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xnetload

Langue: en

Autres versions - même langue

Version: 2001-6-2 (ubuntu - 07/07/09)

Section: 1 (Commandes utilisateur)

NAME

xnetload - Displays packet (or bytes) traffic and uptime for a network connection in an X window.

SYNOPSIS

xnetload [Xt options] [other options] interface

DESCRIPTION

This manual page documents version 1.11 of xnetload, a program that displays the number of bytes (or packets) transmitted per second in and out of the system over a network connection, in an X window. If the interface it is assigned to monitor goes offline, xnetload terminates itself.

The first line of test displays the interface that this instance of xnetload is monitoring, and the amount of time that has passed since the program was started. This is very useful to keep track of how long you've been online in case of a dail-up connection. Displaying this line can be turned off by using the -ni switch or setting the noInterface resource to True.

Next follow a line of text showing the incoming bytes. Three numbers are shown; the current value, the maximum value seen in this session (between ()), and the amount of bytes received (between []). Showing this line can be turned off by using the -nv switch or setting the noValues resource to True. The number of bytes is averaged over the last five samples by default. Also by default, the samples are taken and the screen is updated every second.

Below that is a graphical representation of the incoming stream. The graph displays log10 of the numbers of bytes by default, but it can also show the amount in kilobytes (by using the -kb switch). The kilobytes value can be scaled by a command-line parameter (-s factor).

The line of text and the graph are repeated for outgoing bytes.

This program requires the /proc filesystem. If you want to display (k)bytes/s you'll need a 2.1.x kernel or newer kernel. As of version 1.7.0, support for ip-accounting for 2.0.x kernels is dropped. Version 1.6.1 is still available for those wishing to use ip-accounting on a 2.0.x kernel.

OPTIONS

This program accepts the standard X Toolkit Intrinsics options (see X(1)).

It accepts the following additional options:

-? or -h or --help or no arguments
This prints a short help message.
-novalues or -nv
This inhibits showing the traffic numbers.
-nointerface or -ni
This inhibits showing of the "interface" line at the top of the window. Combining -nv and -ni comes in handy when using xnetload as a dock applet.
-nocharts or -nc
This inhibits the display of packet traffic graphs.
-kilobytes or -kb
Display the chart/values as kilobytes. This doesn't work on a 2.0.x kernel, since there is no byte count in /proc/net/dev in those kernels.
-scale factor or -s factor
Scales the kilobytes display by a given value, which must be > 1. Used in combination with -kilobytes or -kb.
-u seconds, -update seconds
Number of seconds between screen updates. The default is 1 second.
-a count or -average count
The number of samples that is averaged. The values and graphs show this average. The default value is 5 samples.
-interface interface or -if interface or interface
The name of the network interface to monitor, e.g. lo for the loopback device, or sl0 for the first slip device.
-zeroonreset or -zr
Resets the counters to zero, if the interface has gone down, or the counter in the kernel has rolled over.

RESOURCES

In addition to the resources available to the widget, xnetload also defines the following custom application resources:
interface (class Interface)
The name of the network interface to monitor. This is set by the command-line option -if.
noValues (class NoValues)
This is a boolean value that, if True, inhibits the display of the packet count value. It defaults to False. This resource can be set to True on the command-line by specifying the -nv option.
noInterface (class NoInterface)
This is a boolean value that, if True, inhibits the display of the interface line at the top of the window. It defaults to False. This resource can be set to True on the command-line by specifying the -ni option.
noCharts (class NoCharts)
This is a boolean value that, if True, inhibits the display of the packet count graph. It defaults to False. Specifying the -nc option on the command-line sets this resource to True.
kilobytes (class Kilobytes)
This boolean makes the program convert the values it reads to kilobytes. It defaults to False. Specifying the -kb option on the command-line sets this resource to True.
scale (class Scale)
This value makes the program scale the graph by the given amount, if the graph is showing kilobytes. This resource can also be specified on the command-line via the -s option.
upd (class Upd)
Number of seconds between updates. This resource can also be set on the command-line with the -u or -update option.
agv (class Avg)
The number of samples that is averaged. This resource can also be set on the command-line with the -a or -average option.
zeroOnReset (class ZeroOnReset)
Resets the counters to zero, if the interface has gone down, or the counter in the kernel has rolled over. This resource can also be set on the command-line with the -zr or -zeroonreset option.

WIDGETS

The widget tree for xnetload is as shown below. It shows the widget class name followed by the widget instance name.
 XNetload xnetload
    Paned paned
        Label interface
        Label in
        StripChart str_in
        Label out
        StripChart str_out
 

If the -nocharts option is given, or the noCharts resource is set to True, the StripCharts are missing.

If the -novalues option is given, or the noValues resource is set to True, the Labels in and out are missing.

If the -nointerface option is given, or the noInterface resource is set to True, the Label interface is missing.

FILES

/proc/net/dev -- network device statistics for Linux.

XNetload -- application defaults file.

DIAGNOSTICS

The following messages can be generated on the console:
No network interface specified
The interface argument on the command line was omitted.
Could not open /proc/net/dev
Opening the /proc/net/dev file failed. xnetload reads the data it displays from this file. Make sure it exists and is readable. Try `cat /proc/net/dev'. If this returns the error `No such file or directory' you need to enable the /proc filesystem in the Linux kernel.
Interface not found in /proc/net/dev
The interface you've specified is not listed in /proc/net/dev. Try `cat /proc/net/dev' and see what interfaces are listed. Maybe you misspelled the name?
Error scanning /proc/net/dev
There was an error scanning the counts from /proc/net/dev. There might have been a change in the format of these files (especially in the development kernels). Please send the maintainer a listing of that file.
Not enough memory to read /proc/net/dev
The program couldn't allocate enough memory to contain the whole /proc/net/dev file.
Average count must be > 0
You specified a negative number with the -a or -average options, or the avg resource. This is not allowed.
Scale must be > 1
You specified a small or negative number with the -s or -scale options, or the scale resource. This is not allowed.
Update time must be > 0
You specified a negative number with the -u or -update options, or the upd resource. This is not allowed.
Memory allocation error
The program could not get the memory it needs to operate. Maybe you have specified a huge average count, or your system has very little memory and/or swap space.

SEE ALSO

X(1), proc(5), README file in source distribution.

BUGS

It requires Linux, since it needs the /proc filesystem, especially the /proc/net/dev file.

The format of the /proc/net/dev file has changed over time. Xnetload works with 2.0.32+, 2.2.x and 2.4.x kernels. If you have a kernel that does not work with xnetload, please send the maintainer a listing of your /proc/net/dev file, so the source can be updated.

Previous versions relied on a fixed buffer to read /proc/net/dev. This sometimes caused problems for people with lots of network connections. As of 1.11, the required memory is allocated dynamically.

AUTHOR

 xnetload was written and is maintained by 
 Roland Smith <rsmith@xs4all.nl>.
 
The latest version of this program is available at: http://www.xs4all.nl/~rsmith/software/

LICENSE

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.

Le sage ne dit pas ce qu'il sait, le sot ne sait pas ce qu'il dit.