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Langue: en

Version: 259409 (debian - 07/07/09)

Section: 1 (Commandes utilisateur)


 rfinger - SOCKS client version of finger
 rftp - SOCKS client version of ftp
 rtelnet - SOCKS client version of telnet
 rwhois - SOCKS client version of whois


See the man pages on finger(1), ftp(1), telnet(1), whois(1).


These programs provide the well-known functionalities to hosts within a firewall. Normally, when a firewall is constructed, IP-accessibility across the firewall is cut off to reduce security risk to hosts within the firewall. As a result, inside hosts can no longer use many of the well-known tools directly to access the resources outside the firewall.

These programs restore the convenience of the well-known tools while maintaining the security requirement. Though the programs differ very much from their counterparts in the use of the communication scheme, they should behave almost indistinguishable to the users. Note though that rftp does echo the password as you type it in if you are using anonymous as log-in name. Unlike those of the previous versions, these are "versatile" clients, meaning that they can be used for connections to inside hosts directly and to outside hosts via SOCKS proxy servers. So they can be used as replacements of their traditional counterparts.

When any of these programs starts, if the environment variable SOCKS_BANNER is defined, the program prints to stderr its version number and the name or IP address of its default SOCKS proxy server. It then consults the configuration file to determine whether a request should be allowed or denied based on the requesting user, the destination host, and the requested service. For allowable requests, the configuration file also dictates whether direct or proxy connection should be used to the given destination, and optionally the actual SOCKS servers to use for the proxy connection. The program lookps first for the frozen configuration file /etc/socks.fc first. If that's not found, it then looks for the file /etc/socks.conf. If both files are absent, these programs will only try direct connections to the destination hosts, making them behaving like their regular counterparts.

You can use environment variable SOCKS_NS to set the nameserver for domainname resolutions. Be sure you use the IP address of the nameserver you want to use, not its domainname. If SOCKS_NS doesn't exist, the IP address defined by the symbol SOCKS_DEFAULT_NS at compile time is used if the programs were compiled with that symbol defined. Otherwise the nameservers specified in /etc/resolv.conf are used.

All the client programs uses syslog with facility daemon and level notice to log their activities. These log lines usually appear in file /var/adm/messages though that can be changed by modifying /etc/syslog.conf. (See syslogd(8) and syslog.conf(5).) Typical lines look like

 Apr 11 10:02:23 eon rfinger[631]: connect() from don(don) to (finger) using sockd at socksserv
 May 10 08:39:07 eon rftp[603]: connect() directly from blue(blue) to (ftp)
 May 10 08:39:09 eon rftp[603]: bind() directly from blue(blue) for (ftp)
 May 18 13:31:19 eon rtelnet[830]: connect() from root(jon) to (telnet) using sockd at sockd2
 May 18 14:51:19 eon rtelnet[921]: refused -- connect() from jon(jon) to (telnet)

Of the two user-ids appearing in each log line, the first is the effective user-id when the program is invoked, the second (that within the parentheses) is the one used at login. Access control applies to the effective user-ids.


finger(1), ftp(1), sockd(8), sockd.conf(5), socks.conf(5), telnet(1), whois(1)


SOCKS_SERVER, if defined, specifies the name or IP address of the SOCKS proxy server host to use, overriding the default server compiled into the programs.

SOCKS_NS, if defined, specify the IP address of the domain nameserver that should be used for name resolution, overriding both the definition of symbol SOCKS_DEFAULT_NS and the file /etc/resolv.conf.

ORIG_FINGER, if defined, specified the (altered) full pathname of the original finger program, which should have been renamed before installing the rfinger as the regular finger. The rfinger program invokes the original finger program to lookup information on local users. Normally this name should be compiled directly into rfinger, avoiding the need for this environment variable. Use ORIG_FINGERFR only if you want to override what is compiled into rfinger.


David Koblas,

Ying-Da Lee,

Tout est mystère dans l'amour.
-+- Jean de La Fontaine (1621-1695),
L'Amour et la Folie (Fables XII.14) -+-