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r.in.wms

Langue: en

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Version: 369364 (fedora - 01/12/10)

Section: 1 (Commandes utilisateur)

NAME

r.in.wms - Downloads and imports data from WMS servers.

KEYWORDS

wms

SYNOPSIS

r.in.wms
r.in.wms help
r.in.wms [-ldockp] [output=string] mapserver=string [layers=string[,string,...]] [styles=string[,string,...]] [srs=string] format=string [wmsquery=string] maxcols=integer maxrows=integer [tileoptions=string] [region=string] [folder=string] [wgetoptions=string] [curloptions=string] method=string [v=integer] [--overwrite] [--verbose] [--quiet]

Flags:

-l

List available layers and exit
-d

Skip to downloading (to resume downloads faster)
-o

Don't request transparent data.
-c

Clean existing data out of download directory.
-k

Keep band numbers instead of using band color names.
-p

Don't reproject the data, just patch it.
--overwrite

Allow output files to overwrite existing files
--verbose

Verbose module output
--quiet

Quiet module output

Parameters:

output=string

Name for output raster map
mapserver=string

Mapserver to request data from
layers=string[,string,...]

Layers to request from map server
styles=string[,string,...]

Styles to request from map server
srs=string

Source projection to request from server
Default: EPSG:4326
format=string

Image format requested from the server
Options: geotiff,tiff,jpeg,gif,png
Default: geotiff
wmsquery=string

Addition query options for server
Default: version=1.1.1
maxcols=integer

Maximum columns to request at a time
Default: 1024
maxrows=integer

Maximum rows to request at a time
Default: 1024
tileoptions=string

Additional options for r.tileset
region=string

Named region to request data for. Current region used if omitted
folder=string

Folder to save downloaded data to
wgetoptions=string

Additional options for wget
Default: -c -t 5 -nv
curloptions=string

Additional options for curl
Default: -C - --retry 5 -s -S
method=string

Reprojection method to use
Options: nearest,bilinear,cubic,cubicspline
Default: nearest
v=integer

Verbosity level
Default: 1

DESCRIPTION

r.in.wms handles all of downloading and importing raster data from an OpenGIS dqWMS" web mapping server. It need only be told the desired data to collect (bounds and resolution) via a region, the server to get the data from, and the layer or layers to get. It downloads the data in tiles, reprojects it, imports it, and patches it back together.

NOTES

By default data is downloaded to $GISDBASE/wms_download. This can be changed by setting the folder= option when using r.in.wms.

To understand the data you are getting it is necessary to look at the capabilities of the WMS server. This should be available via a capabilities request. This is an example capabilities request to NASA's OnEarth server.

Some brain-dead servers will only talk to certain web browsers. You can fool these by adding "--user-agent=MSIE5.5" to wgetoptions or for curl adding "-A "MSIE5.5" to curloptions.

EXAMPLES

General Get Capabilities Request

A capabilities request like http://wms.jpl.nasa.gov/wms.cgi?request=GetCapabilities is where you should start. It tells you what data is offered, the projections it is in, where to find meta data, resolutions, scales, and bounds for data, etc.

NASA OnEarth server: Get Capabilities Request


r.in.wms mapserver=http://wms.jpl.nasa.gov/wms.cgi -l
Lists the layers available from the NASA OnEarth server. The output is more reliable if xml2 is installed.

US NED Elevation from OnEarth server download (metric units)

Set the resolution to 30 (assuming you're in metric units):
g.region res=30 -ap
r.in.wms output=elevation_meters mapserver=http://wms.jpl.nasa.gov/wms.cgi rs

         layers=us_ned styles=real -o
Downloads real number meter elevation from OnEarth to cover the current region. Uses -o for opaque to get smaller download.

US NED Elevation from OnEarth server download (feet units)

Set the resolution to 90 (assuming you're in feet units) a save this region with a name; this makes resuming downloads possible or rather easier:
g.region res=90 -ap
g.region save=panhandle-90ft

r.in.wms output=elevation_feet mapserver=http://wms.jpl.nasa.gov/wms.cgi rs

         layers=us_ned styles=feet_real -o region=panhandle-90ft
Downloads real number feet elevation from OnEarth to cover the current region. Uses -o for opaque to get smaller download. Using a named region lets us resume later easily.
r.in.wms output=elevation_feet mapserver=http://wms.jpl.nasa.gov/wms.cgi rs

         layers=us_ned styles=feet_real -o region=panhandle-90ft -d method=cubic

-d skips ahead to downloading. This could be used to try downloading again (if some files failed last time) or to import the data differently. Since downloaded files are remembered those already received successfully are not re-requested. In this case we are reimporting the data using the cubic interpolation method instead of nearest neighbor.

LANDSAT from OnEarth server download

Set the resolution to 30 meters for LANDSAT:
g.region res=30 -ap
r.in.wms layers=global_mosaic mapserver=http://wms.jpl.nasa.gov/wms.cgi rs

         output=wms_global_mosaic
Downloads LANDSAT color scene.

DRG from Terraserver server download

Set the resolution to 1.2 meters for DRGs. Their native resolution is 2.4 meters, so this is some pretty hefty oversampling:
g.region res=1.2 -ap
g.region save=drg-resolution

r.in.wms output=terraserver-drg mapserver=http://terraserver.microsoft.com/ogcmap6.ashx rs

         layers=DRG region=drg-resolution format=jpeg srs=EPSG:26910
Downloads digital raster graphics from Microsoft TerraServer. Note that srs will need to be changed to a projection that is appropriate for your region.

REQUIRED PROGRAMS

r.in.wms requires the following programs to work:
wget: An http download program, or
curl: Alternate http download program
bc: A calculator program
sed, grep: Unix string processing and search programs
gdalwarp: A reprojection tool, needed only if data is projected into this location.
xml2: An xml parser. Enables more accurate listing of layers on the server.

SEE ALSO

r.tileset, r.in.gdal, r.patch

AUTHORS

Soeren Gebbert, Jachym Cepicky, and Cedric Shock

Last changed: $Date: 2007-12-17 14:53:55 +0100 (Mon, 17 Dec 2007) $

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