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beakerlib-beakerlib

Langue: en

Version: 2010-05-12 (fedora - 01/12/10)

Section: 1 (Commandes utilisateur)

NAME

BeakerLib - a shell-level integration testing library

DESCRIPTION

BeakerLib is a shell-level integration testing library, providing convenience functions which simplify writing, running and analysis of integration and blackbox tests.

The essential features include:

*
Journal - uniform logging mechanism (logs & results saved in flexible XML format, easy to compare results & generate reports)
*
Phases - logical grouping of test actions, clear separation of setup / test / cleanup (preventing false fails)
*
Asserts - common checks affecting the overall results of the individual phases (checking for exit codes, file existence & content...)
*
Helpers - convenience functions for common operations such as managing services, backup & restore

The main script sets the "BEAKERLIB" variable and sources other scripts where the actual functions are defined. You should source it at the beginning of your test with:

     . /usr/lib/beakerlib/beakerlib.sh
 
 

See the EXAMPLES section for quick start inspiration.

EXAMPLES

Simple

A minimal BeakerLib test can look like this:
     . /usr/lib/beakerlib/beakerlib.sh
 
     rlJournalStart
         rlPhaseStartTest
             rlAssertRpm "setup"
             rlAssertExists "/etc/passwd"
             rlAssertGrep "root" "/etc/passwd"
         rlPhaseEnd
     rlJournalEnd
 
 

Phases

Here comes a bit more interesting example of a test which sets all the recommended variables and makes use of the phases:
     # Include the BeakerLib environment
     . /usr/lib/beakerlib/beakerlib.sh
 
     # Set the full test name
     TEST="/examples/beakerlib/Sanity/phases"
 
     # Package being tested
     PACKAGE="coreutils"
 
     rlJournalStart
         # Setup phase: Prepare test directory
         rlPhaseStartSetup
             rlAssertRpm $PACKAGE
             rlRun "TmpDir=\`mktemp -d\`" 0 "Creating tmp directory"
             rlRun "pushd $TmpDir"
         rlPhaseEnd
 
         # Test phase: Testing touch, ls and rm commands
         rlPhaseStartTest
             rlRun "touch foo" 0 "Creating the foo test file"
             rlAssertExists "foo"
             rlRun "ls -l foo" 0 "Listing the foo test file"
             rlRun "rm foo" 0 "Removing the foo test file"
             rlAssertNotExists "foo"
             rlRun "ls -l foo" 2 "Listing foo should now report an error"
         rlPhaseEnd
 
         # Cleanup phase: Remove test directory
         rlPhaseStartCleanup
             rlRun "popd"
             rlRun "rm -r $TmpDir" 0 "Removing tmp directory"
         rlPhaseEnd
     rlJournalEnd
 
     # Print the test report
     rlJournalPrintText
 
 

The ouput of the rlJournalPrintText command would produce an output similar to the following:

     ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
     :: [   LOG    ] :: TEST PROTOCOL
     ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
 
     :: [   LOG    ] :: Test run ID   : debugging
     :: [   LOG    ] :: Package       : coreutils
     :: [   LOG    ] :: Installed:    : coreutils-7.6-9.fc12.i686
     :: [   LOG    ] :: Test started  : 2010-02-08 14:55:44
     :: [   LOG    ] :: Test finished : 2010-02-08 14:55:50
     :: [   LOG    ] :: Test name     : /examples/beakerlib/Sanity/phases
     :: [   LOG    ] :: Distro:       : Fedora release 12 (Constantine)
     :: [   LOG    ] :: Hostname      : localhost
     :: [   LOG    ] :: Architecture  : i686
 
     ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
     :: [   LOG    ] :: Test description
     ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
 
     PURPOSE of /examples/beakerlib/Sanity/phases
     Description: Testing BeakerLib phases
     Author: Petr Splichal <psplicha@redhat.com>
 
     This example shows how the phases work in the BeakerLib on a
     trivial smoke test for the "touch", "ls" and "rm" commands from
     the coreutils package.
 
 
     ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
     :: [   LOG    ] :: Setup
     ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
 
     :: [   PASS   ] :: Checking for the presence of coreutils rpm
     :: [   PASS   ] :: Creating tmp directory
     :: [   PASS   ] :: Running 'pushd /tmp/tmp.IcluQu5GVS'
     :: [   LOG    ] :: Duration: 0s
     :: [   LOG    ] :: Assertions: 3 good, 0 bad
     :: [   PASS   ] :: RESULT: Setup
 
     ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
     :: [   LOG    ] :: Test
     ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
 
     :: [   PASS   ] :: Creating the foo test file
     :: [   PASS   ] :: File foo should exist
     :: [   PASS   ] :: Listing the foo test file
     :: [   PASS   ] :: Removing the foo test file
     :: [   PASS   ] :: File foo should not exist
     :: [   PASS   ] :: Listing foo should now report an error
     :: [   LOG    ] :: Duration: 1s
     :: [   LOG    ] :: Assertions: 6 good, 0 bad
     :: [   PASS   ] :: RESULT: Test
 
     ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
     :: [   LOG    ] :: Cleanup
     ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
 
     :: [   PASS   ] :: Running 'popd'
     :: [   PASS   ] :: Removing tmp directory
     :: [   LOG    ] :: Duration: 1s
     :: [   LOG    ] :: Assertions: 2 good, 0 bad
     :: [   PASS   ] :: RESULT: Cleanup
 
 

Note that the detailed test description is read from a separate file PURPOSE placed in the same directory as the test itself.

Project Page
https://fedorahosted.org/beakerlib/
Manual
https://fedorahosted.org/beakerlib/wiki/Manual
Reporting bugs
TODO

AUTHORS

*
Petr Muller <pmuller@redhat.com>
*
Ondrej Hudlicky <ohudlick@redhat.com>
*
Jan Hutar <jhutar@redhat.com>
*
Petr Splichal <psplicha@redhat.com>
*
Ales Zelinka <azelinka@redhat.com>
COTON-TIGE

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M : C'est pas de la saleté, c'est mon tatouage...
P : Pourquoi tu t'es fait tatouer une croûte de pus dans l'oreille ?