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funhead

Langue: en

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Version: January 2, 2008 (fedora - 01/12/10)

Section: 1 (Commandes utilisateur)

NAME

funhead - display a header in a Funtools file

SYNOPSIS

funhead [-a] [-s] [-t] [-L] <iname> [oname ename]

OPTIONS

   -a    # display all extension headers
   -s    # display 79 chars instead of 80 before the new-line
   -t    # prepend data type char to each line of output
   -L    # output in rdb/starbase list format
 
 

DESCRIPTION

funhead displays the FITS header parameters in the specified FITS Extension.

The first argument to the program specifies the Funtools input file to display. If ``stdin'' is specified, data are read from the standard input. Funtools Bracket Notation is used to specify particular FITS extension to process. Normally, the full 80 characters of each header card is output, followed by a new-line.

If the -a switch is specified, the header from each FITS extensions in the file is displayed. Note, however, that the -a switch does not work with FITS files input via stdin. We hope to remove this restriction in a future release.

If the -s switch is specified, only 79 characters are output before the new-line. This helps the display on 80 character terminals.

If the -t switch is specified, the data type of the parameter is output as a one character prefix, followed by 77 characters of the param. The parameter data types are defined as: FUN_PAR_UNKNOWN ('u'), FUN_PAR_COMMENT ('c'), FUN_PAR_LOGICAL ('l'), FUN_PAR_INTEGER ('i'), FUN_PAR_STRING ('s'), FUN_PAR_REAL ('r'), FUN_PAR_COMPLEX ('x').

If the -L (rdb table) switch is used, the output will conform to starbase/rdb data base list format.

For example to display the EVENTS extension (binary table):

   [sh] funhead "foo.fits[EVENTS]"
   XTENSION= 'BINTABLE'            /  FITS 3D BINARY TABLE                      
   BITPIX  =                    8  /  Binary data                               
   NAXIS   =                    2  /  Table is a matrix                         
   NAXIS1  =                   20  /  Width of table in bytes                   
   NAXIS2  =                30760  /  Number of entries in table                
   PCOUNT  =                    0  /  Random parameter count                    
   GCOUNT  =                    1  /  Group count                               
   TFIELDS =                    7  /  Number of fields in each row              
   EXTNAME = 'EVENTS  '            /  Table name                                
   EXTVER  =                    1  /  Version number of table                   
   TFORM1  = '1I      '            /  Data type for field                       
   TTYPE1  = 'X       '            /  Label for field                           
   TUNIT1  = '        '            /  Physical units for field                  
   TFORM2  = '1I      '            /  Data type for field                       
     etc. ...
   END
 
 

To display the third header:

   [sh] funhead "foo.fits[3]"
   XTENSION= 'BINTABLE'            /  FITS 3D BINARY TABLE                      
   BITPIX  =                    8  /  Binary data                               
   NAXIS   =                    2  /  Table is a matrix                         
   NAXIS1  =                   32  /  Width of table in bytes                   
   NAXIS2  =                   40  /  Number of entries in table                
   PCOUNT  =                    0  /  Random parameter count                    
   GCOUNT  =                    1  /  Group count                               
   TFIELDS =                    7  /  Number of fields in each row              
   EXTNAME = 'TGR     '            /  Table name                                
   EXTVER  =                    1  /  Version number of table                   
   TFORM1  = '1D      '            /  Data type for field                       
     etc. ...
   END
 
 

To display the primary header (i.e., extension 0):

   sh> funhead "coma.fits[0]"
   SIMPLE  =                    T /STANDARD FITS FORMAT                         
   BITPIX  =                   16 /2-BYTE TWOS-COMPL INTEGER                    
   NAXIS   =                    2 /NUMBER OF AXES                               
   NAXIS1  =                  800 /                                             
   NAXIS2  =                  800 /                                             
   DATATYPE= 'INTEGER*2'          /SHORT INTEGER                                
   END
 
 

The funhead program also can edit (i.e. add, delete, or modify) or display individual headers parameters. Edit mode is signalled by the presence of two additional command-line arguments: output file and edit command file, in that order. Edit mode acts as a filter: the output file will contain the entire input FITS file, including other extensions. The edit command file can be ``stdin'', in which case edit command are read from the standard input.

The edit command file contains parameter comments (having '#' in the first column) and delete and assignment(modify or add) operations. A delete operation is specified by preceding the parameter name with a minus sign ``-''. A display operation (very useful in interactive sessions, i.e., where the edit commands are taken from stdin) is specified by preceding the parameter name with a question mark ``?''. In either case, a parameter value need not be specified. An assignment operation is specified in the same two ways that a parameter is specified in a text header (but without the comment character that precedes header params), i.e.:

*
FITS-style comments have an equal sign ``='' between the keyword and value and an optional slash ``/'' to signify a comment. The strict FITS rules on column positions are not enforced.
*
Free-form comments can have an optional colon separator between the keyword and value. In the absence of quote, all tokens after the keyword are part of the value, i.e. no comment is allowed.

For example, the following interactive session checks for the existence of parameters, adds new parameters, modifies them, and modifies and deletes existing parameters:

   sh$ ./funhead snr.ev foo.fits -
   # look for FOO1
   ? FOO1
   WARNING: FOO1 not found
   # add new foo1
   FOO1 = 100
   # add foo2
   FOO2 = 200
   # reset foo1 to a different value
   FOO1 -1
   # delete foo2
   -FOO2
   # change existing value
   EXTVER 2
   ? XS-SORT
   XS-SORT = 'EOF     '            /  type of event sort
   # delete existing value
   -XS-SORT
   # exit
   ^D
 
 

See Column-based Text Files for more information about header parameter format.

SEE ALSO

See funtools(n) for a list of Funtools help pages
Mon tuant goupil beige a cogné
sur un de vos neuf oiseux chiens.
-- Esposito-Farese, Gilles