Rechercher une page de manuel

Chercher une autre page de manuel:

v.out.ogr.1grass

Langue: en

Version: 338029 (ubuntu - 24/10/10)

Section: 1 (Commandes utilisateur)

NAME

v.out.ogr - Converts to one of the supported OGR vector formats.

KEYWORDS

vector, export

SYNOPSIS

v.out.ogr
v.out.ogr help
v.out.ogr [-cep] input=name [type=string[,string,...]] dsn=string [olayer=string] [layer=integer] [format=string] [dsco=string[,string,...]] [lco=string[,string,...]] [--verbose] [--quiet]

Flags:

-c

Export features with category (labeled) only. Otherwise all features are exported
-e

Use ESRI-style .prj file format (applies to Shapefile output only)
-p

Export lines as polygons
--verbose

Verbose module output
--quiet

Quiet module output

Parameters:

input=name

Name of input vector map
type=string[,string,...]

Feature type. Combination of types is not supported by all formats.
Options: point,kernel,centroid,line,boundary,area,face
Default: line,boundary
dsn=string

OGR output datasource name
For example: ESRI Shapefile: filename or directory for storage
olayer=string

OGR layer name. If not specified, input name is used.
For example: ESRI Shapefile: shapefile name
layer=integer

Layer number
A single vector map can be connected to multiple database tables. This number determines which table to use.
Default: 1
format=string

OGR format
Options: ESRI_Shapefile,MapInfo_File,TIGER,S57,DGN,Memory,BNA,CSV,GML,GPX,KML,GeoJSON,Interlis_1,Interlis_2,GMT,SQLite,ODBC,PostgreSQL,MySQL,Geoconcept
Default: ESRI_Shapefile
dsco=string[,string,...]

OGR dataset creation option (format specific, NAME=VALUE)
Default:
lco=string[,string,...]

OGR layer creation option (format specific, NAME=VALUE)
Default:

DESCRIPTION

v.out.ogr converts GRASS vector data to OGR format. OGR (Simple Features Library) is part of the GDAL library, so you need to install gdal to use v.out.ogr.

Supported OGR Vector Formats

ESRI Shapefile
CSV
GML
KML
Mapinfo File
PostgreSQL/PostGIS
TIGER

For further available drivers go here.

NOTES

To export areas with holes into, e.g., a Shapefile, while keeping the holes as holes, the flag -c has to be used.

EXAMPLES

Export to Shapefile

Export lines from GRASS vector map to Shapefile format:
v.out.ogr input=lines type=line dsn=lines.shp

Export areas from GRASS vector map to Shapefile format, preserving islands:
v.out.ogr -c input=areas_islands type=area dsn=areas_islands.shp

Export 3D lines from GRASS vector map to Shapefile format:
v.out.ogr input=lines_3d type=line dsn=lines_3d.shp lco="SHPT=ARCZ"

Export 3D points (e.g., Lidar points) from GRASS vector map to Shapefile format
v.out.ogr points_3d type=point dsn=points_3d.shp lco="SHPT=POINTZ"

Export 3D faces from GRASS vector map to Shapefile format:
v.out.ogr input=objects_3d type=face dsn=faces_3d.shp lco="SHPT=POLYGONZ"

Export to GML

Export lines from GRASS vector map to GML format (generates /tmp/testogr.gml file with layer 'testogr'):
v.out.ogr input=multi type=line dsn=/tmp/testogr.gml olayer=testogr format=GML

Export to PostgreSQL/PostGIS

Export areas from GRASS vector map directly to PostGIS:
v.out.ogr input=polygons type=area \

          dsn="PG:host=localhost dbname=postgis user=postgres" \

          olayer=polymap format=PostgreSQL

Export to KML (Google Earth)

Example 1 (Latitude-Longitude location):
Export faces (3D vectors) from GRASS vector map to KML format for Google Earth:
v.out.ogr input=buildings_3d dsn=buildings_3d.kml olayer=buildings_3d \

          format=KML type=face

Example 2 (Latitude-Longitude location):
Generate and export GRASS vector "asteroid" map (faces, 3D vectors) to KML format for Google Earth:
# near Raleigh (NC, USA)
g.region n=35.73952587 s=35.73279182 w=-78.68263928 e=-78.67499517

# two layers of random points
v.random -z output=random3d_a n=10 zmin=0 zmax=200
v.random -z output=random3d_b n=15 zmin=400 zmax=600

# merge into one 3D points map
v.patch input=random3d_a,random3d_b output=random3d

# generate 3D convex hull
v.hull input=random3d output="random3d_hull"

# export to KML 3D
v.out.ogr input=random3d_hull dsn=random3d_hull.kml format=KML \

          type=face dsco="AltitudeMode=absolute"

# now open KML file 'random3d_hull.kml' in Google Earth or NASA WorldWind or ...

REFERENCES

OGR vector library
OGR vector library C API documentation

SEE ALSO

db.out.ogr, v.external, v.in.ogr

AUTHORS

Radim Blazek, ITC-Irst, Trento, Italy
Some contributions: Markus Neteler, Martin Landa

Last changed: $Date: 2010-04-04 13:21:23 +0200 (dom, 04 apr 2010) $

Full index

© 2003-2010 GRASS Development Team

Il ne faut jamais moquer des misérables :
Car qui peut s'assurer d'être toujours heureux ?
-+- Jean de La Fontaine (1621-1695),
Le Lièvre et la Perdrix (Fables V.17) -+-