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sweepgen

Langue: en

Version: 256766 (debian - 07/07/09)

Section: 1 (Commandes utilisateur)

NAME

sweepgen - an Ncurses based sweep generator program

SYNOPSIS

sweepgen [options]

DESCRIPTION

sweepgen is a simple sweep signal generator program, with an Ncurses based user interface, that can digitally generate waveforms on the LINUX /dev/dsp device. 8 or 16 bit samples can be generated depending on the hardware.

sweepgen in MONO mode outputs the generated swept waveform. In STEREO mode the swept waveform is output on one channel, and the sweeping waveform is output on the second channel.

The sweeping frequency is by default specified as an integer number of Hertz. Fractional Hertz frequencies, specifiable to 0.1Hz or 0.01Hz resolution, are supported by use of the -res command line option, or the resolution parameter in the configuration file(s). However be warned at 0.1Hz resolution the basic waveform sample buffers generated are each 10 times (and at 0.01Hz resolution 100 times) as big as the samplerate. It typically requires 5.5Mbytes of memory to run at 0.1Hz resolution, 16bit 32000 samples/sec. and 55Mbytes of memory to run at 0.01Hz resolution. Because of the large buffer sizes, the initial waveform calculation time can also be lengthy. Remember also that the waveforms are re-calculated whenever the playing parameters, 8/16bit, mono/stereo, samplerate are changed.

The swept waveform frequencies are specified either as a lower and upper frequency, or as a centre frequency with a frequency variation.

1000 500
would signify a range of 1000-500 Hz to 1000+500 Hz, i.e. 500 to 1500 Hz

Of course, only frequencies less than half the samplerate (number of samples/sec) can be generated. Although this is not checked.

The waveforms that can be used as either the sweeping or swept signals are:

sine
A standard sine wave
square
a standard square wave with a 50% mark space ratio
triangle
a linear rise from 0 to peak, thru' 0 to negative peak, and back to 0
sawtooth
a ramp waveform with 'infinitely' fast flyback (:-) An ideal oscilloscope timebase signal.
noise
This is weak. All it consists of is one second of pseudo-randomly generated samples, played repeatedly. I'd love to do proper white/pink noise, but I don't know enough, and I don't think the structure of the program is conducive to accurate noise generation.
pulse
A square waveform where the mark/space ratio (as a percentage) is 10% (mark/space ratio of 1:9).

A lot of thought has gone into the algorithms for generating the waveforms. I believe the sin/cos wave to be very pure (modulo your sound card :-), but I don't have access to a THD meter to measure it.

At 1Hz resolution, sweepgen generates one seconds worth of 1 Hz samples at the specified samplerate, for each waveform, and generates sweeping frequency F by circularly sampling every Fth sample. These samples are scaled to fit the swept frequency range and are used to sample the swept waveform to generate the swept signal. Each buffer fragment is generated for the parameter(s) set at that moment. By default, buffer fragment sizes are set so that aprox. 10 fragments/sec are generated. Changing a generation parameter, e.g. waveform, frequency, will impact the next buffer fragment generated, and hence changes appear to be almost immediate.

If your sounds periodically 'breaks' up with clicks or breaks, it is usually a sign that siggen is not being scheduled sufficiently often. Either up the priority (see nice et al.), kill off other processes, get a faster processor, or increase the number of audio buffer fragments that siggen uses. This last will make siggen respond more sluggishly to changes in generation parameters. syslogd and crond are two processes that I've found useful to kill off - YMMV.

Defaults
output to /dev/dsp, 22050 samples/sec, stereo if stereo card else mono, 16 bit samples if possible, else 8 bit.

CONFIGURATION FILES

Three possible configuration files can be used: a LOCAL config file (usually in current directory), a HOME config file in user's $HOME directory and a GLOBAL config file.

All the siggen suite of programs are compiled with the names of the config files built in. By default the configuration files are:

./.siggen.conf
is the LOCAL config file.
$HOME/.siggen.conf
is the HOME config file.
/etc/siggen.conf
is the GLOBAL config file.
siggen -h
will indicate which config files will be searched for.

The config files do not have to exist. If they exist and are readable by the program they are used, otherwise they are simply ignored.

The config files are always searched for configuration values in the order LOCAL, HOME, GLOBAL. This allows a scheme where the sysadmin sets up default config values in the GLOBAL config file, but allows a user to set some or all different values in their own HOME config file, and to set yet more specific values when run from a particular directory.

If no configuration files exist, the program provides builtin default values, and most of these values can be set by appropriate command line switches and flags.

See siggen.conf(5) for details of the configuration files.

sweepgen looks for configuration values BUFFERSPERSEC, CHANNELS, DACFILE, FRAGMENTS, RESOLUTION, SAMPLERATE, SAMPLESIZE, VERBOSE, VI_KEYS.

BUFFERSPERSEC
The aprox. number of sound buffer fragments to play every second (Sound buffersize is always a power of 2).
CHANNELS
sets the number of channels, mono or stereo.
DACFILE
allows the name of the DAC/DSP/PCM device to be changed from /dev/dsp
FRAGMENTS
The number of Audio Buffers to configure in the driver.
RESOLUTION
The minimum change possible to the frequency setting. Only 3 values allowed: 1Hz , 0.1Hz or 0.01Hz
SAMPLERATE
sets the number of samples/sec for the DAC device
SAMPLESIZE
sets whether 8 or 16 bit samples to be generated
VERBOSE
sets whether or not to run in verbose mode.
VI_KEYS
if set then the VI cursor moving keys "HJKL" are enabled

OPTIONS

-h
display usage and help info
-v
be verbose
-s samples
generate with samplerate of samples/sec
-8|-16 or -b 8|16
force 8 bit or 16 bit mode.
-1|-2
mono or stereo mode
-res n
set resolution of frequency generation. Valid values are: 1Hz, 0.l1Hz or 0.01Hz

EXAMPLES

 

FILES

 

SEE ALSO swgen, signalgen, siggen, tones

BUGS

 

COPYING Copyright 1995-2008 Jim Jackson

The software described by this manual is covered by the GNU General Public License, Version 2, June 1991, issued by :

Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
675 Mass Ave,
Cambridge, MA 02139, USA

Permission is granted to make and distribute verbatim copies of this manual provided the copyright notice and this permission notice are preserved on all copies.

Permission is granted to copy and distribute modified versions of this manual under the conditions for verbatim copying, provided that the entire resulting derived work is distributed under the terms of a permission notice identical to this one.

Permission is granted to copy and distribute translations of this manual into another language, under the above conditions for modified versions, except that this permission notice may be included in translation instead of in the original English.

AUTHOR

Jim Jackson

Email: jj@franjam.org.uk

ATROCITÉ

P : Pourquoi t'as acheté le CD de "Notre dame de Paris" ? T'aimes ça ?
M : Nan ! C'est une preuve pour les générations futures... Les révisionnistes ne pourront pas dire que ça n'a pas existé !