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Langue: en

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Version: SGI (ubuntu - 24/10/10)

Section: 1 (Commandes utilisateur)


pmlogextract - reduce, extract, concatenate and merge Performance Co-Pilot archives


$PCP_BINADM_DIR/pmlogextract [-dfwz] [-c configfile] [-n pmnsfile] [-S starttime] [-s samples] [-T endtime] [-v volsamples] [-Z timezone] input [...] output


pmlogextract reads one or more Performance Co-Pilot (PCP) archive logs identified by input and creates a temporally merged and/or reduced PCP archive log in output. The nature of merging is controlled by the number of input archive logs, while the nature of data reduction is controlled by the command line arguments. The input(s) must be PCP archive logs created by pmlogger(1) with performance data collected from the same host, but usually over different time periods and possibly (although not usually) with different performance metrics being logged.

If only one input is specified, then the default behavior simply copies the input PCP archive log, into the output PCP archive log. When two or more PCP archive logs are specified as input, the logs are merged (or concatenated) and written to output.

In the output archive log a ``mark'' record will be inserted at a time just past the end of each of the input archive logs to indicate a possible temporal discontinuity between the end of one input archive log and the start of the next input archive log. See the MARK RECORDS section below for more information. There is no ``mark'' record after the end of the last (in temporal order) of the input archive logs.


The command line options for pmlogextract are as follows:
-c configfile
Extract only the metrics specified in configfile from the input PCP archive log(s). The configfile syntax accepted by pmlogextract is explained in more detail in the Configuration File Syntax section.
Desperate mode. Normally if a fatal error occurs, all trace of the partially written PCP archive output is removed. With the -d option, the output archive log is not removed.
For most common uses, all of the input archive logs will have been collected in the same timezone. But if this is not the case, then pmlogextract must choose one of the timezones from the input archive logs to be used as the timezone for the output archive log. The default is to use the timezone from the last input archive log. The -f option forces the timezone from the first input archive log to be used.
-n pmnsfile
Normally pmlogextract operates on the Performance Metrics Name Space (PMNS) from input, however if the -n option is specified an alternative local PMNS is loaded from the file pmnsfile.
-S starttime
Define the start of a time window to restrict the samples retrieved or specify a ``natural'' alignment of the output sample times; refer to PCPIntro(1). See also the -w option.
-s samples
The argument samples defines the number of samples to be written to output. If samples is 0 or -s is not specified, pmlogextract will sample until the end of the PCP archive log, or the end of the time window as specified by -T, whichever comes first. The -s option will override the -T option if it occurs sooner.
-T endtime
Define the termination of a time window to restrict the samples retrieved or specify a ``natural'' alignment of the output sample times; refer to PCPIntro(1). See also the -w option.

The output archive log is potentially a multi-volume data set, and the -v option causes pmlogextract to start a new volume after volsamples log records have been written to the archive log.

Where -S and -T specify a time window within the same day, the -w flag will cause the data within the time window to be extracted, for every day in the archive log. For example, the options -w -S @11:00 -T @15:00 specify that pmlogextract should include archive log records only for the periods from 11am to 3pm on each day. When -w is used, the output archive log will contain ``mark'' records to indicate the temporal discontinuity between the end of one time window and the start of the next.
-Z timezone
Use timezone when displaying the date and time. Timezone is in the format of the environment variable TZ as described in environ(5).
Use the local timezone of the host from the input archive logs. The default is to initially use the timezone of the local host.


The configfile contains metrics of interest, listed one per line. Instances may also be specified, but they are optional. The format for each metric name is

        metric [[instance[,instance...]]]

where metric may be a leaf or a non-leaf node in the Performance Metrics Namespace (PMNS, see pmns(4)). If a metric refers to a non-leaf node in the PMNS, pmlogextract will recursively descend the PMNS and include all metrics corresponding to descendent leaf nodes. Instances are optional, and may be specified as a list of one or more space (or comma) separated names, numbers or strings. Elements in the list that are numbers are assumed to be external instance identifiers - see pmGetInDom(3) for more information. If no instances are given, then the logging specification is applied to all instances of the associated metric(s).


This is an example of a valid configfile:

        # config file for pmlogextract

        kernel.percpu.cpu.sys ["cpu0","cpu1"] ["dks0d1"]


When more than one input archive log contributes performance data to the output archive log, then ``mark'' records are inserted to indicate a possible discontinuity in the performance data.

A ``mark'' record contains a timestamp and no performance data and is used to indicate that there is a time period in the PCP archive log where we do not know the values of any performance metrics, because there was no pmlogger(1) collecting performance data during this period. Since these periods are often associated with the restart of a service or pmcd(1) or a system, there may be considerable doubt as to the continuity of performance data across this time period.

The rationale behind ``mark'' records may be demonstrated with an example. Consider one input archive log that starts at 00:10 and ends at 09:15 on the same day, and another input archive log that starts at 09:20 on the same day and ends at 00:10 the following morning. The would be a very common case for archives managed and rotated by pmlogger_check(1) and pmlogger_daily(1).

The output archive log would contain:
00:10.000  first record from first input archive log

09:15.000  last record from first input archive log

09:15.001  <mark record>

09:20.000  first record from second input archive log

01:10.000  last record from second input archive log

The time period where the performance data is missing starts just after 09:15 and ends just before 09:20. When the output archive log is processed with any of the PCP reporting tools, the ``mark'' record is used to indicate a period of missing data. For example in the archive above, if one was reporting the average I/O rate at 30 minute intervals, aligned on the hour, then there would be data for the intervals ending at 09:00 and 10:00 but no data reported for the interval ending at 09:30 as this spans a ``mark'' record.

The presence of ``mark'' records in a PCP archive log can be established using pmdumplog(1) where a timestamp and the annotation <mark> is used to indicate a ``mark'' record.


For each of the input and output archive logs, several physical files are used.
metadata (metric descriptions, instance domains, etc.) for the archive log
initial volume of metrics values (subsequent volumes have suffixes 1, 2, ...)
temporal index to support rapid random access to the other files in the archive log.


Environment variables with the prefix PCP_ are used to parameterize the file and directory names used by PCP. On each installation, the file /etc/pcp.conf contains the local values for these variables. The $PCP_CONF variable may be used to specify an alternative configuration file, as described in pcp.conf(4).


PCPIntro(1), pmdumplog(1), pmlc(1), pmlogger(1), pmlogreduce(1), pcp.conf(4) and pcp.env(4).


All error conditions detected by pmlogextract are reported on stderr with textual (if sometimes terse) explanation.

Should one of the input archive logs be corrupted (this can happen if the pmlogger instance writing the log suddenly dies), then pmlogextract will detect and report the position of the corruption in the file, and any subsequent information from that archive log will not be processed.

If any error is detected, pmlogextract will exit with a non-zero status.


The preamble metrics (pmcd.pmlogger.archive,, and pmcd.pmlogger.port), which are automatically recorded by pmlogger at the start of the archive, may not be present in the archive output by pmlogextract. These metrics are only relevant while the archive is being created, and have no significance once recording has finished.
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