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iicbus.4freebsd

Langue: en

Version: 300850 (debian - 07/07/09)

Section: 4 (Pilotes et protocoles réseau)


BSD mandoc

NAME

iicbus - I2C bus system

SYNOPSIS

device iicbus device iicbb

device iic device ic device iicsmb

DESCRIPTION

The iicbus system provides a uniform, modular and architecture-independent system for the implementation of drivers to control various I2C devices and to utilize different I2C controllers.

I2C

I2C is an acronym for Inter Integrated Circuit bus. The I2C bus was developed in the early 1980's by Philips semiconductors. Its purpose was to provide an easy way to connect a CPU to peripheral chips in a TV-set.

The BUS physically consists of 2 active wires and a ground connection. The active wires, SDA and SCL, are both bidirectional. Where SDA is the Serial DAta line and SCL is the Serial CLock line.

Every component hooked up to the bus has its own unique address whether it is a CPU, LCD driver, memory, or complex function chip. Each of these chips can act as a receiver and/or transmitter depending on its functionality. Obviously an LCD driver is only a receiver, while a memory or I/O chip can both be transmitter and receiver. Furthermore there may be one or more BUS MASTERs.

The BUS MASTER is the chip issuing the commands on the BUS. In the I2C protocol specification it is stated that the IC that initiates a data transfer on the bus is considered the BUS MASTER. At that time all the others are regarded to as the BUS SLAVEs. As mentioned before, the IC bus is a Multi-MASTER BUS. This means that more than one IC capable of initiating data transfer can be connected to it.

DEVICES

Some I2C device drivers are available:
Devices Ta Description
iic Ta general i/o operation
ic Ta network IP interface
iicsmb Ta I2C to SMB software bridge

INTERFACES

The I2C protocol may be implemented by hardware or software. Software interfaces rely on very simple hardware, usually two lines twiddled by 2 registers. Hardware interfaces are more intelligent and receive 8-bit characters they write to the bus according to the I2C protocol.

I2C interfaces may act on the bus as slave devices, allowing spontaneous bidirectional communications, thanks to the multi-master capabilities of the I2C protocol.

Some I2C interfaces are available:

Interface Ta Description
pcf Ta Philips PCF8584 master/slave interface
iicbb Ta generic bit-banging master-only driver
lpbb Ta parallel port specific bit-banging interface
bktr Ta Brooktree848 video chipset, hardware and software master-only interface

SEE ALSO

iicbb(4), lpbb(4), pcf(4)

HISTORY

The manual page first appeared in Fx 3.0 .

AUTHORS

This manual page was written by An Nicolas Souchu .
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