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pamfunc

Langue: en

Autres versions - même langue

Version: July 2007 (fedora - 04/07/09)

Section: 1 (Commandes utilisateur)

NAME

pamfunc - Apply a simple monadic arithmetic function to a Netpbm image

SYNOPSIS

pamfunc { -multiplier=realnum | -divisor=realnum | -adder=integer | -subtractor=integer | -min=wholenum | -max=wholenum -andmask=hexmask -ormask=hexmask -xormask=hexmask -not -shiftleft=count -shiftright=count } [filespec]

All options can be abbreviated to their shortest unique prefix. You may use two hyphens instead of one. You may separate an option name and its value with white space instead of an equals sign.

DESCRIPTION

This program is part of Netpbm(1).

pamfunc reads a Netpbm image as input and produces a Netpbm image as output, with the same format, maxval, and dimensions as the input. pamfunc applies a simple transfer function to each sample in the input to generate the corresponding sample in the output. The options determine what function.

pamarith is the same thing for binary functions -- it takes two images as input and applies a specified simple arithmetic function (e.g. addition) on pairs of samples from the two to produce the single output image.

OPTIONS

-multiplier=realnum

This option makes the transfer function that of multiplying by
     realnum.  realnum must be nonnegative.  If the result
     is greater than the image maxval, it is clipped to the maxval.

Where the input is a PGM or PPM image, this has the effect of
     dimming or brightening it.  For a different kind of brightening,
     see ppmbrighten(1)and ppmflash(1)

Also, see ppmdim(1),whichdoesthe
     same thing as pamfunc -multiplier on a PPM image with a
     multiplier between 0 and 1,
     except it uses integer arithmetic, so it may be faster.

And ppmfade(1)cangenerateawhole
     sequence of images of brightness declining to black or increasing to
     white, if that's what you want.
     

-divisor=realnum

This option makes the transfer function that of dividing by
     realnum.  realnum must be nonnegative.  If the result
     is greater than the image maxval, it is clipped to the maxval.

This is the same function as you would get with -multiplier,
     specifying the multiplicative inverse of realnum.
     

-adder=integer

This option makes the transfer function that of adding
     wholenum.  If the result is greater than the image maxval,
     it is clipped to the maxval.  If it is less than zero, it is
     clipped to zero.

Note that in mathematics, this entity is called an 'addend,'
     and an 'adder' is a snake.  We use 'adder' because
     it makes more sense.
     

-subtractor=integer

This option makes the transfer function that of subtracting
     wholenum.  If the result is greater than the image maxval,
     it is clipped to the maxval.  If it is less than zero, it is
     clipped to zero.

Note that in mathematics, this entity is called a
     'subtrahend' rather than a 'subtractor.'  We
     use 'subtractor' because it makes more sense.

This is the same function as you would get with -adder,
     specifying the negative of integer.
     

-min=wholenum

This option makes the transfer function that of taking the
     maximum of the argument and wholenum.  I.e the minimum
     value in the output will be wholenum.


     If wholenum is greater than the maxval, though, every sample
     in the output will be maxval.

-max=wholenum

This option makes the transfer function that of taking the
     minimum of the argument and wholenum.  I.e the maximum
     value in the output will be wholenum.


     If wholenum is greater than the maxval, the function is
     idempotent -- the output is identical to the input.
     

-andmask=hexmask

This option makes the transfer function that of bitwise anding
     with hexmask.

hexmask is in hexadecimal. Example: 0f

See section Maxval for the special
     meaning of maxval with respect to bit string operations such as
     this.

This option was new in Netpbm 10.40 (September 2007).

-ormask=hexmask

This option makes the transfer function that of bitwise
     inclusive oring with hexmask.

This is analogous to -andmask.

This option was new in Netpbm 10.40 (September 2007).

-xormask=hexmask

This option makes the transfer function that of bitwise
     exclusive oring with hexmask.

This is analogous to -andmask.

This option was new in Netpbm 10.40 (September 2007).

-not

This option makes the transfer function that of bitwise logical
     inversion (e.g. sample value 0xAA becomes 0x55).

See section Maxval for the special
     meaning of maxval with respect to bit string operations such as
     this.

pnminvert does the same thing for a bilevel visual image
     which has maxval 1 or is of PBM type.

This option was new in Netpbm 10.40 (September 2007).

-shiftleft=count

This option makes the transfer function that of bitwise shifting
     left by count bits.

See section Maxval for the special
     meaning of maxval with respect to bit string operations such as
     this.

This option was new in Netpbm 10.40 (September 2007).

-shiftright=count

This option makes the transfer function that of bitwise shifting
     right by count bits.

This is analogous to -shiftleft.

This option was new in Netpbm 10.40 (September 2007).

MAXVAL

For the arithmetic functions, the maxval has no meaning. The function applies to the sample value as an integer. (Note that this differs from the usual interpretation of PAM samples as being a fraction of a maxval, but does produce more intuitive result: 2 times 5 is 10.

But with the bit string operations, the maxval has a special meaning. The functions in question are: -andmask, -ormask, -xormask, -not, -shiftleft, and -shiftright.

With these, each sample value the input image, and in the output image, represents a bit string, not a number. The maxval tells how wide the bit string is. The maxval must be a full binary count (a power of two minus one, such as 0xff) and the number of ones in it is the width of the bit string.

For a masking function, the mask value you specify must not have more significant bits than the width indicated by the maxval.

For a shifting operation, the shift count you specify must not be greater than the width indicated by the maxval.

The maxval of the output image is the same as that of the input image.

SEE ALSO

ppmdim(1), ppmbrighten(1), pamdepth(1), pamarith(1), pamsummcol(1), pamsumm(1), ppmfade(1), pnminvert(1), pam(1), pnm(1),

HISTORY

This program was added to Netpbm in Release 10.3 (June 2002).

parce que ça arriverait très vite à un plat de spaghettis dégoulinant de sauce
à la dépendance non résolue. Imagine Mysql en RPM, Postgres en deb et colle
dessus un Php en sources et un Apache en tgz. Vavavoum la machine !
-+- TTH in GFA : Restauration rapide ? -+-