Rechercher une page de manuel

Chercher une autre page de manuel:

g.parser.1grass

Langue: en

Version: 332320 (ubuntu - 24/10/10)

Section: 1 (Commandes utilisateur)

NAME

g.parser

SYNOPSIS

g.parser help
g.parser [-s] [-t] filename [argument,...]

Flags:

-t

Print strings for translation
-s

Write option values to stdout instead of reinvoking script

DESCRIPTION

The g.parser module provides full parser support for GRASS scripts, including an auto-generated GUI interface, help page template, and command line option checking. In this way a simple script can very quickly be made into a full-fledged GRASS module.

OPTIONS

Unless the -s switch is used, the arguments are stored in environment variables for use in your scripts. These variables are named "GIS_FLAG_" for flags and "GIS_OPT_" for options. The names of variables are converted to upper case. For example if an option with key input was defined in the script header, the value will be available in variable GIS_OPT_INPUT and the value of flag with key f will be available in variable GIS_FLAG_F.

For flags, the value will be "1" if the flag was given, and "0" otherwise.

If the -s switch is used, the options and flags are written to stdout in the form opt_= and flag_=, preceded by the string @ARGS_PARSED@. If this string doesn't appear as the first line of stdout, it indicates that the script was invoked with a switch such as --html-description. In this case, the data written by g.parser to stdout should be copied to the script's stdout verbatim.

Typical header definitions are as follows:
#%module
#% description: g.parser test script
#%end
#%flag
#% key: f
#% description: A flag
#%end
#%option
#% key: raster
#% type: string
#% gisprompt: old,cell,raster
#% description: Raster input map
#% required : yes
#%end

NOTES

An option can be instructed to allow multiple inputs by adding the following line:
While this will only directly change the Usage section of the help
screen, the option's environmental string may be easily parsed from within
a script. For example, individual comma separated identities for an option
named "input" can be parsed with the following Bash shell code:


for opt in $GIS_OPT_INPUT ; do

    ... "$opt"
done

A "guisection" field may be added to each option and flag to specify that the options should appear in multiple tabs in the auto-generated GUI. Any options without a guisection field go into the "Options" tab. For example:
would put that option in a tab named tabname.


A "<tt>key_desc" field may be added to each option to specify the text that
appears in the module's usage help section. For example:

added to an input option would create the usage summary
<tt>[input=filename].


If a script is run with --o, G_parser() will
set <tt>GRASS_OVERWRITE=1, which has the same effect as passing
--o to every module which is run from the script. Similarly, passing
--q or --v will set <tt>GRASS_VERBOSE to 0 or 3 respectively,
which has the same effect as passing --q or --v to every module which
is run from the script. Rather than checking whether --o, --q or --v
were used, you should be checking <tt>GRASS_OVERWRITE and/or
<tt>GRASS_VERBOSE instead. If those variables are set, the
script should behave the same way regardless of whether they were set
by --o, --q or --v being passed to the script or set by other means.


AUTOMATED SCRIPT CREATION



The flag --script added to a GRASS command, generates shell
output. To write out a g.parser boilerplate for easy
prototyping of shell scripts, the flag --script can be added
to any GRASS command. Example:


v.in.db --script

Help page template (HTML)

The flag --html-description added to a GRASS command generates a related help page template in HTML. Example:
v.in.db --html-description

GUI window parser (XML)

The flag --interface-description added to a GRASS command generates a related help page template in XML. Example:
v.in.db --interface-description

GUI window parser (Tcl/Tk)

The flag --tcltk added to a GRASS command generates Tcl/Tk code suitable for building the GUI interface. Example:
v.in.db --tcltk

TRANSLATION

g.parser provides some support for translating the options of scripts. If called with the -t switch before the script filename like this
g.parser -t somescriptfile
g.parser will print the text of the translatable options to stdout, one per line, and exit. This is for internal use within the build system to prepare GRASS scripts for translation.

EXAMPLES

Example code for SHELL


#!/bin/sh

# g.parser demo script for shell programing

#%module
#% description: g.parser test script
#%end
#%flag
#% key: f
#% description: A flag
#%end
#%option
#% key: raster
#% type: string
#% gisprompt: old,cell,raster
#% description: Raster input map
#% required : yes
#%end
#%option
#% key: vector
#% type: string
#% gisprompt: old,vector,vector
#% description: Vector input map
#% required : yes
#%end
#%option
#% key: option1
#% type: string
#% description: An option
#% required : no
#%end

if [ -z "$GISBASE" ] ; then

    echo "You must be in GRASS GIS to run this program." 1>&2

    exit 1
fi

if [ "$1" != "@ARGS_PARSED@" ] ; then

    exec g.parser "$0" "$@"
fi

#### add your code below ####
echo ""

if [ $GIS_FLAG_F -eq 1 ] ; then

    echo "Flag -f set"
else

    echo "Flag -f not set"
fi

# test if parameter present:
if [ -n "$GIS_OPT_OPTION1" ] ; then

    echo "Value of GIS_OPT_OPTION1: '$GIS_OPT_OPTION1'"
fi

echo "Value of GIS_OPT_RASTER: '$GIS_OPT_RASTER'"
echo "Value of GIS_OPT_VECTOR: '$GIS_OPT_VECTOR'"

Example code for Python


#!/usr/bin/env python

# g.parser demo script for python programing

#%module
#% description: g.parser test script (python)
#%end
#%flag
#% key: f
#% description: A flag
#%end
#%option
#% key: raster
#% type: string
#% gisprompt: old,cell,raster
#% description: Raster input map
#% required : yes
#%end
#%option
#% key: vector
#% type: string
#% gisprompt: old,vector,vector
#% description: Vector input map
#% required : yes
#%end
#%option
#% key: option1
#% type: string
#% description: An option
#% required : no
#%end

import os
import sys

import grass.script as grass

def main():

    flag_f = flags['f']

    option1 = options['option1']

    raster = options['raster']

    vector = options['vector']

    #### add your code here ####


    if flag_f:

        print "Flag -f set"

    else:

        print "Flag -f not set"


    # test if parameter present:

    if option1:

        print "Value of option1= option: '%s'" % option1


    print "Value of raster= option: '%s'" % raster

    print "Value of vector= option: '%s'" % vector


    #### end of your code ####


    return 0

if __name__ == "__main__":

    options, flags = grass.parser()

    main()
The test.py script will provide following help text:


Description:

 g.parser test script (python)

Usage:

 test1.py [-f] raster=string vector=string [option1=string]

   [--verbose] [--quiet]

Flags:

  -f   A flag

 --v   Verbose module output

 --q   Quiet module output

Parameters:

   raster   Raster input map

   vector   Vector input map

  option1   An option

Example code for Perl


#!/usr/bin/perl -w
use strict;

# g.parser demo script

#%module
#% description: g.parser test script (perl)
#% keywords: keyword1, keyword2
#%end
#%flag
#% key: f
#% description: A flag
#%end
#%option
#% key: raster
#% type: string
#% gisprompt: old,cell,raster
#% description: Raster input map
#% required : yes
#%end
#%option
#% key: vector
#% type: string
#% gisprompt: old,vector,vector
#% description: Vector input map
#% required : yes
#%end
#%option
#% key: option1
#% type: string
#% description: An option
#% required : no
#%end

if ( !$ENV{'GISBASE'} ) {

    printf(STDERR  "You must be in GRASS GIS to run this program.\n");

    exit 1;
}


 
if( $ARGV[0] ne '@ARGS_PARSED@' ){

    my $arg = "";

    for (my $i=0; $i < @ARGV;$i++) {

        $arg .= " $ARGV[$i] ";

    }

    system("$ENV{GISBASE}/bin/g.parser $0 $arg");

    exit;
}

#### add your code here ####
print "\n";
if ( $ENV{'GIS_FLAG_F'} eq "1" ){

   print "Flag -f set\n"
}
else {

   print "Flag -f not set\n"
}

printf ("Value of GIS_OPT_option1: '%s'\n", $ENV{'GIS_OPT_OPTION1'});
printf ("Value of GIS_OPT_raster: '%s'\n", $ENV{'GIS_OPT_RASTER'});
printf ("Value of GIS_OPT_vect: '%s'\n", $ENV{'GIS_OPT_VECTOR'});

#### end of your code ####

The test.pl script will provide a GUI and usage help text similar to the other examples above.

SEE ALSO

d.ask, d.menu, g.ask, g.filename, g.findfile, g.tempfile, and the SUBMITTING_SCRIPTS file in the GRASS source code.

Related Wiki pages: Using GRASS with other programming languages

AUTHOR

Glynn Clements

Last changed: $Date: 2010-03-21 15:26:08 +0100 (dom, 21 mar 2010) $

"Je me rappelle bien la splendeur de leurs bannières", reprit Elrond.
"Elle me rappelait la gloire des Jours Anciens et les armées de
Beleriand, où tant de grands princes et capitaines étaient assemblés.
Et pourtant pas tant, pas si beaux que lorsque Thangorodrim fut brisé
et que les Elfes pensèrent que le mal était fini à jamais, alors que
ce n'était pas vrai."
-- J.R.R. Tolkien, "La Communauté de l'Anneau"