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nsgmls

Langue: en

Version: 256306 (debian - 07/07/09)

Section: 1 (Commandes utilisateur)

NAME

nsgmls - a validating SGML parser

An SGML System Conforming to
International Standard ISO 8879 ---
Standard Generalized Markup Language

SYNOPSIS

nsgmls [ -BCdeglprsuv ] [ -alinktype ] [ -b(bctf|encoding) ] [ -Ddirectory ] [ -Emax_errors ] [ -ffile ] [ -iname ] [ -msysid ] [ -ooutput_option ] [ -tfile ] [ -wwarning_type ] [ sysid... ]

WARNING

This manual page may be out of date. Consult the HTML documentation for the most up-to-date information concerning this program. You can find the HTML document in: /usr/share/doc/sp/nsgmls.htm

DESCRIPTION

Nsgmls parses and validates the SGML document whose document entity is specified by the system identifiers sysid... and prints on the standard output a simple text representation of its Element Structure Information Set. (This is the information set which a structure-controlled conforming SGML application should act upon.) The form of system identifiers is described in detail below; a system identifier that does not start with < and does not look like an absolute URL will be treated as a filename. If more than one system identifier is specified, then the corresponding entities will be concatenated to form the document entity. Thus the document entity may be spread amongst several files; for example, the SGML declaration, prolog and document instance set could each be in a separate file. If no system identifiers are specified, then nsgmls will read the document entity from the standard input. A command line system identifier of - can be used to refer to the standard input. (Normally in a system identifier, <osfd>0 is used to refer to standard input.)

The following options are available:

-alinktype
Make link type linktype active. Not all ESIS information is output in this case: the active LPDs are not explicitly reported, although each link attribute is qualified with its link type name; there is no information about result elements; when there are multiple link rules applicable to the current element, nsgmls always chooses the first.
-b(bctf|encoding)
This determines the encoding used for output. If in fixed character set mode it specifies the name of an encoding; if not, it specifies the name of a BCTF. See the description below of the bctf storage manager attribute for more information.
-B
Batch mode. Parse each sysid... specified on the command line separately, rather than concatenating them. This is useful mainly with -s.
If -tfilename is also specified, then the specified filename will be prefixed to the sysid to make the filename for the RAST result for each sysid.
-C
The filename... arguments specify catalog files rather than the document entity. The document entity is specified by the first DOCUMENT entry in the catalog files.
-Ddirectory
Search directory for files specified in system identifiers. Multiple -D options are allowed. See the description of the osfile storage manager for more information about file searching.
-e
Describe open entities in error messages. Error messages always include the position of the most recently opened external entity.
-E max_errors
Nsgmls will exit after max_errors errors. If max_errors is 0, there is no limit on the number of errors. The default is 200.
-ffile
Redirect errors to file. This is useful mainly with shells that do not support redirection of stderr.
-g
Show the GIs of open elements in error messages.
-iname
Pretend that
<!ENTITY % name sINCLUDEs>

occurs at the start of the document type declaration subset in the SGML document entity. Since repeated definitions of an entity are ignored, this definition will take precedence over any other definitions of this entity in the document type declaration. Multiple -i options are allowed. If the SGML declaration replaces the reserved name INCLUDE then the new reserved name will be the replacement text of the entity. Typically the document type declaration will contain

<!ENTITY % name sIGNOREs>

and will use %name; in the status keyword specification of a marked section declaration. In this case the effect of the option will be to cause the marked section not to be ignored.

-msysid
Map public identifiers and entity names to system identifiers using the catalog entry file whose system identifier is sysid. Multiple -m options are allowed. If there is a catalog entry file called catalog in the same place as the document entity, it will be searched for immediately after those specified by -m.
-ooutput_option
Output additional information accordig to output_option:
entity
Output definitions of all general entities not just for data or subdoc entities that are referenced or named in an ENTITY or ENTITIES attribute.
id
Distinguish attributes whose declared value is ID.
line
Output L commands giving the current line number and filename.
included
Output an i command for included subelements.

Multiple -o options are allowed.

-p
Parse only the prolog. Nsgmls will exit after parsing the document type declaration. Implies -s.
-s
Suppress output. Error messages will still be printed.
-tfile
Output to file the RAST result as defined by ISO/IEC 13673:1995 (actually this isn't quite an IS yet; this implements the Intermediate Editor's Draft of 1994/08/29, with changes to implement ISO/IEC JTC1/SC18/WG8 N1777). The normal output is not produced.
-v
Print the version number.
-wtype
Control warnings and errors. Multiple -w options are allowed. The following values of type enable warnings:
mixed
Warn about mixed content models that do not allow #pcdata anywhere.
sgmldecl
Warn about various dubious constructions in the SGML declaration.
should
Warn about various recommendations made in ISO 8879 that the document does not comply with. (Recommendations are expressed with ``should'', as distinct from requirements which are usually expressed with ``shall''.)
default
Warn about defaulted references.
duplicate
Warn about duplicate entity declarations.
undefined
Warn about undefined elements: elements used in the DTD but not defined.
unclosed
Warn about unclosed start and end-tags.
empty
Warn about empty start and end-tags.
net
Warn about net-enabling start-tags and null end-tags.
min-tag
Warn about minimized start and end-tags. Equivalent to combination of unclosed, empty and net warnings.
unused-map
Warn about unused short reference maps: maps that are declared with a short reference mapping declaration but never used in a short reference use declaration in the DTD.
unused-param
Warn about parameter entities that are defined but not used in a DTD.
all
Warn about conditions that should usually be avoided (in the opinion of the author). Equivalent to: mixed, should, default, undefined, sgmldecl, unused-map, unused-param, empty and unclosed.

A warning can be disabled by using its name prefixed with no-. Thus -wall -wno-duplicate will enable all warnings except those about duplicate entity declarations.

The following values for warning_type disable errors:

no-idref
Do not give an error for an ID reference value which no element has as its ID. The effect will be as if each attribute declared as an ID reference value had been declared as a name.
no-significant
Do not give an error when a character that is not a significant character in the reference concrete syntax occurs in a literal in the SGML declaration. This may be useful in conjunction with certain buggy test suites.

The following options are also supported for backwards compatibility with sgmls:

-d
Same as -wduplicate.
-l
Same as -oline.
-r
Same as -wdefault.
-u
Same as -wundef.

System identifiers

A system identifier can either be a formal system identifier or a simple system identifier. A system identifier that is a formal system identifier consists of a sequence of one or more storage object specifications. The objects specified by the storage object specifications are concatenated to form the entity. A storage object specification consists of an SGML start-tag in the reference concrete syntax followed by character data content. The generic identifier of the start-tag is the name of a storage manager. The content is a storage object identifier which identifies the storage object in a manner dependent on the storage manager. The start-tag can also specify attributes giving additional information about the storage object. Numeric character references are recognized in storage object identifiers and attribute value literals in the start-tag. Record ends are ignored in the storage object identifier as with SGML. A system identifier will be interpreted as a formal system identifier if it starts with a < followed by a storage manager name, followed by either > or white-space; otherwise it will be interpreted as a simple system identifier. A storage object identifier extends until the end of the system identifier or until the first occurrence of < followed by a storage manager name, followed by either > or white-space.

The following storage managers are available:

osfile
The storage object identifier is a filename. If the filename is relative it is resolved using a base filename. Normally the base filename is the name of the file in which the storage object identifier was specified, but this can be changed using the base attribute. The filename will be searched for first in the directory of the base filename. If it is not found there, then it will be searched for in directories specified with the -D option in the order in which they were specified on the command line, and then in the list of directories specified by the environment variable SGML_SEARCH_PATH. The list is separated by colons under Unix and by semi-colons under MSDOS.
osfd
The storage object identifier is an integer specifying a file descriptor. Thus a system identifier of <osfd>0 will refer to the standard input.
url
The storage object identifier is a URL. Only the http scheme is currently supported and not on all systems.
neutral
The storage manager is the storage manager of storage object in which the system identifier was specified (the underlying storage manager). However if the underlying storage manager does not support named storage objects (ie it is osfd), then the storage manager will be osfile. The storage object identifier is treated as a relative, hierarchical name separated by slashes (/) and will be transformed as appropriate for the underlying storage manager.

The following attributes are supported:

records
This describes how records are delimited in the storage object:
cr
Records are terminated by a carriage return.
lf
Records are terminated by a line feed.
crlf
Records are terminated by a carriage return followed by a line feed.
find
Records are terminated by whichever of cr, lf or crlf is first encountered in the storage object.
asis
No recognition of records is performed.

The default is find except for NDATA entities for which the default is asis.

When records are recognized in a storage object, a record start is inserted at the beginning of each record, and a record end at the end of each record. If there is a partial record (a record that doesn't end with the record terminator) at the end of the entity, then a record start will be inserted before it but no record end will be inserted after it.

The attribute name and = can be omitted for this attribute.

zapeof
This specifies whether a Control-Z character that occurs as the final byte in the storage object should be stripped. The following values are allowed:
zapeof
A final Control-Z should be stripped.
nozapeof
A final Control-Z should not be stripped.

The default is zapeof except for NDATA entities, entities declared in storage objects with zapeof=nozapeof and storage objects with records=asis.

The attribute name and = can be omitted for this attribute.

bctf
The bctf (bit combination transformation format) attribute describes how the bit combinations of the storage object are transformed into the sequence of bytes that are contained in the object identified by the storage object identifier. This inverse of this transformation is performed when the entity manager reads the storage object. It has one of the following values:
identity
Each bit combination is represented by a single byte.
fixed-2
Each bit combination is represented by exactly 2 bytes, with the more significant byte first.
utf-8
Each bit combination is represented by a variable number of bytes according to UCS Transformation Format 8 defined in Annex P to be added by the first proposed drafted amendment (PDAM 1) to ISO/IEC
 10646-1:1993.
euc-jp
Each bit combination is treated as a pair of bytes, most significant byte first, encoding a character using the Extended_UNIX_Code_Fixed_Width_for_Japanese Internet charset, and is transformed into the variable length sequence of octets that would encode that character using the Extended_UNIX_Code_Packed_Format_for_Japanese Internet charset.
sjis
Each bit combination is treated as a pair of bytes, most significant byte first, encoding a character using the Extended_UNIX_Code_Fixed_Width_for_Japanese Internet charset, and is transformed into the variable length sequence of bytes that would encode that character using the Shift_JIS Internet charset.
unicode
Each bit combination is represented by 2 bytes. The bytes representing the entire storage object may be preceded by a pair of bytes representing the byte order mark character (0xFEFF). The bytes representing each bit combination are in the system byte order, unless the byte order mark character is present, in which case the order of its bytes determines the byte order. When the storage object is read, any byte order mark character is discarded.
is8859-N
N can be any single digit other than 0. Each bit combination is interpreted as the number of a character in ISO/IEC 10646 and is represented by the single byte that would encode that character in ISO 8859-N. These values are not supported with the -b option.

Values other than identity are supported only with the multi-byte version of nsgmls.

tracking
This specifies whether line boundaries should be tracked for this object: a value of track specifies that they should; a value of notrack specifies that they should not. The default value is track. Keeping track of where line boundaries occur in a storage object requires approximately one byte of storage per line and it may be desirable to disable this for very large storage objects.
The attribute name and = can be omitted for this attribute.
base
When the storage object identifier specified in the content of the storage object specification is relative, this specifies the base storage object identifier relative to which that storage object identifier should be resolved. When not specified a storage object identifier is interpreted relative to the storage object in which it is specified, provided that this has the same storage manager. This applies both to system identifiers specified in SGML documents and to system identifiers specified in the catalog entry files.
smcrd
The value is a single character that will be recognized in storage object identifiers (both in the content of storage object specifications and in the value of base attributes) as a storage manager character reference delimiter when followed by a digit. A storage manager character reference is like an SGML numeric character reference except that the number is interpreted as a character number in the inherent character set of the storage manager rather than the document character set. The default is for no character to be recognized as a storage manager character reference delimiter. Numeric character references cannot be used to prevent recognition of storage manager character reference delimiters.
fold
This applies only to the neutral storage manager. It specifies whether the storage object identifier should be folded to the customary case of the underlying storage manager if storage object identifiers for the underlying storage manager are case sensitive. The following values are allowed:
fold
The storage object identifier will be folded.
nofold
The storage object identifier will not be folded.

The default value is fold. The attribute name and = can be omitted for this attribute.

For example, on Unix filenames are case-sensitive and the customary case is lower-case. So if the underlying storage manager were osfile and the system was a Unix system, then <neutral>FOO.SGM would be equivalent to <osfile>foo.sgm.

A simple system identifier is interpreted as a storage object identifier with a storage manager that depends on where the system identifier was specified: if it was specified in a storage object whose storage manager was url or if the system identifier looks like an absolute URL in a supported scheme, the storage manager will be url; otherwise the storage manager will be osfile. The storage manager attributes are defaulted as for a formal system identifier. Numeric character references are not recognized in simple system identifiers.

System identifier generation

The entity manager generates an effective system identifier for every external entity using catalog entry files in the format defined by SGML Open Technical Resolution 9401:1994. The entity manager will give an error if it is unable to generate an effective system identifier for an external entity. Normally if the external identifier for an entity includes a system identifier then the entity manager will use that as the effective system identifier for the entity; this behaviour can be changed using OVERRIDE or SYSTEM entries in a catalog entry file.

A catalog entry file contains a sequence of entries in one of the following forms:

PUBLIC pubid sysid
This specifies that sysid should be used as the effective system identifier if the public identifier is pubid. Sysid is a system identifier as defined in ISO 8879 and pubid is a public identifier as defined in ISO 8879.
ENTITY name sysid
This specifies that sysid should be used as the effective system identifier if the entity is a general entity whose name is name.
ENTITY %name sysid
This specifies that sysid should be used as the effective system identifier if the entity is a parameter entity whose name is name. Note that there is no space between the % and the name.
DOCTYPE name sysid
This specifies that sysid should be used as the effective system identifier if the entity is an entity declared in a document type declaration whose document type name is name.
LINKTYPE name sysid
This specifies that sysid should be used as the effective system identifier if the entity is an entity declared in a link type declaration whose link type name is name.
NOTATION name sysid
This specifies that sysid should be used as the effective system identifier for a notation whose name is name. This is an extension to the SGML Open format. This is relevant only with the -n option.
OVERRIDE YES|NO
This sets the overriding mode for entries up to the next occurrence of OVERRIDE or the end of the catalog entry file. At the beginning of a catalog entry file the overriding mode will be NO. A PUBLIC, ENTITY, DOCTYPE, LINKTYPE or NOTATION entry with an overriding mode of YES will be used whether or not the external identifier has an explicit system identifier; those with an overriding mode of NO will be ignored if external identifier has an explicit system identifier. This is an extension to the SGML Open format.
SYSTEM sysid1 sysid2
This specifies that sysid2 should be used as the effective system identifier if the system identifier specified in the external identifier was sysid1. This is an extension to the SGML Open format.
SGMLDECL sysid
This specifies that if the document does not contain an SGML declaration, the SGML declaration in sysid should be implied.
DOCUMENT sysid
This specifies that the document entity is sysid. This entry is used only with the -C option.
CATALOG sysid
This specifies that sysid is the system identifier of an additional catalog entry file to be read after this one. Multiple CATALOG entries are allowed and will be read in order. This is an extension to the SGML Open format.

The delimiters can be omitted from the sysid provided it does not contain any white space. Comments are allowed between parameters delimited by -- as in SGML.

The environment variable SGML_CATALOG_FILES contains a list of catalog entry files. The list is separated by colons under Unix and by semi-colons under MSDOS. These will be searched after any catalog entry files specified using the -m option, and after the catalog entry file called catalog in the same place as the document entity. If this environment variable is not set, then a system dependent list of catalog entry files will be used. In fact catalog entry files are not restricted to being files: the name of a catalog entry file is interpreted as a system identifier.

A match in one catalog entry file will take precedence over any match in a later catalog entry file. A match in a catalog entry file for a SYSTEM entry will take precedence over a match in the same file for a PUBLIC, ENTITY, DOCTYPE, LINKTYPE or NOTATION entry. A match in a catalog entry file for a PUBLIC entry will take precedence over a match in the same file for an ENTITY, DOCTYPE, LINKTYPE or NOTATION entry.

System declaration

The system declaration for nsgmls is as follows:


tab(&); c1 s1 s1 s1 s1 s1 s1 s1 s c s s s s s s s s l l s s s s s s s l l s s s s s s s l l s s s s s s s l l l s s s s s s c s s s s s s s s l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l s s s s s s s l l l s s s s s s l l l s s s s s s c s s s s s s s s l l l l l l l l l. SYSTEM "ISO 8879:1986" CHARSET BASESET&"ISO 646-1983//CHARSET &International Reference Version (IRV)//ESC 2/5 4/0" DESCSET&0 128 0 CAPACITY&PUBLIC&"ISO 8879:1986//CAPACITY Reference//EN" FEATURES MINIMIZE&DATATAG&NO&OMITTAG&YES&RANK&YES&SHORTTAG&YES LINK&SIMPLE&YES 65535&IMPLICIT&YES&EXPLICIT&YES 1 OTHER&CONCUR&NO&SUBDOC&YES 100&FORMAL&YES SCOPE&DOCUMENT SYNTAX&PUBLIC&"ISO 8879:1986//SYNTAX Reference//EN" SYNTAX&PUBLIC&"ISO 8879:1986//SYNTAX Core//EN" VALIDATE &GENERAL&YES&MODEL&YES&EXCLUDE&YES&CAPACITY&NO &NONSGML&YES&SGML&YES&FORMAL&YES c s s s s s s s s l l l l l l l l l. SDIF &PACK&NO&UNPACK&NO

The limit for the SUBDOC parameter is memory dependent.

Any legal concrete syntax may be used.

SGML declaration

If the SGML declaration is omitted and there is no applicable SGMLDECL entry in a catalog, the following declaration will be implied:

tab(&); c1 s1 s1 s1 s1 s1 s1 s1 s c s s s s s s s s l l s s s s s s s. <!SGML "ISO 8879:1986" CHARSET BASESET&"ISO 646-1983//CHARSET &International Reference Version (IRV)//ESC 2/5 4/0" DESCSET&  0  9 UNUSED &  9  2  9 & 11  2 UNUSED & 13  1 13 & 14 18 UNUSED & 32 95 32 &127  1 UNUSED l l l s s s s s s l l s s s s s s s. CAPACITY&PUBLIC&"ISO 8879:1986//CAPACITY Reference//EN" SCOPE&DOCUMENT SYNTAX SHUNCHAR&CONTROLS 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 &18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 127 255 BASESET&"ISO 646-1983//CHARSET International Reference Version &(IRV)//ESC 2/5 4/0" DESCSET&0 128 0 l l l l s s s s s. FUNCTION&RE&&13 &RS&&10 &SPACE&&32 &TAB&SEPCHAR&9 NAMING&LCNMSTRT&"" &UCNMSTRT&"" &LCNMCHAR&"-." &UCNMCHAR&"-." &NAMECASE&GENERAL&YES &&ENTITY&NO DELIM&GENERAL&SGMLREF &SHORTREF&SGMLREF NAMES&SGMLREF QUANTITY&SGMLREF &ATTCNT&99999999 &ATTSPLEN&99999999 &DTEMPLEN&24000 &ENTLVL&99999999 &GRPCNT&99999999 &GRPGTCNT&99999999 &GRPLVL&99999999 &LITLEN&24000 &NAMELEN&99999999 &PILEN&24000 &TAGLEN&99999999 &TAGLVL&99999999 c s s s s s s s s l l l s s s s s s. FEATURES MINIMIZE&DATATAG&NO &OMITTAG&YES &RANK&YES &SHORTTAG&YES LINK&SIMPLE&YES 1000 &IMPLICIT&YES &EXPLICIT&YES 1 OTHER&CONCUR&NO &SUBDOC&YES 99999999 &FORMAL&YES c s s s s s s s s. APPINFO NONE>

with the exception that all characters that are neither significant not shunned will be assigned to DATACHAR.

A character in a base character set is described either by giving its number in a universal character set, or by specifying a minimum literal. The constraints on the choice of universal character set are that characters that are significant in the SGML reference concrete syntax must be in the universal character set and must have the same number in the universal character set as in ISO 646 and that each character in the character set must be represented by exactly one number; that character numbers in the range 0 to 31 and 127 to 159 are control characters (for the purpose of enforcing SHUNCHAR CONTROLS). It is recommended that ISO 10646 (Unicode) be used as the universal character set, except in environments where the normal document character sets are large character set which cannot be compactly described in terms of ISO 10646. The public identifier of a base character set can be associated with an entity that describes it by using a PUBLIC entry in the catalog entry file. The entity must be a fragment of an SGML declaration consisting of the portion of a character set description, following the DESCSET keyword, that is, it must be a sequence of character descriptions, where each character description specifies a described character number, the number of characters and either a character number in the universal character set, a minimum literal or the keyword UNUSED. Character numbers in the universal character set can be as big as 99999999.

In addition nsgmls has built in knowledge of a few character sets. These are identified using the designating sequence in the public identifier. The following designating sequences are recognized:

tab(&); c c c c c c c c c ^ c c c c ^ l n n n l. Designating&ISO&Minimum&Number&Description Escape&Registration&Character&of& Sequence&Number&Number&Characters& _ ESC 2/5 4/0&-&0&128&full set of ISO 646 IRV ESC 2/8 4/0&2&0&128&G0 set of ISO 646 IRV ESC 2/8 4/2&6&0&128&G0 set of ASCII ESC 2/1 4/0&1&0&32&C0 set of ISO 646

The graphic character sets do not strictly include C0 and C1 control character sets. For convenience, nsgmls augments the graphic character sets with the appropriate control character sets.

It is not necessary for every character set used in the SGML declaration to be known to nsgmls provided that characters in the document character set that are significant both in the reference concrete syntax and in the described concrete syntax are described using known base character sets and that characters that are significant in the described concrete syntax are described using the same base character sets or the same minimum literals in both the document character set description and the syntax reference character set description.

The public identifier for a public concrete syntax can be associated with an entity that describes using a PUBLIC entry in the catalog entry file. The entity must be a fragment of an SGML declaration consisting of a concrete syntax description starting with the SHUNCHAR keyword as in an SGML declaration. The entity can also make use of the following extensions:

An added function can be expressed as a parameter literal instead of a name.
The replacement for a reference reserved name can be expressed as a parameter literal instead of a name.
The LCNMSTRT, UCNMSTRT, LCNMCHAR and UCNMCHAR keywords may each be followed by more than one parameter literal. A sequence of parameter literals has the same meaning as a single parameter literal whose content is the concatenation of the content of each of the literals in the sequence. This extension is useful because of the restriction on the length of a parameter literal in the SGML declaration to 240 characters.
The total number of characters specified for UCNMCHAR or UCNMSTRT may exceed the total number of characters specified for LCNMCHAR or LCNMSTRT respectively. Each character in UCNMCHAR or UCNMSTRT which does not have a corresponding character in the same position in LCNMCHAR or LCNMSTRT is simply assigned to UCNMCHAR or UCNMSTRT without making it the upper-case form of any character.
A parameter following any of LCNMSTRT, UCNMSTRT, LCNMCHAR and UCNMCHAR keywords may be followed by the name token ... and another parameter literal. This has the same meaning as the two parameter literals with a parameter literal in between containing in order each character whose number is greater than the number of the last character in the first parameter literal and less than the number of the first character in the second parameter literal. A parameter literal must contain at least one character for each ... to which it is adjacent.
A number may be used as a parameter following the LCNMSTRT, UCNMSTRT, LCNMCHAR and UCNMCHAR keywords or as a delimiter in the DELIM section with the same meaning as a parameter literal containing just a numeric character reference with that number.
The parameters following the LCNMSTRT, UCNMSTRT, LCNMCHAR and UCNMCHAR keywords may be omitted. This has the same meaning as specifying an empty parameter literal.
Within the specification of the short reference delimiters, a parameter literal containing exactly one character may be followed by the name token ... and another parameter literal containing exactly one character. This has the same meaning as a sequence of parameter literals one for each character number that is greater than or equal to the number of the character in the first parameter literal and less than or equal to the number of the character in the second parameter literal.

The public identifier for a public capacity set can be associated with an entity that describes using a PUBLIC entry in the catalog entry file. The entity must be a fragment of an SGML declaration consisting of a sequence of capacity names and numbers.

Output format

The output is a series of lines. Lines can be arbitrarily long. Each line consists of an initial command character and one or more arguments. Arguments are separated by a single space, but when a command takes a fixed number of arguments the last argument can contain spaces. There is no space between the command character and the first argument. Arguments can contain the following escape sequences.
\\
A \.
\n
A record end character.
\|
Internal SDATA entities are bracketed by these.
\nnn
The character whose code is nnn octal.

A record start character will be represented by \012. Most applications will need to ignore \012 and translate \n into newline.

\#n;
The character whose number is n in decimal. n can have any number of digits. This is used for characters that are not representable by the encoding translation used for output (as specified by the NSGML_CODE environment variable). This will only occur with the multibyte version of nsgmls.

The possible command characters and arguments are as follows:

(gi
The start of an element whose generic identifier is gi. Any attributes for this element will have been specified with A commands.
)gi
The end of an element whose generic identifier is gi.
-data
Data.
&name
A reference to an external data entity name; name will have been defined using an E command.
?pi
A processing instruction with data pi.
Aname val
The next element to start has an attribute name with value val which takes one of the following forms:
IMPLIED
The value of the attribute is implied.
CDATA data
The attribute is character data. This is used for attributes whose declared value is CDATA.
NOTATION nname
The attribute is a notation name; nname will have been defined using a N command. This is used for attributes whose declared value is NOTATION.
ENTITY name...
The attribute is a list of general entity names. Each entity name will have been defined using an I, E or S command. This is used for attributes whose declared value is ENTITY or ENTITIES.
TOKEN token...
The attribute is a list of tokens. This is used for attributes whose declared value is anything else.
ID token
The attribute is an ID value. This will be output only if the -oid option is specified. Otherwise TOKEN will be used for ID values.
Dename name val
This is the same as the A command, except that it specifies a data attribute for an external entity named ename. Any D commands will come after the E command that defines the entity to which they apply, but before any & or A commands that reference the entity.
atype name val
The next element to start has a link attribute with link type type, name name, and value val, which takes the same form as with the A command.
Nnname
nname. Define a notation. This command will be preceded by a p command if the notation was declared with a public identifier, and by a s command if the notation was declared with a system identifier. If the -n option was specified, this command will also be preceded by an f command giving the system identifier generated by the entity manager (unless it was unable to generate one). A notation will only be defined if it is to be referenced in an E command or in an A command for an attribute with a declared value of NOTATION.
Eename typ nname
Define an external data entity named ename with type typ (CDATA, NDATA or SDATA) and notation not. This command will be preceded by an f command giving the system identifier generated by the entity manager (unless it was unable to generate one), by a p command if a public identifier was declared for the entity, and by a s command if a system identifier was declared for the entity. not will have been defined using a N command. Data attributes may be specified for the entity using D commands. If the -oentity option is not specified, an external data entity will only be defined if it is to be referenced in a & command or in an A command for an attribute whose declared value is ENTITY or ENTITIES.
Iename typ text
Define an internal data entity named ename with type typ and entity text text. The typ will be CDATA or SDATA unless the -oentity option was specified, in which case it can also be PI or TEXT (for an SGML text entity). If the -oentity option is not specified, an internal data entity will only be defined if it is referenced in an A command for an attribute whose declared value is ENTITY or ENTITIES.
Sename
Define a subdocument entity named ename. This command will be preceded by an f command giving the system identifier generated by the entity manager (unless it was unable to generate one), by a p command if a public identifier was declared for the entity, and by a s command if a system identifier was declared for the entity. If the -oentity option is not specified, a subdocument entity will only be defined if it is referenced in a { command or in an A command for an attribute whose declared value is ENTITY or ENTITIES.
Tename
Define an external SGML text entity named ename. This command will be preceded by an f command giving the system identifier generated by the entity manager (unless it was unable to generate one), by a p command if a public identifier was declared for the entity, and by a s command if a system identifier was declared for the entity. This command will be output only if the -oentity option is specified.
ssysid
This command applies to the next E, S, T or N command and specifies the associated system identifier.
ppubid
This command applies to the next E, S, T or N command and specifies the associated public identifier.
fsysid
This command applies to the next E, S, T or, if the -n option was specified, N command and specifies the system identifier generated by the entity manager from the specified external identifier and other information about the entity or notation.
{ename
The start of the SGML subdocument entity ename; ename will have been defined using a S command.
}ename
The end of the SGML subdocument entity ename.
Llineno file

Llineno
Set the current line number and filename. The file argument will be omitted if only the line number has changed. This will be output only if the -l option has been given.
#text
An APPINFO parameter of text was specified in the SGML declaration. This is not strictly part of the ESIS, but a structure-controlled application is permitted to act on it. No # command will be output if APPINFO NONE was specified. A # command will occur at most once, and may be preceded only by a single L command.
C
This command indicates that the document was a conforming SGML document. If this command is output, it will be the last command. An SGML document is not conforming if it references a subdocument entity that is not conforming.

ENVIRONMENT

SP_BCTF
If this is set to one of identity, utf-8, euc-jp and sjis, then that BCTF will be used as the default BCTF for everything (including file input, file output, message output, filenames and command line arguments).

SEE ALSO

The SGML Handbook, Charles F. Goldfarb
ISO 8879 (Standard Generalized Markup Language), International Organization for Standardization

More complete HTML documentation can be found in: /usr/share/doc/sp/index.htm

BUGS

Only with -t is all ESIS information for LINK is reported.

AUTHOR

James Clark (jjc@jclark.com).

BOULOT-BOULOT

P : Rrrrrrrrr
M : Pourquoi tu ronronnes ?
P : Pour faire croire à ce niais que ce qu'il me fait est agréable.
M : C'est pas agréable ?
P : Oh, tu sais, je fais juste mon boulot, c'est tout... Rrrrrrrrr