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sendmail2dlf

Langue: en

Autres versions - même langue

Version: 2006-07-23 (debian - 07/07/09)

Section: 1 (Commandes utilisateur)

NAME

sendmail2dlf - convert sendmail logfiles to dlf

SYNOPSIS

sendmail2dlf

DESCRIPTION

sendmail2dlf(1) converts a LogLevel 9 sendmail (8.10.x or higher) logfile, as created using syslog, to a Lire email Distilled Log Format file.

Input is one line per event. Outputted is one line per delivery:

  time logrelay queueid msgid fromuser fromdomain fromrelay \
  size delay xdelay touser todomain torelay stat
 
 

(This should be the format as defined in email/dlf.cfg.)

EXAMPLE

The lines
  Apr 20 03:00:11 firewall sendmail[442]: DAA00442: \
    from=<user@example.com>, size=4992, class=0, \
    pri=34992, nrcpts=1, \
    msgid=<200004192316.BAA19611@achilles.noot.com>, \
    proto=ESMTP, relay=host.example.nl [150.0.0.45]
  Apr 20 03:00:11 firewall sendmail[442]: DAA00442: \
    to=<jan@aap.com>, delay=00:00:00, mailer=smtp, \
    stat=queued
  Apr 20 05:00:11 firewall sendmail[503]: DAA00442: \
    to=<jan@aap.com>, delay=02:00:00, \
    xdelay=00:00:03, mailer=smtp, relay=mailgw.aap.com. \
    [3.4.64.199], stat=Sent (OK id=12i7CN-0001Kv-00)
 
 

wil be converted to

  956109611 firewall DAA00442 \
    <200004192316.baa19611@achilles.noot.com> user \
    example.com host.example.nl_[150.0.0.45] 4992 0 0 \
    jan aap.com host.example.nl._[150.0.0.45] queued \
    UNKNOWN
  956116811 firewall DAA00442 \
    <200004192316.baa19611@achilles.noot.com> user \
    example.com host.example.nl_[150.0.0.45] 4992 \
    7200 3 jan aap.com mailgw.aap.com._[3.4.64.199] \
    sent (ok_id=12i7cn-0001kv-00)
 
 

The lines

  Mar 17 13:34:32 mailhost sendmail[8408]: NAA08408: \
   from=<piet@example.com>, size=1890, class=0, \
   pri=0, nrcpts=4, \
   msgid=<000b01bf9009$f6885b20$6c062014@sabepc06.be.example.com>, \
   proto=ESMTP, relay=root@[1.2.6.10]
  Mar 17 13:45:26 mailhost sendmail[8457]: NAA08408: \
   to=lkrksen@www, delay=00:10:56, xdelay=00:00:01, \
   mailer=smtp, relay=www.example.nl. [194.229.43.3], \
   stat=Sent (NAA06261 Message accepted for delivery) \
  Mar 17 13:45:27 mailhost sendmail[8457]: NAA08408: \
   to=ll@host.example.com, delay=00:10:57, \
   xdelay=00:00:01, mailer=smtp, relay=host.example.nl. \
   [150.0.0.45], stat=Sent (OK)
  Mar 17 13:45:31 mailhost sendmail[8457]: NAA08408: \
   to=<mvelsla@aap.com>,<pvhove@aap.com>,<pdebaerd@aap.com>, \
   delay=00:11:01, xdelay=00:00:04, mailer=smtp, \
   relay=mailgw.aap.com. [3.4.64.199], stat=Sent (OK \
   id=12Vw8J-0001iT-00)
 
 

will be converted to

  953210726 mailhost NAA08408 \
   <000b01bf9009$f6885b20$6c062014@sabepc06.be.example.com>\
   piet example.com root@[1.2.6.10] 1890 656 1 lkrksen \
   www www.example.nl._[194.229.43.3] sent \
   (naa06261_message_accepted_for_delivery)
  953210727 mailhost NAA08408 \
   <000b01bf9009$f6885b20$6c062014@sabepc06.be.example.com> \
   piet example.com root@[1.2.6.10] 1890 657 1 ll \
   host.example.com host.example.nl._[150.0.0.45] sent (ok)
  953210731 mailhost NAA08408 \
   <000b01bf9009$f6885b20$6c062014@sabepc06.be.example.com> \
   piet example.com root@[1.2.6.10] 1890 661 4 mvelsla \
   aap.com mailgw.aap.com._[3.4.64.199] sent \
   (ok_id=12vw8j-0001it-00)
  953210731 mailhost NAA08408 \
   <000b01bf9009$f6885b20$6c062014@sabepc06.be.example.com> \
   piet example.com root@[1.2.6.10] 1890 661 4 pvhove \
   aap.com mailgw.aap.com._[3.4.64.199] sent \
   (ok_id=12vw8j-0001it-00)
  953210731 mailhost NAA08408 \
   <000b01bf9009$f6885b20$6c062014@sabepc06.be.example.com> \
   piet example.com root@[1.2.6.10] 1890 661 4 pdebaerd \
   aap.com mailgw.aap.com._[3.4.64.199] sent \
   (ok_id=12vw8j-0001it-00)
 
 

The lines

  Mar 15 13:34:09 firewall sendmail[279]: NAA00279: \
   from=<klaas@example.com>, size=2281952, class=0, \
   pri=2311952, nrcpts=1, \
   msgid=<200003151230.NAA00112@mailhost.example.nl>, \
   proto=ESMTP, relay=host.example.nl [150.0.0.45]
  Mar 15 13:34:09 firewall sendmail[279]: NAA00279: \
   to=<klaas@hotmail.com>, delay=00:00:04, mailer=smtp, \
   stat=queued
  Mar 15 13:39:58 firewall sendmail[401]: NAA00279: \
   to=<klaas@hotmail.com>, delay=00:05:53, xdelay=00:00:06, \
   mailer=smtp, relay=mc5.law5.hotmail.com. \
   [216.32.243.136], stat=Service unavailable
  Mar 15 13:39:58 firewall sendmail[401]: NAA00279: \
   NAA00401: postmaster notify: Service unavailable
  Mar 15 13:40:04 firewall sendmail[401]: NAA00401: \
   to=klaas@host.example.com, delay=00:00:06, \
   xdelay=00:00:04, mailer=smtp, relay=host.example.nl. \
   [150.0.0.45], stat=Sent (OK)
 
 

will be converted to

  953037249 firewall NAA00279 \
   <200003151230.naa00112@mailhost.example.nl> klaas \
   example.com host.example.nl_[150.0.0.45] 2281952 4 1 \
   klaas hotmail.com mailgw.csc.com._[208.219.64.199] \
   queued UNKNOWN
  953037598 firewall NAA00279 \
   <200003151230.naa00112@mailhost.example.nl> klaas \
   example.com host.example.nl_[150.0.0.45] 2281952 353 6 \
   klaas hotmail.com mc5.law5.hotmail.com._[216.32.243.136] \
   service unavailable
 
 

The fact that the delivery 'Mar 15 13:40:04 firewall sendmail[401]: NAA00401:' does not generate a dlf record is a bug.

When the line

  Mar 15 19:39:40 mailhost sendmail[2178]: TAA02178: \
   from=<foo@hotmail.com>, size=0, class=0, pri=0, \
   nrcpts=0, proto=SMTP, relay=[1.84.7.150]
 
 

occurs in the input, and there is no line carrying the same queueid, the line is discarded, and reported as skipped: any to- or from- line, lacking any partner, will get discarded.

Lines like:

  Mar 15 13:40:19 firewall sendmail[456]: alias database \
   /etc/aliases.db out of date
 
 

wil get discarded

EXAMPLES

To process a log as produced by sendmail:
  $ sendmail2dlf < mail.log
 
 

sendmail2dlf will be rarely used on its own, but is more likely called by lr_log2report:

  $ lr_log2report sendmail < /var/log/maillog
 
 

BUGS

When queueids are being reused within one logfile, behaviour is unpredictable. Incomplete logsnippets (e.g. from-lines without to-lines) are not treated well.

It is reported events like this occur in sendmail log files:

  SAA14845: from=<>, size=146990, class=0, pri=176990, nrcpts=1, 
   msgid=<092246.09986@rly-yc03.mx.aol.com>, proto=ESMTP, 
   relay=omr-d06.mx.aol.com [205.188.156.71]
  SAA14845: to=joe@mailhost, ctladdr=<joe@example.edu>, delay=00:00:01, 
   mailer=local, stat=User unknown
  SAA14845: to=<joe@example.edu>, delay=00:00:01, mailer=local, 
   stat=User unknown
  SAA14845: SAA14846: postmaster notify: User unknown
  SAA14846: to="|exec /usr/local/bin/procmail", ctladdr=ann@mailhost (2217/10), 
   delay=00:00:00, xdelay=00:00:00, mailer=prog, stat=Sent
  SAA14846: to=bob@imap-ns, delay=00:00:01, xdelay=00:00:01, mailer=esmtp, 
   relay=apex.example.edu. [152.19.4.80], 
   stat=Sent (Message received: GVV8N400.CMX)
  SAA14846: to=eve@mailhost, delay=00:00:01, xdelay=00:00:00, mailer=local, 
   stat=Sent
 
 

Note that SAA14845 has _two_ final to= lines, while the from= line states nrcpts=1. This blows the axiom of this script away. We haven't decided yet on how to deal with this...

THANKS

Edward Eldred, for finding and reporting a bug.

VERSION

$Id: sendmail2dlf.in,v 1.32 2006/07/23 13:16:34 vanbaal Exp $ Copyright (C) 2000, 2001, 2002 Stichting LogReport Foundation LogReport@LogReport.org

This program is part of Lire.

Lire is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program (see COPYING); if not, check with http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/gpl.html.

AUTHOR

Joost van Baal <joostvb@logreport.org>
ORDRE

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