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cipux_storage_client.1p

Langue: en

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Version: 2010-05-09 (ubuntu - 24/10/10)

Section: 1 (Commandes utilisateur)

NAME

cipux_storage_client - Command line interface to CipUX storage abstraction layer

VERSION

version 3.4.0.2

USAGE

  (1) cipux_storage_client -h
  (2) cipux_storage_client [OPT] -t get_value      -s <TYPE> -o <OBJ> -y <ATTR> [-y <ATTR>]
  (3) cipux_storage_client [OPT] -t get_all_values -s <TYPE>          -y <ATTR> [-y <ATTR>]
  (4) cipux_storage_client [OPT] -t set_value [-r] -s <TYPE> -o <OBJ> -y <ATTR> -v <VAL>
      cipux_storage_client [OPT] -t set_value  -a  -s <TYPE> -o <OBJ> -y <ATTR> -v <VAL>
      cipux_storage_client [OPT] -t set_value [-r] -s <TYPE> -o <OBJ> -y <ATTR=VAL> [-y <ATTR=VAL>]
      cipux_storage_client [OPT] -t set_value  -a  -s <TYPE> -o <OBJ> -y <ATTR=VAL> [-y <ATTR=VAL>]
      cipux_storage_client [OPT] -t set_value  -d  -s <TYPE> -o <OBJ> -y <ATTR> [-y <ATTR>]
      cipux_storage_client [OPT] -t set_value  -e  -s <TYPE> -o <OBJ> -y <ATTR>
  (5) cipux_storage_client [OPT] -t set_all_values [-r] -s <TYPE> -y <ATTR> -v <VAL>
      cipux_storage_client [OPT] -t set_all_values  -a  -s <TYPE> -y <ATTR> -v <VAL>
      cipux_storage_client [OPT] -t set_all_values [-r] -s <TYPE> -y <ATTR=VAL> [-y <ATTR=VAL>]
      cipux_storage_client [OPT] -t set_all_values  -a  -s <TYPE> -y <ATTR=VAL> [-y <ATTR=VAL>]
      cipux_storage_client [OPT] -t set_all_values  -d  -s <TYPE> -y <ATTR> [-y <ATTR>]
  (6) cipux_storage_client [OPT] -t add_node -s <TYPE> -o <OBJ> -x <ATTR=VAL> [-x <ATTR=VAL>]
  (7) cipux_storage_client [OPT] -t delete_node -s <TYPE> -o <OBJ>
  (8) cipux_storage_client [OPT] -t rename_node -s <TYPE> -o <OBJ> -v <VAL>
  abbreviations: OBJ = OBJECT, ATTR = ATTRIBUTE, VAL = VALUE, OPT = OPTIONS
 
 

OPTIONS

         Options for all commands:
 
         -c | --cfg             : cipux-storage-access.conf
         -D | --debug [<LEVEL>] : print debug messages for developers
         -h | --help            : print help (this message + options)
         -p | --pretty          : nice boxed output
         -V | --version         : print only version
              --verbose         : print more messages
 
         Options for some commands:
 
         -a | --add            : rather add then replace a value
         -d | --del            : delete the value of the attribute
         -e | --erase          : delete the attribute
         -l | --list           : lists configuration scopes, can be used for --type
         -o | --object         : LDAP object leaf
         -r | --replace        : replace a value, default behaviour
         -s | --storage_type   : configuration type
         -t | --storage_task   : action to perform
         -v | --value          : value to be set
         -x | --mattrvalue     : multiple LDAP attributes, please see description
         -y | --attrvalue      : LDAP attribute, please see description
 
 

REQUIRED ARGUMENTS

cipux_storage_client
   -t or -h
 
 

cipux_storage_client -t get_value

  -s <TYPE>
  -o <OBJ>
  -y <ATTR>
 
 

cipux_storage_client -t get_all_values

  -s <TYPE>
  -y <ATTR>
 
 

cipux_storage_client -t set_value

  -s <TYPE>
  -o <OBJ>
  -y <ATTR>
 
 

cipux_storage_client -t set_all_values

  -s <TYPE>
  -y <ATTR>
  -v <VAL>
 
 

cipux_storage_client -t add_node

  -s <TYPE>
  -o <OBJ>
  -x <ATTR=VAL>
 
 

cipux_storage_client -t delete_node

  -s <TYPE>
  -o <OBJ>
 
 

cipux_storage_client -t rename_node

  -s <TYPE>
  -o <OBJ>
  -v <VAL>
 
 

DESCRIPTION OF OPTIONS

-a
Same as option --add.
--add
This adds a value where possible rather then replace a value.
--attrvalue
This can be used to specify the attribute by
  --attrvalue <ATTRIBUTE>
 
 

Or it can be used to specify the attribute and the value

  --attrvalue <ATTRIBUTE>=<VALUE>
 
 

Of course it can also be use together with --value option to specify the attribute and the value like this:

  --attrvalue <ATTRIBUTE> --value <VALUE>
 
 
-D
Same as option --debug.
-d
Same as option --del.
--del
This deletes the attribute from the object where possible.
-e
Same as option --erase
--erase
Deletes the LDAP attribute of a given object. This will delete also all content of this attribute. If the an object has multible values for that attribute all values will be removed. If this is option is set, it will trigger --delete command line option automatically.
-h
Same as option --help
--help
Prints brief help message.
--mattrvalue
This is option have to be use if a LDAP object has to be created. Unlike --attrvalue this option requires always an attribute and a value. Therefore only this syntax is possible:
   --mattrvalue <ATTRIBUTE>=<VALUE>
 
 

The reason for this is to be able to gave the user exact hints when he try to create a object but forget the value.

The 'm' stands for multiple. So it is possible to give the option several times.

-o
Same as option --object
--object
This option is used to specify the object on which the command is operating. Make sure you choose the right object. Of course this will also fail when the object is not fetchable with (in the objects list of) --storage_type.
-p
Same as option --pretty.
--pretty
On command which produce an output, this option can be used to draw a fancy box around the output.
-r
Same as option --replace.
--replace
For some command this is the default option. It replace the value of a given attribute with a new value.
-s
Same as option --storage_type.
--storage_task
Name fo the action that can be performed. Valid actions are:
  get_all_values
  set_all_values
  add_node
  get_value
  set_value
  list
  delete_node
  rename_node
 
 
--storage_type
This option defines the 'type of the object' the command is operating with. A 'type of object' is a certain set of objects with common attributes. For example all POSIX account objects. You can easily define new types of objects in the configuration file. The default location of this file is /etc/cipux/cipux-storage-structure.conf.
-t
Same as --storage_task.
-V
Same as option --version.
--version
Prints the version and exits.
--verbose
Not implemented jet.
-l
Same as option --list
--list
Lists all object scopes. The object scopes are red from the configuration file. The default location of the configuration file is /usr/share/cipux/etc/cipux-storage.perl. One object type is needed for the --storage_type option.
-v
Same as option --verbose.
--value
On some commands this is use to provide a value for an object or an attribute.
-x
Same as option --mattrvalue.
-y
Same as option --attrvalue.

DESCRIPTION

This is the command line client for CipUX::Storage. It can be used to get modify or delete CipUX storage objects.

COMMANDS

   cipux_storage_client -t get_value
   cipux_storage_client -t set_value
   cipux_storage_client -t get_all_values
   cipux_storage_client -t set_all_values
   cipux_storage_client -t add_node
   cipux_storage_client -t rename_node
   cipux_storage_client -t delete_node
 
 

cipux_storage_client -t get_value

Retrieve one or more LDAP values for every given attribute of a given object.

cipux_storage_client -t get_all_values

Retrieve one or more LDAP values for every given attribute of all objects in a given object type.

cipux_storage_client -t set_value

(1) You can add values with cipux_storage_client -t set_value.
  cipux_storage_client -t set_value -s all_group_node -e memberUid -o testgroup -v login -a
 
 

But this make only a difference for LDAP attributes which can be there more then one time.

   cipux_storage_client -t set_value -s all_group_node -e memberUid -o testgroup -v login1 -a
   cipux_storage_client -t set_value -s all_group_node -e memberUid -o testgroup -v login2 -a
 
 

This will result:

    memberUid: login1
    memberUid: login2
 
 

Where as the following lines have a different result:

  cipux_storage_client -t set_value -s all_group_node -e groupType -o testgruppe -v public -a
 
 

The resulting exception:

   attribute 'groupType' cannot have multiple values at ./cipux_storage_client -t set_value line 369
 
 

In this case you have to remove the -a option from your line or use -r.

(2) The default behavior is to replace values. Values can be replaces with:

  cipux_storage_client -t set_value -s all_group_node -e groupType -o testgruppe -v private
 
 

or

  cipux_storage_client -t set_value -s all_group_node -e groupType -o testgruppe -v private -r
 
 

This will replace the existing value with the new one.

But be aware (!), if you have 3 members in a group, for example:

    memberUid: login1
    memberUid: login2
    memberUid: login3
 
 

after command the command:

  cipux_storage_client -t set_value -s all_group_node -e memberUid -o testgroup -v login4
 
 

you will have only one member!

    memberUid: login4
 
 

Therefor the default behavior is to replace all but one value. The replace and not the add is the default behavior, because it there are more single attributes in LDAP and therefor the probability of failure will be less if replace is the default behavior.

(3) Also LDAP attributes can be deleted. If you have 2 memberUid's for example the delete operation will led to an exception:

  modify/delete: memberUid: no such value at ./cipux_storage_client -t set_value line 369
 
 

So to delete all (!) member you have to do two LDAP operations:

  cipux_storage_client -t set_value -s all_group_node -e memberUid -o testgroup -v login -r
  cipux_storage_client -t set_value -s all_group_node -e memberUid -o testgroup -v login -d
 
 

Where as the value from -v is not important.

cipux_storage_client -t set_all_values

Set all LDAP values of a given object and attribute.

cipux_storage_client -t add_node

Adds an LDAP node.

SYNOPIS

  cipux_storage_client -t add_node -s <TYPE> -o <NAME> -x <ATTR>=<VALUE> [-x <ATTR>=<VALUE> ...]
 
 

Usage example

  cipux_storage_client -t add_node -s cipux_room -o test1 -x objectClass=room -x objectClass=cipuxRoom -x cn=test1
 
 

If you do not provide cn=NAME for example, you will get the following exception:

  EXCEPTION mandatory attr [cn] is missing!
            Please provide -x or --mattrvalue command line option!
            Example: -x cn=<VALUE>
 
 

To add a user node (not a complete user account!) this will create a half user account named testuser:

  cipux_storage_client -t add_node -s cipux_account.user -o testuser -x cipuxFirstname=test -x cipuxLastname=user -x objectClass=cipuxAccount -x objectClass=posixAccount -x objectClass=shadowAccount -x uid=testuser -x cn=testuser -x cipuxCreationDate=2007-10-26 -x uidNumber=20000 -x gidNumber=20000 -x homeDirectory=/home/testuser -x objectClass=imapUser -x mailMessageStore=/tmp -D 129
 
 

Of course this is just an example. It is not a good idea to give /tmp as mail storage directory or use a static uidNumber. But this or a similar command can be user to test the LDAP layer.

cipux_storage_client -t rename_node

The rename command sets upon the Net::LDAP command modrdn. And due to the fact that simply rename a LDAP dn is not hole task of renaming an LDAP leaf the command can rename only certain LDAP objects.

It can for example rename a cipuxConfiguration LDAP leaf. Before renaming it looks basically like this:

  dn: cn=testconfig,ou=Configuration,ou=CipUX,dc=nodomain
  cipuxVariable: testvalue
  cn: testconfig
  objectClass: top
  objectClass: cipuxConfiguration
 
 

If you now issue the command:

  cipux_storage_client -t rename_node -s cipux_configuration -o testconfig -v myconfig
 
 

You will get

  dn: cn=myconfig,ou=Configuration,ou=CipUX,dc=nodomain
  cipuxVariable: testvalue
  cn: testconfig
  cn: myconfig
  objectClass: top
  objectClass: cipuxConfiguration
 
 

You noticed the 'cn' has doubled, since LDAP expect a corresponding 'cn' in this LDAP object? There for this configuration has now two names. It should be difficult to crate now a new 'testconfig'. You have to delete 'cn: testconfig' attribute and value before you can create a new 'testconfig'. Because this is rather confusing, you should avoid renaming where possible. Deleting an object and recreate it is a safer way.

cipux_storage_client -t delete_node

Deletes a given LDAP node.

DIAGNOSTICS

TODO

EXIT STATUS

TODO

CONFIGURATION

  /usr/share/cipux/etc/cipux_storage.perl
 
 

DEPENDENCIES

CipUX::Storage::Client

INCOMPATIBILITIES

Not known.

BUGS AND LIMITATIONS

Not known.

SEE ALSO

See the CipUX webpage and the manual at <http://www.cipux.org>

See the mailing list <http://sympa.cipworx.org/wws/info/cipux-devel>

AUTHOR

Christian Kuelker <christian.kuelker@cipworx.org> Copyright (C) 2008 - 2009 by Christian Kuelker

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option) any later version.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA

La France ne comptera pas deux millions de chômeurs.
-+- François Mitterand, 1981 -+-