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# v.perturb

Langue: en

Autres versions - même langue

Version: 370103 (fedora - 01/12/10)

Section: 1 (Commandes utilisateur)

# Sommaire

## NAME

v.perturb - Random location perturbations of GRASS vector points

vector

## SYNOPSIS

v.perturb
v.perturb help
v.perturb [-q] input=name output=name [distribution=string] parameters=float[,float,...] [minimum=float] [seed=integer] [--overwrite] [--verbose] [--quiet]

### Flags:

-q

Quiet
--overwrite

Allow output files to overwrite existing files
--verbose

Verbose module output
--quiet

Quiet module output

### Parameters:

input=name

Vector points to be spatially perturbed
output=name

Name for output vector map
distribution=string

Distribution of perturbation
Options: uniform,normal
Default: uniform
parameters=float[,float,...]

Parameter(s) of distribution. If the distribution is uniform, only one parameter, the maximum, is needed. For a normal distribution, two parameters, the mean and standard deviation, are required.
minimum=float

Minimum deviation in map units
Default: 0.0
seed=integer

Seed for random number generation
Default: 0

## DESCRIPTION

v.perturb reads a vector map of points and writes the same points but perturbs the eastings and northings by adding either a uniform or normal delta value. Perturbation means that a variating spatial deviation is added to the coordinates.

## NOTES

The uniform distribution is always centered about zero. The associated parameter is constrained to be positive and specifies the maximum of the distribution; the minimum is the negation of that parameter. Do perturb into a ring around the center, the minimum parameter can be used.

Usually, the mean (first parameter) of the normal distribution is zero (i.e., the distribution is centered at zero). The standard deviation (second parameter) is naturally constrained to be positive.

Output vector points are not guaranteed to be contained within the current geographic region.

v.random
v.univar

## AUTHOR

James Darrell McCauley
when he was at: Agricultural Engineering Purdue University

Random number generators originally written in FORTRAN by Wes Peterson and translated to C using f2c.

Last changed: \$Date: 2006-03-03 11:41:45 +0100 (Fri, 03 Mar 2006) \$

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