU
[don't] use extra threads with in-core multi-threading which can benefit communication intensive applications help show this help message
Grab the requested resources immediately, or abort if the resources are not currently available. The command parameter will not be run if the resources are not available.
-J, --job-name[=]<jobname>
Specify a name for the job allocation. The specified name will appear along with the job id number when querying running jobs on the system. The default job name is the name of the "command" specified on the command line.
Allocate resources as the specified job id. NOTE: Only valid for user root.
-K, --kill-command[=signal]
salloc always runs a user-specified command once the allocation is granted. salloc will wait indefinitely for that command to exit. If you specify the --kill-command option salloc will send a signal to your command any time that the SLURM controller tells salloc that its job allocation has been revoked. The job allocation can be revoked for a couple of reasons: someone used scancel to revoke the allocation, or the allocation reached its time limit. If you do not specify a signal name or number, the default signal is SIGTERM.
-k, --no-kill
Do not automatically terminate a job of one of the nodes it has been allocated fails. The user will assume the responsibilities for fault-tolerance should a node fail. When there is a node failure, any active job steps (usually MPI jobs) on that node will almost certainly suffer a fatal error, but with --no-kill, the job allocation will not be revoked so the user may launch new job steps on the remaining nodes in their allocation.

By default SLURM terminates the entire job allocation if any node fails in its range of allocated nodes.

-L, --licenses=
Specification of licenses (or other resources available on all nodes of the cluster) which must be allocated to this job. License names can be followed by an asterisk and count (the default count is one). Multiple license names should be comma separated (e.g. "--licenses=foo*4,bar").
-m, --distribution=
(block|cyclic|arbitrary|plane=<options>) Specify an alternate distribution method for remote processes.
The block method of distribution will allocate processes in-order to the cpus on a node. If the number of processes exceeds the number of cpus on all of the nodes in the allocation then all nodes will be utilized. For example, consider an allocation of three nodes each with two cpus. A four-process block distribution request will distribute those processes to the nodes with processes one and two on the first node, process three on the second node, and process four on the third node. Block distribution is the default behavior if the number of tasks exceeds the number of nodes requested.
The cyclic method distributes processes in a round-robin fashion across the allocated nodes. That is, process one will be allocated to the first node, process two to the second, and so on. This is the default behavior if the number of tasks is no larger than the number of nodes requested.
The tasks are distributed in blocks of a specified size. The options include a number representing the size of the task block. This is followed by an optional specification of the task distribution scheme within a block of tasks and between the blocks of tasks. For more details (including examples and diagrams), please see and
The arbitrary method of distribution will allocate processes in-order as listed in file designated by the environment variable SLURM_HOSTFILE. If this variable is listed it will over ride any other method specified. If not set the method will default to block. Inside the hostfile must contain at minimum the number of hosts requested. If requesting tasks (-n) your tasks will be laid out on the nodes in the order of the file.
Notify user by email when certain event types occur. Valid type values are BEGIN, END, FAIL, ALL (any state change). The user to be notified is indicated with --mail-user.
User to receive email notification of state changes as defined by --mail-type. The default value is the username of the submitting user.
Specify the real memory required per node in MegaBytes. Default value is DefMemPerNode and the maximum value is MaxMemPerNode. If configured, both of parameters can be seen using the scontrol show config command. This parameter would generally be used of whole nodes are allocated to jobs (SelectType=select/linear). Also see --mem-per-cpu. --mem and --mem-per-cpu are mutually exclusive.
Mimimum memory required per allocated CPU in MegaBytes. Default value is DefMemPerCPU and the maximum value is MaxMemPerCPU. If configured, both of parameters can be seen using the scontrol show config command. This parameter would generally be used of individual processors are allocated to jobs (SelectType=select/cons_res). Also see --mem. --mem and --mem-per-cpu are mutually exclusive.
Specify a minimum number of cores per socket.
Specify minimum number of cpus per node.
Specify a minimum number of sockets (physical processors) per node.
Specify a minimum number of threads per core.
-N, --nodes[=]<number|[min]-[max]>
Specify the number of nodes to be used by this job step. This option accepts either a single number, or a range of possible node counts. If a single number is used, such as "-N 4", then the allocation is asking for four and ONLY four nodes. If a range is specified, such as "-N 2-6", the SLURM controller may grant salloc anywhere from 2 to 6 nodes. When using a range, either of the min or max options may be omitted. For instance, "-N 10-" means "no fewer than 10 nodes", and "-N -20" means "no more than 20 nodes". The default value of this option is one node, but other options implicitly increase the default node count. The job will be allocated as many nodes as possible within the range specified and without delaying the initiation of the job. The partition's node limits supersede those of the job. If a job's node limits are outside of the range permitted for its associated partition, the job will be left in a PENDING state. This permits possible execution at a later time, when the partition limit is changed. If a job node limit exceeds the number of nodes configured in the partition, the job will be rejected.
-n, --ntasks[=]<number>
salloc does not launch tasks, it requests an allocation of resources and executed some command. This option advises the SLURM controller that job steps run within this allocation will launch a maximum of number tasks and sufficient resources are allocated to accomplish this. The default is one task per socket or core (depending upon the value of the SelectTypeParameters parameter in slurm.conf), but note that the --cpus-per-task option will change this default.
Specify the communication protocol to be used. This option is supported on AIX systems. Since POE is used to launch tasks, this option is not normally used or is specified using the SLURM_NETWORK environment variable. The interpretation of type is system dependent. For systems with an IBM Federation switch, the following comma-separated and case insensitive types are recongnized: IP (the default is user-space), SN_ALL, SN_SINGLE, BULK_XFER and adapter names (e.g. SNI0 and SNI1). For more information, on IBM systems see poe documenation on the environment variables MP_EUIDEVICE and MP_USE_BULK_XFER. Note that only four jobs steps may be active at once on a node with the BULK_XFER option due to limitations in the Federation switch driver.
Run the job with an adjusted scheduling priority within SLURM. With no adjustment value the scheduling priority is decreased by 100. The adjustment range is from -10000 (highest priority) to 10000 (lowest priority). Only privileged users can specify a negative adjustment. NOTE: This option is presently ignored if SchedulerType=sched/wiki or SchedulerType=sched/wiki2.
Request that no more than ntasks be invoked on each core. Similar to --ntasks-per-node except at the core level instead of the node level. Masks will automatically be generated to bind the tasks to specific core unless --cpu_bind=none is specified. NOTE: This option is not supported unless SelectType=CR_Core or SelectType=CR_Core_Memory is configured.
Request that no more than ntasks be invoked on each socket. Similar to --ntasks-per-node except at the socket level instead of the node level. Masks will automatically be generated to bind the tasks to specific sockets unless --cpu_bind=none is specified. NOTE: This option is not supported unless SelectType=CR_Socket or SelectType=CR_Socket_Memory is configured.
Request that no more than ntasks be invoked on each node. This is similar to using --cpus-per-task=ncpus but does not require knowledge of the actual number of cpus on each node. In some cases, it is more convenient to be able to request that no more than a specific number of ntasks be invoked on each node. Examples of this include submitting a hybrid MPI/OpenMP app where only one MPI "task/rank" should be assigned to each node while allowing the OpenMP portion to utilize all of the parallelism present in the node, or submitting a single setup/cleanup/monitoring job to each node of a pre-existing allocation as one step in a larger job script.
Silence salloc's use of the terminal bell. Also see the option --bell.
immediately exit after allocating resources instead of spawning a shell when used with the -A, --allocate option.
-O, --overcommit
Overcommit resources. Normally, sbatch will allocate one cpu per task to be executed. By specifying --overcommit you are explicitly allowing more than one process per cpu. However no more than MAX_TASKS_PER_NODE tasks are permitted to execute per node.
-p, --partition[=]<partition name>
Request a specific partition for the resource allocation. If not specified, the default behaviour is to allow the slurm controller to select the default partition as designated by the system administrator.
-P, --dependency[=]<dependency_list>
Defer the start of this job until the specified dependencies have been satisfied completed. <dependency_list> is of the form <type:job_id[:job_id][,type:job_id[:job_id]]>. Many jobs can share the same dependency and these jobs may even belong to different users. The value may be changed after job submission using the scontrol command.
This job can begin execution after the specified jobs have begun execution.
This job can begin execution after the specified jobs have terminated.
This job can begin execution after the specified jobs have terminated in some failed state (non-zero exit code, node failure, timed out, etc).
This job can begin execution after the specified jobs have successfully executed (ran to completion with non-zero exit code).
This job can begin execution after any previously launched jobs sharing the same job name and user have terminated.
-q, --quiet
Suppress informational messages from salloc. Errors will still be displayed.
-s, --share
The job allocation can share nodes with other running jobs. (The default shared/exclusive behaviour depends on system configuration.) This may result the allocation being granted sooner than if the --share option was not set and allow higher system utilization, but application performance will likely suffer due to competition for resources within a node.
-t, --time=time
Set a limit on the total run time of the job allocation. If the requested time limit exceeds the partition's time limit, the job will be left in a PENDING state (possibly indefinitely). The default time limit is the partition's time limit. When the time limit is reached, the each task in each job step is sent SIGTERM followed by SIGKILL. The interval between signals is specified by the SLURM configuration parameter KillWait. A time limit of zero represents unlimited time. Acceptable time formats include "minutes", "minutes:seconds", "hours:minutes:seconds", "days-hours", "days-hours:minutes" and "days-hours:minutes:seconds".
Specify a minimum amount of temporary disk space.
-U, --account[=]<account>
Change resource use by this job to specified account. The account is an arbitrary string. The account name may be changed after job submission using the scontrol command.
-u, --usage
Display brief usage message and exit.
Attempt to submit and/or run a job as user instead of the invoking user id. The invoking user's credentials will be used to check access permissions for the target partition. User root may use this option to run jobs as a normal user in a RootOnly partition for example. If run as root, salloc will drop its permissions to the uid specified after node allocation is successful. user may be the user name or numerical user ID.
-v, --verbose
Increase the verbosity of salloc's informational messages. Multiple -v's will further increase salloc's verbosity.
-V, --version
Display version information and exit.
-W, --wait[=]<seconds>
If the resources needed to satisy a job allocation are not immediately available, the job allocation is enqueued and is said to be PENDING. This option tells salloc how long (in seconds) to wait for the allocation to be granted before giving up. When the wait limit has been reached, salloc will exit without running the command parameter. By default, salloc will wait indefinitely. (The --immediate option makes --wait moot.)
-w, --nodelist[=]<node name list>
Request a specific list of node names. The list may be specified as a comma-separated list of node names, or a range of node names (e.g. mynode[1-5,7,...]). Duplicate node names in the list will be ignored. The order of the node names in the list is not important; the node names will be sorted my SLURM.
Specify wckey to be used with job. If TrackWCKey=no (default) in the slurm.conf this value does not get looked at.
-x, --exclude[=]<node name list>
Explicitly exclude certain nodes from the resources granted to the job.

The following options support Blue Gene systems, but may be applicable to other systems as well.

Require the partition connection type to be of a certain type. On Blue Gene the acceptable of type are MESH, TORUS and NAV. If NAV, or if not set, then SLURM will try to fit a TORUS else MESH. You should not normally set this option. SLURM will normally allocate a TORUS if possible for a given geometry.
-g, --geometry[=]<XxYxZ>
Specify the geometry requirements for the job. The three numbers represent the required geometry giving dimensions in the X, Y and Z directions. For example "--geometry=2x3x4", specifies a block of nodes having 2 x 3 x 4 = 24 nodes (actually base partitions on Blue Gene).
-R, --no-rotate
Disables rotation of the job's requested geometry in order to fit an appropriate partition. By default the specified geometry can rotate in three dimensions.
Force the allocated nodes to reboot before starting the job.


Upon startup, salloc will read and handle the options set in the following environment variables. Note: Command line options always override environment variables settings.

Same as --account.
Same as --acctg-freq.
Same as --bell.
Same as --conn-type.
Same as -v or --verbose.
Same as --exclusive.
Same as -g or --geometry.
Same as -I or --immediate.
Same as --jobid.
Same as --network.
Same as --no-bell.
Same as -R or --no-rotate.
Same as -O, --overcommit
Same as -p or --partition.
Same as -t or --time.
Same as -W or --wait.


salloc will set the following environment variables in the environment of the executed program:

SLURM_JOB_ID (and SLURM_JOBID for backwards compatibility)
The ID of the job allocation.
Count of processors available to the job on this node. Note the select/linear plugin allocates entire nodes to jobs, so the value indicates the total count of CPUs on each node. The select/cons_res plugin allocates individual processors to jobs, so this number indicates the number of processors on each node allocated to the job allocation.
SLURM_JOB_NODELIST (and SLURM_NODELIST for backwards compatibility)
List of nodes allocated to the job.
SLURM_JOB_NUM_NODES (and SLURM_NNODES for backwards compatibility)
Total number of nodes in the job allocation.
Number of tasks to be initiated on each node. Values are comma separated and in the same order as SLURM_NODELIST. If two or more consecutive nodes are to have the same task count, that count is followed by "(x#)" where "#" is the repetition count. For example, "SLURM_TASKS_PER_NODE=2(x3),1" indicates that the first three nodes will each execute three tasks and the fourth node will execute one task.
Do not allocate a block on Blue Gene systems only.
Do not free a block on Blue Gene systems only.
The block name on Blue Gene systems only.


While salloc is waiting for a PENDING job allocation, most signals will cause salloc to revoke the allocation request and exit.

However, if the allocation has been granted and salloc has already started the command specified in its command line parameters salloc will ignore most signals. salloc will not exit or release the allocation until the command exits. The notable exception is SIGHUP; a HUP signal will cause salloc to release the allocation and exit without waiting for the command to finish.


To get an allocation, and open a new xterm in which srun commands may be typed interactively:

$ salloc -N16 xterm
salloc: Granted job allocation 65537
(at this point the xterm appears, and salloc waits for xterm to exit)
salloc: Relinquishing job allocation 65537

To grab an allocation of nodes and launch a parallel application on one command line (See the salloc man page for more examples):

salloc -N5 srun -n10 myprogram


Copyright (C) 2006-2007 The Regents of the University of California. Copyright (C) 2008 Lawrence Livermore National Security. Produced at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (cf, DISCLAIMER). LLNL-CODE-402394.

This file is part of SLURM, a resource management program. For details, see <>.

SLURM is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

SLURM is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.


sinfo(1), sattach(1), sbatch(1), squeue(1), scancel(1), scontrol(1), slurm.conf(5), sched_setaffinity(2), numa(3)