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Langue: en

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Version: 313715 (ubuntu - 07/07/09)

Section: 1 (Commandes utilisateur)


PWM - An X11 window manager


pwm3 [options]


The original PWM was the first tabbing window manager. This version of PWM is based on the code of Ion and is actually exactly the same window manager with only differences in default configuration files, configuration file lookup paths and some options.


-display host:display.screen
X display to manage
-conffile configfile
Configuration file to use instead of default
-searchdir dir
Directory to search for configuration files and other scripts
On X servers with multiple (traditional non-Xinerama) screens, manage only default screen (root window), not all, as given by the -display option or in the DISPLAY environment variable.
-session session_name
Set session name. This option affects where workspace and other save files are put (~/.pwm3/session_name if option set).
Show help on command line options
Show version
Show about text (version, author, license)


These are the default key and pointer bindings. (Mod1) depends on your system. On PC:s with XFree86 it is probably bound to the left Alt key (Alt_L). On Suns it is usually bound to the diamond keys (Meta_L, Meta_R). Use xmodmap(1x) to find out.

The string in square brackets after a binding group heading below indicates the module that whose configuration file defines these bindings.

Globally available bindings

Mod1+1, Mod1+2, Mod1+3, Mod1+4, Mod1+5, Mod1+6, Mod1+7, Mod1+8, Mod1+9, Mod1+0
Switch to n:th object (workspace, full screen client window) within current screen.
Mod1+comma, Mod1+period
Switch to next/previous object within current screen.
Mod1+K K
Go to first region demanding attention or previously active one.
Mod1+K T
Clear all tags.
Mod1+Shift+1, Mod1+Shift+2
Go to n:th screen on multihead setup.
Mod1+Shift+comma, Mod1+Shift+period
Go to next/previous screen on multihead setup.
Create a new workspace of chosen default type.
Button3 press
Display the main menu.
Button2 press
Display the window list menu.
Forward-circulate focus.
Mod1+K Tab
Backward-circulate focus.
Mod1+K R
Raise focused object, if possible.
Display the main menu.

Bindings operating on all frames and screens and their children

Close current object.

Bindings operating on all frames and their children

Mod1+K H, Mod1+K V
Maximize the frame horizontally/vertically.
Button3 press
Display context menu.
Begin move/resize mode.
Button1 click at tab, Button2 click at tab
Switch the frame to display the object indicated by the tab.
Button1 drag at border, Mod1+Button3 drag
Resize the frame.
Mod1+Button1 drag
Move the frame.
Button1 drag at tab, Button2 drag at tab
Move objects between frames by dragging and dropping the tab.
Button1 double click at tab
Toggle shade mode
Button1 press at tab, Button1 press at border, Mod1+Button1 click
Raise the frame.
Mod1+Button3 click
Lower the frame.
Button1 drag at tab
Move the frame.

Bindings operating on top-level (non-transient) frames as well as screens

Toggle tag of current object.
Run a terminal emulator.
Mod1+K D
Detach (float) or reattach an object to its previous location.
Show the PWM manual page.
Display context menu.

Bindings operating on top-level (non-transient) frames

Mod1+K 1, Mod1+K 2, Mod1+K 3, Mod1+K 4, Mod1+K 5, Mod1+K 6, Mod1+K 7, Mod1+K 8, Mod1+K 9, Mod1+K 0
Switch to n:th object within the frame.
Mod1+K N, Mod1+K P
Switch to next/previous object within the frame.
Mod1+K comma, Mod1+K period
Move current object within the frame left/right.
Mod1+K H, Mod1+K V
Maximize the frame horizontally/vertically.
Mod1+K A
Attach tagged objects to this frame.

Bindings for client windows

Nudge the client window. This might help with some programs' resizing problems.
Mod1+K C
Kill client owning the client window.
Mod1+K Q
Send next key press to the client window. Some programs may not allow this by default.
Toggle client window group full-screen mode

Move/resize mode bindings

Cancel the resize mode.
End the resize mode.
Left, Right, Up, Down, F, B, P, N
Grow in specified direction.
Shift+Left, Shift+Right, Shift+Up, Shift+Down, Shift+F, Shift+B, Shift+P, Shift+N
Shrink in specified direction.
Mod1+Left, Mod1+Right, Mod1+Up, Mod1+Down, Mod1+F, Mod1+B, Mod1+P, Mod1+N
Move in specified direction.

Bindings for menus [mod_menu]

Escape, Control+G, Control+C, Left
Close the menu.
Return, KP_Enter, Control+M, Right
Activate current menu entry.
Control+N, Control+P, Up, Down
Select next/previous menu entry.
Clear the menu's typeahead find buffer.


System default main configuration file
Other configuration files
Colour scheme configuration files
User configuration files
User default main configuration file (overrides system default)


For more information, see ion3(1).


Both PWM and Ion have been written by Tuomo Valkonen <tuomov at>.
L'amour-propre est un ballon gonflé par le vent dont il sort des
tempêtes quand on y fait une piqûre.
-+- Voltaire -+-