Langue: en

Version: 363793 (ubuntu - 25/10/10)

Section: 8 (Commandes administrateur)


btrfs - control a btrfs filesystem


btrfs subvolume snapshot <source> [<dest>/]<name>

btrfs subvolume delete <subvolume>

btrfs subvolume create [<dest>/]<name>

btrfs subvolume list <path>

btrfs subvolume set-default <id> <path>

btrfs filesystem defrag <file>|<dir> [<file>|<dir>...]

btrfs filesystem sync <path>

btrfs filesystem resize [+/-]<size>[gkm]|max <filesystem>

btrfs device scan [<device> [<device>..]]

btrfs device show <dev>|<label> [<dev>|<label>...]

btrfs device balance <path>

btrfs device add <dev> [<dev>..] <path>

btrfs device delete <dev> [<dev>..] <path> ]

btrfs help|--help|-h


btrfs is used to control the filesystem and the files and directories stored. It is the tool to create or destroy a snapshot or a subvolume for the filesystem, to defrag a file or a directory, flush the data to the disk, to resize the filesystem, to scan the device.

It is possible to abbreviate the commands unless the commands are ambiguous. For example: it is possible to run btrfs sub snaps instead of btrfs subvolume snapshot. But btrfs dev s is not allowed, because dev s may be interpreted both as device show and as device scan. In this case btrfs returns an error.

If a command is terminated by --help , the relevant help is showed. If the passed command matches more commands, the help of all the matched commands are showed. For example btrfs dev --help shows the help of all device* command.


subvolume snapshot <source> [<dest>/]<name> Create a writable snapshot of the subvolume <source> with the name <name> in the <dest> directory. If <source> is not a subvolume, btrfs returns an error.
subvolume delete <subvolume> Delete the subvolume <subvolume>. If <subvolume> is not a subvolume, btrfs returns an error.
subvolume create [<dest>/]<name> Create a subvolume in <dest> (or in the current directory if <dest> is omitted).
subvolume list <path> List the subvolumes present in the filesystem <path>. For every subvolume is showed the subvolume ID (second column), the ID of the top level subvolume (fifth column), and the path (seventh column) relative to the top level subvolume. These <ID> may be used by the subvolume set-default command, or at mount time via the subvol= option.
subvolume set-default <id> <path> Set the subvolume of the filesystem <path> which is mounted as default. The subvolume is identified by <id>, which is returned by the subvolume list command.
filesystem defragment <file>|<dir> [<file>|<dir>...] Defragment files and/or directories.
device scan [<device> [<device>..]] Scan devices for a btrfs filesystem. If no devices are passed, btrfs scans all the block devices.
filesystem sync <path> Force a sync for the filesystem identified by <path>.

filesystem resize [+/-]<size>[gkm]|max <path> Resize a filesystem identified by <path>. The <size> parameter specifies the new size of the filesystem. If the prefix + or - is present the size is increased or decreased by the quantity <size>. If no units are specified, the unit of the <size> parameter defaults to bytes. Optionally, the size parameter may be suffixed by one of the following the units designators: 'K', 'M', or 'G', kilobytes, megabytes, or gigabytes, respectively.
If 'max' is passed, the filesystem will occupy all available space on the volume(s).
The resize command does not manipulate the size of underlying partition. If you wish to enlarge/reduce a filesystem, you must make sure you can expand the partition before enlarging the filesystem and shrink the partition after reducing the size of the filesystem.
filesystem show [<uuid>|<label>] Show the btrfs filesystem with some additional info. If no UUID or label is passed, btrfs show info of all the btrfs filesystem.
device balance <path> Balance the chunks of the filesystem identified by <path> across the devices.
device add <dev> [<dev>..] <path> Add device(s) to the filesystem identified by <path>.
device delete <dev> [<dev>..] <path> Remove device(s) from a filesystem identified by <path>.


btrfs returns a zero exist status if it succeeds. Non zero is returned in case of failure.


btrfs is part of btrfs-progs. Btrfs filesystem is currently under heavy development, and not suitable for any uses other than benchmarking and review. Please refer to the btrfs wiki for further details.