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Section: 8 (Commandes administrateur)


ntpd - "Network Time Protocol daemon"


ntpd [-dSs] [-f conffile] [-p pidfile]


The ntpd daemon synchronizes the local clock to one or more remote NTP servers, and can also act as an NTP server itself, redistributing the local time. It implements the Simple Network Time Protocol version 4, as described in RFC 2030, and the Network Time Protocol version 3, as described in RFC 1305.

ntpd uses the adjtime(2) system call to correct the local system time without causing time jumps. Adjustments larger than 128ms are logged using syslog(3). The threshold value is chosen to avoid having local clock drift thrash the log files. Should ntpd be started with the -d option, all calls to adjtime(2) will be logged.

When ntpd starts up, it reads settings from a configuration file, typically ntpd.conf(5).

When ntpd receives a SIGUSR1 signal, it writes its peer status to syslog(3).

The options are as follows:

Do not daemonize. If this option is specified, ntpd will run in the foreground and log to stderr.
-f conffile
Use conffile as the configuration file, instead of the default /etc/openntpd/ntpd.conf.
-p pidfile
Specify the name and path of the file used to record the ntpd process ID.
Do not set the time immediately at startup. This is the default.
Set the time immediately at startup if the local clock is off by more than 180 seconds. Allows for a large time correction, eliminating the need to run rdate(8) before starting .


default ntpd configuration file
Contains the process ID of the ntpd listening for connections.


date(1), adjtime(2), ntpd.conf(5), rdate(8), timed(8)

, Network Time Protocol (Version 3), March 1992.

, Simple Network Time Protocol (SNTP) Version 4, October 1996.


The ntpd program first appeared in OpenBSD 3.6 .