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Langue: en

Version: 10 Feb 2008 (debian - 07/07/09)

Section: 1 (Commandes utilisateur)


vdr - the Video Disk Recorder


vdr [options]


vdr implements a complete digital Set-Top Box and Video Recorder. It can work with signals received from satellites (DVB-S) as well as cable (DVB-C) and terrestrial (DVB-T) signals.

At least one DVB card is required to run vdr. With it you can watch live TV while recording one or more other broadcasts from the same transponder. It is also possible to start watching a recorded programme before the live broadcast has ended (time shifting). In order to record from different transponders simultaneously two or more DVB cards are necessary. By default vdr can support up to four DVB cards. The primary DVB card (the one your TV set is connected to) has to be a "full featured" card, which means it must contain an MPEG decoder and provide audio and video signal outputs.

vdr uses the On Screen Display of the DVB card to display its menus. It can be controlled by the PC keyboard, a home built "Remote Control Unit" (RCU) or the "Linux Infrared Remote Control" (LIRC).

Remote access is possible via the "Simple Video Disk Recorder Protocol" (SVDRP), which can be accessed on port 2001, for instance by telnet.


-a cmd, --audio=cmd
Send Dolby Digital audio to stdin of command cmd.
-c dir, --config=dir
Read config files from directory dir (default is to read them from the video directory).
-d, --daemon
Run in daemon mode (implies --no-kbd).
-D num, --device=num
Use only the given DVB device (num = 0, 1, 2...). There may be several -D options (by default all DVB devices will be used).
-E file, --epgfile=file
Write the EPG data into the given file (default is /video/ Use -E- to disable this. If file is a directory, the file will be created in that directory.
-g, --grab=dir
Write images from the SVDRP command GRAB into the given directory dir. dir must be the full path name of an existing directory, without any "..", double '/' or symlinks. By default, or if -g- is given, grabbing images to disk is disabled.
-h, --help
Print a help message and exit.
-l level, --log=level
Set logging to level. 0 = no logging, 1 = errors only, 2 = errors and info, 3 = errors, info and debug. The default logging level is 3. If logging should be done to LOG_LOCALn instead of LOG_USER, add '.n' to LEVEL, as in 3.7 (n=0..7).
-L dir, --lib=dir
Search for plugins in directory dir (default is ./PLUGINS/lib). There can be several -L options with different dir values. Each of them will apply to the -P options following it.
Use a LIRC remote control device. If path is omitted, vdr uses /dev/lircd.
Search for locale files in dir (default is ./locale).
-m, --mute
Mute audio of the primary DVB device at startup.
Don't use the keyboard as an input device.
-p port, --port=port
Use port for SVDRP. A value of 0 turns off SVDRP. The default SVDRP port is 2001. You need to edit the file svdrphosts.conf in order to enable access to the SVDRP port.
-P options, --plugin=options
Load a plugin, defined by the given options. The first word in options must be the name of an existing vdr plugin, optionally followed by a blank separated list of command line options for that plugin. If options contains any blanks, you need to enclose it in quotes, like for example

vdr -P "abc -a -b xyz"

which would load a plugin named abc, giving it the command line options -a -b xyz. If you want to load all available plugins (without any particular options) you can use

vdr -P "*"

(note the quotes around the asterisk to prevent wildcard expansion).

Use a serial port remote control device. If path is omitted, vdr uses /dev/ttyS1.
-r cmd, --record=cmd
Call cmd before and after a recording. See the file INSTALL for more information.
-s cmd, --shutdown=cmd
Call cmd to shutdown the computer. See the file INSTALL for more information.
-t tty, --terminal=tty
Set the controlling terminal.
-u user, --user=user
Run as user user in case vdr was started as user 'root'. Starting vdr as 'root' is necessary if the system time shall be set from the transponder data, but for security reasons vdr can switch to a lesser privileged user id during normal operation.
allow coredumps if -u is given (only for debugging).
Encode special characters in recording names to avoid problems with VFAT file systems.
-v dir, --video=dir
Use dir as video directory. The default is /video.
-V, --version
Print version information and exit.
-w sec, --watchdog=sec
Activate the watchdog timer with a timeout of sec seconds. A value of 0 (default) disables the watchdog.


Program exits with status 0.
Program exits with status 1. This can be used to force a reload, for example if an update has been installed.


Successful program execution.
An error has been detected which requires the DVB driver and vdr to be reloaded.
An non-recoverable error has been detected, vdr has given up.


Channel configuration.
Timer configuration.
User definable setup.
User definable commands (executed from the Commands menu).
SVDRP host configuration, defining which hosts or networks are given access to the SVDRP port.
Contains the editing marks defined for a recording.
Contains a description of the recording.
Contains the index into the recording where the last replay session left off.
Contains the file number, offset and type of each frame of the recording.
Contains the key assignments for the remote control.
Contains user defined remote control key macros.
001.vdr ... 255.vdr
The actual data files of a recording.
Contains all current EPG data. Can be used for external processing and will also be read at program startup to have the full EPG data available immediately.
If this file is present in the video directory, its last modification time will be used to trigger an update of the list of recordings in the "Recordings" menu.




Written by Klaus Schmidinger, with contributions from many others. See the file CONTRIBUTORS in the vdr source distribution.


Report bugs to <>. Copyright © 2008 Klaus Schmidinger.

This is free software; see the source for copying conditions. There is NO warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

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