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mk-slave-delay

Langue: en

Version: 2008-12-29 (fedora - 04/07/09)

Section: 1 (Commandes utilisateur)

NAME

mk-slave-delay - Make a MySQL slave server lag behind its master.

SYNOPSIS

To hold slavehost one minute behind its master for ten minutes:
  mk-slave-delay --delay 1m --interval 15s --time 10m slavehost
 
 

DESCRIPTION

"mk-slave-delay" watches a slave and starts and stops its replication SQL thread as necessary to hold it at least as far behind the master as you request. In practice, it will typically cause the slave to lag between ``--delay'' and ``--delay''+``--interval'' behind the master.

It bases the delay on binlog positions in the slave's relay logs by default, so there is no need to connect to the master. This works well if the IO thread doesn't lag the master much, which is typical in most replication setups; the IO thread lag is usually milliseconds on a fast network. If your IO thread's lag is too large for your purposes, "mk-slave-delay" can also connect to the master for information about binlog positions.

If the slave's I/O thread reports that it is waiting for the SQL thread to free some relay log space, "mk-slave-delay" will automatically connect to the master to find binary log positions. If ``--askpass'' and ``--daemonize'' are given, it is possible that this could cause it to ask for a password while daemonized. In this case, it exits. Therefore, if you think your slave might encounter this condition, you should be sure to either specify ``--usemaster'' explicitly when daemonizing, or don't specify ``--askpass''.

Note that since "mk-slave-delay" starts and stops the SQL thread, monitoring systems may think the slave is having trouble when it's just being held back intentionally.

There is a special syntax for connecting to MySQL servers. Each server name on the command line can be either just a hostname, or a key=value,key=value string. Keys are a single letter:

    KEY MEANING
    === =======
    h   Connect to host
    P   Port number to use for connection
    S   Socket file to use for connection
    u   User for login if not current user
    p   Password to use when connecting
    F   Only read default options from the given file
 
 

If you omit any values in MASTER-HOST, they are filled in with defaults from SLAVE-HOST, so you don't need to specify them in both places. "mk-slave-delay" reads all normal MySQL option files, such as ~/.my.cnf, so you may not need to specify username, password and other common options at all.

"mk-slave-delay" tries to exit gracefully by trapping signals such as Ctrl-C. You cannot bypass ``--continue'' with a trappable signal.

DOWNLOADING

You can download Maatkit from Google Code at <http://code.google.com/p/maatkit/>, or you can get any of the tools easily with a command like the following:
    wget http://www.maatkit.org/get/toolname
    or
    wget http://www.maatkit.org/trunk/toolname
 
 

Where "toolname" can be replaced with the name (or fragment of a name) of any of the Maatkit tools. Once downloaded, they're ready to run; no installation is needed. The first URL gets the latest released version of the tool, and the second gets the latest trunk code from Subversion.

OPTIONS

--askpass
Prompt for a password when connecting to MySQL.
--continue
short form: -c; negatable: yes; default: yes

Continue replication normally on exit.

After exiting, restart the slave's SQL thread with no UNTIL condition, so it will run as usual and catch up to the master. This is enabled by default and works even if you terminate "mk-slave-delay" with Control-C.

--daemonize
Fork to the background and detach. POSIX only.
--delay
short form: -d; type: time; default: 1h

How far the slave should lag its master.

--interval
short form: -i; type: time; default: 1m

How frequently "mk-slave-delay" should check whether the slave needs to be started or stopped.

--pid
type: string

Create the given PID file when daemonized.

For example, '--daemonize --pid /tmp/mk-slave-delay.pid' would cause mk-slave-delay to create the PID file /tmp/mk-slave-delay.pid.

/var/run/ is usually not writable by non-root users, therefore /tmp/ is a more reliable alternative.

The PID file is removed when the daemonized instance of mk-slave-delay exits.

--quiet
short form: -q

Do not output regular status messages.

--setvars
type: string; default: wait_timeout=10000

Set these MySQL variables.

Specify any variables you want to be set immediately after connecting to MySQL. These will be included in a "SET" command.

--time
short form: -t; type: time

How long "mk-slave-delay" should run before exiting.

Default is to run forever.

--usemaster
short form: -u

Get binlog positions from master, not slave.

Don't trust the binlog positions in the slave's relay log. Connect to the master and get binlog positions instead. If you specify this option without giving a MASTER-HOST on the command line, "mk-slave-delay" examines the slave's SHOW SLAVE STATUS to determine the hostname and port for connecting to the master.

"mk-slave-delay" uses only the MASTER_HOST and MASTER_PORT values from SHOW SLAVE STATUS for the master connection. It does not use the MASTER_USER value. If you want to specify a different username for the master than the one you use to connect to the slave, you should specify the MASTER-HOST option explicitly on the command line.

SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS

You need Perl, DBI, DBD::mysql, and some core packages that ought to be installed in any reasonably new version of Perl.

OUTPUT

If you specify ``--quiet'', there is no output. Otherwise, the normal output is a status message consisting of a timestamp and information about what "mk-slave-delay" is doing: starting the slave, stopping the slave, or just observing.

ENVIRONMENT

The environment variable "MKDEBUG" enables verbose debugging output in all of the Maatkit tools:
    MKDEBUG=1 mk-....
 
 

BUGS

Please use Google Code Issues and Groups to report bugs or request support: <http://code.google.com/p/maatkit/>.

Please include the complete command-line used to reproduce the problem you are seeing, the version of all MySQL servers involved, the complete output of the tool when run with ``--version'', and if possible, debugging output produced by running with the "MKDEBUG=1" environment variable.

COPYRIGHT, LICENSE AND WARRANTY

This program is copyright 2007-2008 Sergey Zhuravlev and Baron Schwartz. Feedback and improvements are welcome.

THIS PROGRAM IS PROVIDED ``AS IS'' AND WITHOUT ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTIBILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation, version 2; OR the Perl Artistic License. On UNIX and similar systems, you can issue `man perlgpl' or `man perlartistic' to read these licenses.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA.

AUTHOR

Sergey Zhuravlev and Baron Schwartz.

VERSION

This manual page documents Ver 1.0.10 Distrib 2725 $Revision: 2311 $.
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