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colon.1posix

Langue: en

Version: 2003 (ubuntu - 07/07/09)

Section: 1 (Commandes utilisateur)

NAME

colon - null utility

SYNOPSIS

: [argument ...]

DESCRIPTION

This utility shall only expand command arguments. It is used when a command is needed, as in the then condition of an if command, but nothing is to be done by the command.

OPTIONS

None.

OPERANDS

See the DESCRIPTION.

STDIN

Not used.

INPUT FILES

None.

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES

None.

ASYNCHRONOUS EVENTS

Default.

STDOUT

Not used.

STDERR

The standard error shall be used only for diagnostic messages.

OUTPUT FILES

None.

EXTENDED DESCRIPTION

None.

EXIT STATUS

Zero.

CONSEQUENCES OF ERRORS

Default.

The following sections are informative.

APPLICATION USAGE

None.

EXAMPLES

 
 : ${X=abc}
 if     false
 then   :
 else   echo $X
 fi
 abc
 

As with any of the special built-ins, the null utility can also have variable assignments and redirections associated with it, such as:

 
 x=y : > z
 
 

which sets variable x to the value y (so that it persists after the null utility completes) and creates or truncates file z.

RATIONALE

None.

FUTURE DIRECTIONS

None.

SEE ALSO

Special Built-In Utilities

Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .
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